Memories of Murder

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Memories of Murder
Theatrical release poster
Hangul살인 추억
Revised RomanizationSarinui Chueok
McCune–ReischauerSarinŭi Ch'uǒk
Directed byBong Joon-ho
Written byBong Joon-ho
Shim Sung-bo
Based onCome to See Me (play)
by Kim Kwang-rim
Produced byCha Seung-jae
StarringSong Kang-ho
Kim Sang-kyung
Kim Roi-ha
Park Hae-il
Byun Hee-bong
CinematographyKim Hyung-koo
Edited byKim Sun-min
Music byTarō Iwashiro
Distributed byCJ Entertainment
Release date
  • 2 May 2003 (2003-05-02)
Running time
131 minutes
CountrySouth Korea
BudgetUS$2.8 million[1]

Memories of Murder (Korean살인의 추억; RRSarinui chueok) is a 2003 South Korean crime thriller film co-written and directed by Bong Joon-ho. It is loosely based on the true story of Korea's first confirmed serial murders, which took place between 1986 and 1991 in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi Province. Song Kang-ho and Kim Sang-kyung star as Detective Park and Detective Seo, respectively, two of the detectives trying to solve the crimes.

The film was the second feature film directed by Bong, following his 2000 debut film Barking Dogs Never Bite. The screenplay was adapted by Bong and Shim Sung-bo from Kim Kwang-rim's 1996 stage play Come to See Me about the same subject. The film has earned critical acclaim for its tone, cinematography, editing, score, Song's performance, and Bong's direction and screenplay. The film received thirty awards and nominations, and is considered by many to be one of the best South Korean films ever made.[2][3]


In October 1986, two women are found raped and murdered on the outskirts of a small town. Local detective Park Doo-man, not having dealt with such a serious case before, is overwhelmed—evidence is improperly collected, the police's investigative methods are suspicious, and their forensic technology is near non-existent. Park claims he has a way of determining suspects by eye contact. He decides to first question a scarred mentally handicapped boy, Baek Kwang-ho, because he used to follow one of the victims around town. Park uses his eye contact method, thinking Baek is responsible, and has his partner Cho beat confessions out of Baek.

Seo Tae-yoon, a detective from Seoul, volunteers to assist them. However he and Park's methods clash. Seo deems Baek's hands too weak and scarred to be able to commit such an elaborate crime, clearing his name. After more murders are committed, they realize that the killer waits until a rainy night and only kills women wearing red. Officer Kwon Kwi-ok realizes that a local radio station is always requested to play a particular song during the nights the murders are committed.

At the latest crime scene, Park, Cho and Seo all arrive to investigate in different ways, but a local man there masturbates in a woman's red lingerie. Park and Cho apprehend the man, brutally beating him. Seo finds a survivor of the killer with Kwon's help. Upon learning that the killer's hands were noticeably soft, Seo clears the man, as his hands are rough. Infuriated that they lost their suspect, Park scuffles with Seo until Kwon alerts them that the song on the radio is playing. They realize it's raining but arrive too late, finding another woman murdered. Park, Seo and Cho finally decide to work together.

Upon doing an autopsy of the latest victim, they discover pieces of a peach in the body. Clues lead them to a factory worker, Park Hyeon-gyu. Seo notes that his hands are soft like the survivor had described. Hyeon-gyu begins to show discomfort when Seo presents the peaches and they think they've found the killer. Cho loses control and beats Hyeon-gyu, prompting their superior to ban him from the interrogation room. Park and Seo listen to Baek's earlier confession. Seo points out that he talks as if someone else did it and they realize he knew details of the murder because he witnessed it. They go to Baek's father's restaurant, only to discover a drunken Cho there. As people watch news and ridicule police officers, he beats everyone and Baek joins the fray, swinging a wooden board at Cho's leg and accidentally piercing it with a rusty nail. Park and Seo chase Baek and question him, but he gets frightened and runs into the path of an oncoming train, where he is struck and killed.

Park learns that Cho's leg will have to be amputated because the nail caused tetanus, leaving him feeling guilty. They discover semen on one of the bodies, but because of Korea's lack of DNA analysis technology, the sample is sent to the United States to confirm if suspect Hyeon-gyu is the killer. That night, a young girl is killed. At the crime scene, Seo recognizes the girl as the same schoolgirl he had befriended while investigating. Enraged, he attacks Hyeon-gyu until he is interrupted by Park bringing the results from America. The sample is deemed to be inconclusive in relation to Hyeon-gyu's DNA and Park lets Hyeon-gyu go.

