Flag of Moldova
|Use||National flag and ensign (Obverse shown)|
|Adopted||6 November 1990|
|Design||A vertical tricolour of blue, yellow and red; charged with the Coat of Arms centered on the yellow band.|
Variant flag of Moldova
|Adopted||28 March 1991 (?)|
|Design||A blue cloth, bearing a red cross within a larger yellow cross. On the front of the cloth, in the center, lies the Emblem of the National Army. The reverse of the flag has the chromatic layout and features in the center the army motto in golden letters: Romanian: "Pentru Onoare! Pentru Patrie! Pentru Tricolor!" (For Honour! For Country! For the Tricolour!)|
The state flag of Moldova is a vertical tricolour of blue, yellow, and red, charged with the coat of arms of Moldova (an eagle holding a shield charged with an aurochs) on the center bar. The obverse is mirrored. The flag ratio is 1:2. Until further provisions, the State Flag of Moldova is used as the national flag and ensign as well, that is, civil, state and war flag and ensign.
The blue, red, and yellow tricolor of Moldova is identical to the flag of Romania, reflecting the two countries' national and cultural affinity. On Moldova's flag the yellow stripe is charged with the national arms. Like the Romanian coat of arms, the Moldovan arms, adopted in 1990, features a dark golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian cross in its beak. Instead of a sword, the eagle is holding an olive branch, symbolizing peace. The blue and red shield on the eagle's chest is charged with the traditional symbols of Moldova: an aurochs' head, flanked by a rose in dexter and a crescent in sinister, and having a star between its horns, all of gold. These two national flags are also very similar to the flags of Chad and Andorra, which are all based on vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and red.
Until 2010, the colour shades of the Moldavian flag were not explicitly named. The Regulation regarding the flag stated that the colours of the flag must match the ones shown in the annex. Moldavian heraldist and vexillologist Silviu Andrieș-Tabac stated in an interview that in 1990, when the flag was being created, "it was taken into account that many countries have similar tricolour flags. As a result, it was decided to abandon the ultramarine blue, which is present on the Romanian flag, in favour of the emerald-blue, used on the mural paintings of Voroneț monastery...".
The French Album des pavillons nationaux et des marques distinctives (2000) by Armand du Payrat and Daniel Roudaut had suggested the following Pantone nuances, including those of the coat of arms: blue 549, yellow 143, red 186, green 340 and brown 464.
However, a new law from 2010 defined the colors of the flag as Berlin blue, chrome yellow and vermillon red. The exact matches, according to annex no. 2, are as follows:
In 2010 four new governmental standards, derived from the state flag, were established. The standard of the Minister of Defense has yet to be defined, its temporary replacement being the state flag. The other three standards, of the President, President of the Parliament and Prime Minister, are described as follows:
A square flag with the coat of arms of Moldova on center, whose aquila is golden (instead of dark gold, or brown). The flag has a border of squares, each one measuring 1⁄9 of the flag's width and following the pattern blue-yellow-red-yellow. The background of the flag is purple for the President, red for the President of the Parliament and blue for the Prime Minister.
The original flags are kept in their respective offices. Duplicates are hoisted on the official residences when the people entitled to them are inside; also on their respective cars.
Other governmental flags
Several governmental organizations have flags established by parliamentary or governmental decisions:
- The Department of Civil Defense and Exceptional Situations of Moldova
- The Customs of Moldova
- The Border Guard of Moldova
- The Information and Security Service of Moldova
- Principal State Inspectorate for Technical Supervising of Dangerous Industrial Objects
The flag of the National Army of the Republic of Moldova represents a unique military vexillologic insignia. It is the symbol of the military glory, of the tradition and continuity, honor and loyalty of the soldiers and officers to the country.
The cloth of the flag has the same chromatics as the state flag of the Republic of Moldova. Its partition reminds of the old Moldavian military flags, from 1834-1863. The red central cross reminds of Saint George, the patron and protector of the medieval Moldavian army. The motto "Pentru Onoare! Pentru Patrie! Pentru Tricolor!" represents the belief of the Moldovan soldiers.
The military colours of the Moldavian Army units consists of the state flag, measuring 825×1650 mm, with golden fringes and tassels, having the unit's battle cry inscribed on obverse, above the coat of arms, and the unit's name on reverse, below the coat of arms. The flag is fixed on a wooden rod, measuring 2500 mm, with a standard pole on top. Previous regulation, which hasn't been explicitly repealed in 2010, described the inscriptions on the flag as follows: on obverse, above the coat of arms, "PENTRU PATRIA NOASTRĂ" (For our Motherland), and below "REPUBLICA MOLDOVA" (Republic of Moldova); on reverse, above the coat of arms, the unit's name.
The military colours, as well as their regulations, are issued by decree of the President of Moldova.
The military colours of the units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs are reproducing the state flag, with golden fringes and tassels, having the motto "PENTRU PATRIE" (For Motherland) inscribed on obverse, above the coat of arms, and the text "MINISTERUL AFACERILOR INTERNE AL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA" (The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Moldova) on reverse, below the top margin. Also, on reverse, above the coat of arms, is inscribed the name of the unit, all letters being embroided with golden thread.
Since April 2010, the Flag Day of Moldova is celebrated on 27 April each year. On this day in 1990, the tricolor was officially adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR as the state flag of the country.
Wallachia and Moldova have, in the past, been partially united and culturally similar, as such the flags of Romania and Republic of Moldova are also similar.
Flag of the Principality of Moldavia, 1346–1859
Flag of the Moldavian Democratic Republic, 1917–1918
Flag of the Moldavian Congress (Sfatul Țării), 1917–1918
Military flag of Moldova, as part of the Kingdom of Romania (since 1918), with pre-1922 Royal Coat of Arms
Military flag of Moldova, as part of the Kingdom of Romania (1922-1940, 1941-1944)
Flag of the Moldavian ASSR, 1938
Flag of the Moldavian SSR, 1952–1990
Flag of the Moldavian SSR, 1990 (early prototype)
Flag of the Moldavian SSR / SSR Moldova, 1990 (without emblem)
Proposed flag by the Party of Communists of Moldova in order to replace the current flag
The current flag of Moldova was created in 1990, and is based on the national colors of Romanians, the blue-yellow-red tricolor. The reverse side differed from the Romanian flag in proportion, and by having a lighter blue.
The flag of Moldova was one of the national flags with differing obverse and reverse sides — the others being the flags of Paraguay. Although the reverse