In 2003, the crimes remain unsolved and Park is now a father and businessman. He happens to pass by the first crime scene and decides to visit it, learning from a little girl that the scene had recently been visited by an unknown man who had said that he was reminiscing about something he had done there a long time ago. Park asks the girl what he had looked like, and she tells him that he had a "normal" face, and was someone who looked very ordinary. The film ends as Park looks straight at the camera, seemingly trying to spot the killer amongst the audience by using his eye contact method.


  • Song Kang-ho as Park Doo-man, the detective in charge of solving the murders
  • Kim Sang-kyung as Seo Tae-yoon, a younger, but much more professional, detective from Seoul, who volunteers to help Park
  • Kim Roi-ha as Cho Yong-koo, Park's partner, who beats suspects
  • Song Jae-ho as Sergeant Shin Dong-chul, the detectives' superior, who takes over partway through the investigation
  • Byun Hee-bong as Sergeant Koo Hee-bong, the detectives' superior for the first part of the investigation
  • Go Seo-hee as Officer Kwon Kwi-ok, a female police officer who works with the other detectives to solve the case
  • Ryu Tae-Ho as Jo Byeong-Sun, the second prime suspect, who was discovered masturbating at a crime scene
  • Park No-shik as Baek Kwang-ho, the initial prime suspect, an intellectually disabled man who used to follow one of the victims
  • Park Hae-il as Park Hyeon-gyu, the third prime suspect, a factory office worker with soft hands
  • Jeon Mi-seon as Kwok Seol-yung, Park Doo-man's girlfriend
  • Yeom Hye-ran as So-hyeon's mother



On September 9, 2002, Bong announced the start of filming in a press conference held at the Kumho Museum of Art.[4] During the conference, Bong addressed the difficulties of shooting the film, saying that "even though they avoided the location of the incident, Hwaseong, while filming, it was done carefully since the family of the victims of the real cases were still alive".[4] In an interview with South Korean newspaper Hankook Ilbo in August 2002, regarding the motivation for making the film, he replied that as a fan of detective fiction he "aimed to depict the horror that has not yet been revealed through the emotions evoked through the clash of unmatching concepts of scenic landscapes and grotesque corpses" along with the limitation of the times.[5] The conflict framework and the elements of investigation through the usage of FM radio was borrowed from the play Come to See Me, and the scenario was written based on real case reports of the incident as well as personal interviews of the detective who was involved in the case.[5] The film also aimed to reflect his personal reflections from his domestic failure of his previous work Barking Dogs Never Bite, which he described as an "enumeration of personal interests".[5]


Filming took place in Jangseong County, South Jeolla Province[6] and the reed field scene was filmed at Haenam County, South Jeolla Province with cinematography by Kim Hyung-koo.[7] The tunnel scenes were filmed at the Jukbong tunnel located in Jinju.[8]


The production team initially contacted a lot of famous Japanese composers such as Joe Hisaishi, and yet tried to find the right music that would not "overwhelm the film", and later found about Taro Iwashiro.[9] Bong and Iwashiro met each other on two occasions to exchange ideas in 10 hour meetings at Japan and South Korea respectively.[9] Initially over 20 demo tapes were sent to Bong, with some modifications in response to Bong's requests.[9] To reflect the blank spaces that are intentionally laid on the screens in the frames of the film as well as the missing information in time, the music was composed in "almost connected, yet almost disconnected rhythms".[9] The style of the music was also required to be realistic and to contain themes of memory of the times and murder.[9]


Within a year of its debut, Memories of Murder was received as a cult film. Later in the decade, it was praised by numerous international publications, referred to as one of the greatest films of 2000s, one of the best crime films ever made, and one of the best South Korean films of all time. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 95% based on 76 reviews, with an average rating of 8.20/10. The site's critics consensus reads, "Memories of Murder blends the familiar crime genre with social satire and comedy, capturing the all-too human desperation of its key characters."[10] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 82 out of 100 based on 15 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[11] The film won the South Korean film industry's 2003 Grand Bell Award for Best Film, while Bong Joon-ho and Song Kang-ho won the awards for Best Director and Best Leading Actor, respectively.[12]

According to Lathifah Indah of, "Memories of Murder is arguably one of Bong Joon-ho's best movies to watch".[13]

Deeson Thompson of The Washington Post called the film "exciting",[14] while Derek Elley of Variety called it "a powerful, slow-burning portrait of human fallibility".[15]

By the end of the film's domestic run, it had been seen by 5,101,645 people,[16] making it the most watched film during the year 2003 in South Korea. While it was eventually outgained by Silmido, which was released in the same year, most of Silmido's audience did not see it until 2004.[citation needed] At the end of the film's run, Memories of Murder was also the fourth most viewed film of all time in the country, after Shiri, Friend and Joint Security Area.[citation needed] The commercial success of the film has been credited as saving one of its production companies, Sidus Pictures, from bankruptcy.[17]

Memories of Murder received screenings at several international film festivals, including New Zealand International Film Festival,[18] South Western International Film Festival,[19] Cannes Film Festival, Hawaii International Film Festival, London International Film Festival, Tokyo International Film Festival and San Sebastian International Film Festival, where Bong Joon-ho won the Best Director Award.[20]

Director Quentin Tarantino named it, along with Bong's The Host, one of his Top 20 favorite movies since 1992.[21] It was also chosen as the best Korean film of the century.[22] Sight & Sound included it in their list of "30 key films that defined the decade".[23] It was #63 in Slant Magazine's list of the 100 best films of the aughts.[24]

In 2010, Film Comment listed their top films of the decade based on an international poll of various cinephiles, including filmmakers, critics and academics.[25] Two films directed by Bong Joon-ho were included in the list – The Host (#71) and Memories of Murder (#84).[25]d


In 2020, distributor NEON had acquired the rights to restore Memories of Murder. The film came out on Blu-ray on April 20, 2021 and was distributed by The Criterion Collection.[26]

Real life case[edit]

While a total body count was never mentioned in the film, at least 10 similar murders were committed in the Hwaseong area between October 1986 and April 1991. This killing spree became known as the Hwaseong Serial Murders.

Some of the details of the murders presented in the movie, such as the killer's gagging the women with their underwear, were taken from the case.[27] As in the film, at the crime scenes, the investigators found bodily fluids suspected to belong to the murderer, but they did not have access to equipment to determine whether the DNA matched suspect DNA until late in the investigations. After the ninth murder, DNA evidence was sent to Japan (unlike the film, where it was sent to America) for analysis, but the results did not match any suspects.[28]

At the time of the film's release, the actual murderer had not yet been caught. As the case was growing close to reaching the statute of limitations, South Korea's leading Uri Party sought to amend the law to give the prosecutors more time to find the murderer. However, in 2006, the statute of limitations was reached for the last-known victim.[29]

More than 13 years later, on 18 September 2019, police announced that a man in his 50s, Lee Choon-jae, had been identified as a suspect in the killings.[30] He was identified after DNA from the underwear of one victim was matched with his, and subsequent DNA testing linked him to four of other unsolved serial murders.[31] At the time he was identified, he was already serving a life sentence in a prison in Busan for the rape and murder of his sister-in-law.[32]

Lee initially denied any involvement in the serial murders,[33] but, on 2 October 2019, police announced he had confessed to killing 14 people, including all 10 serial murders. Two of the additional four murders happened in Suwon, and the other two happened in Cheongju; as of October 2019, details about the victims have not been released because the investigation is ongoing.[34] In addition to the murders, Lee also confessed to more than 30 rapes and attempted rapes.[35][36]

After Lee's arrest, Bong Joon-ho commented, "When I made the film, I was very curious, and I also thought a lot about this murderer. I wondered what he look[ed] like." He later added, "I was able to see a photo of his face. And I think I need more time to really explain my emotions from that, but right now I’d just like to applaud the police force for their endless effort to find the culprit.”[37]

Awards and honors[edit]

2003 Chunsa Film Art Awards
2003 Busan Film Critics Awards[38]
2003 Grand Bell Awards[38]
2003 Tokyo International Film Festival[38]
  • Best Asian Film
2003 Blue Dragon Film Awards[38]
  • Best Cinematography – Kim Hyung-koo
2003 Korean Film Awards[38]
2003 Director's Cut Awards
2003 Torino Film Festival
2004 Festival du Film Policier de Cognac[38]
  • First Prize
  • Premier Prize


Screenwriter Kim Eun-hee (Sign, Phantom) was attached to a television adaptation with the working title Signal, which aired on tvN in 2016.[39]

Gap-dong, which aired on tvN in 2014, was also loosely inspired by the film.


  1. ^ Cheong, Sung-il; Paquet, Darcy (2004). Korean Cinema 2003, Korean Film Commission. p.92.
  2. ^ Kim, June (April 1, 2015). "Memories of Murder Makes Cinema Scope's Top Ten Films of the Decade". Korean Film Biz Zone. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  3. ^ "한국영상자료원 | 웹진". 2015-05-14. Archived from the original on 2015-05-14. Retrieved 2020-08-27.
  4. ^ a b [영화] 풀리지 않은 수수께끼, 화성연쇄살인범 추적 (in Korean). 2002-09-12. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  5. ^ a b c "살인의 추억" 촬영시작 봉 준 호 감독/"화성연쇄살인 내式대로 풀겁니다". Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). 2002-08-29. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  6. ^ 봉준호 감독 인기에 '살인의 추억' 그 장면 촬영지 장성도 주목. Maeil Business Newspaper (in Korean). 2020-02-11. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  7. ^ <살인의 추억> 촬영현장. Cine21 (in Korean). 2002-11-06.
  8. ^ 영화 ‘살인의 추억’ 촬영지 죽봉터널 재조명 (in Korean). 2019-09-19. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  9. ^ a b c d e <살인의 추억> 음악감독,이와시로 다로. Cine21 (in Korean). 2003-05-07.
  10. ^ "Memories of Murder (2003)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  11. ^ "Memories of Murder Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  12. ^ "Grand Bell Awards, South Korea (2003)". IMDb. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  13. ^ Indah, Lathifah (2020-06-15). "Memories of Murder Review: Pembunuhan Berantai Tanpa Titik Terang" (in Indonesian). Cultura. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  14. ^ Thompson, Deeson (2005-07-28). "'Memories of Murder': Worth Investigating". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  15. ^ Elley, Derek (2003-04-24). "Film Review: Memories of Murder". {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  16. ^ "2003". Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  17. ^ Cheong, Sung-il; Paquet, Darcy (2004). Korean Cinema 2003, Korean Film Commission. p.7.
  18. ^ "Memories of Murder (2003)". New Zealand International Film Festival. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  19. ^ "Memories of Murder (2003)". South Western International Film Festival. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  20. ^ "San Sebastián International Film Festival (2003)". IMDb. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  21. ^ "Quentin Tarantino's Favourite Movies from 1992 to 2009..." YouTube. 2011-04-04. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  22. ^ "한국영화 100년, 최고의 작품 '살인의 추억'". (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  23. ^ "30 great films of the 2000s". Sight & Sound. BFI.
  24. ^ "The 100 Best Films of the Aughts". Slant Magazine. 2010-02-07.
  25. ^ a b "Film Comment's End-of-the-Decade Critics' Poll". Film Comment.
  26. ^ "Memories of Murder Criterion Review: Bong Joon-Ho's Masterpiece, Restored". Film Inquiry. 2021-04-06. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  27. ^ "Unsolved murders may escape prosecution". 2006-03-02. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  28. ^ "DNA Evidence". The Dong-a Ilbo. 2006-01-21. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  29. ^ Lee Sun-young, (2005-11-23). Uri seeks extension of prosecution time limits, The Korea Herald.
  30. ^ "South Korean serial killer who inspired 'Memories of Murder' identified after 30 years". BNO News. 2019-09-18. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  31. ^ "Hwaseong serial murderer may have confessed as chances of parole dimmed". Yonhap News Agency. 2019-10-02. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  32. ^ "Police find suspect in 30-year-old Hwaseong serial murder case". Korea Herald. 2019-09-18. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  33. ^ "Suspect denies involvement in S. Korea's worst serial murder case". Yonhap News Agency. 2019-09-19. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  34. ^ 이춘재 "이런 날 올 줄 알았다"…살인 14건 포함 총 40여건 자백(종합2보) (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. 2019-10-02. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  35. ^ "Suspect in Hwaseong serial murder case confesses to killings: police". Yonhap News Agency. 2019-10-01. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  36. ^ Kwon, Jake; Hollingsworth, Julia (2019-10-04). "South Korean man confesses to a series of murders that stumped police for decades". CNN. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  37. ^ Yamato, Jen (2019-09-30). "Director Bong Joon Ho reacts to the ID of alleged 'Memories of Murder' serial killer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  38. ^ a b c d e f "Memories of Murder - Awards". Cinemasie. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  39. ^ Kim, June (2015-02-12). "Memories of Murder to Be Reborn as TV Series". Korean Film Biz Zone. Retrieved 2021-07-07.

External links[edit]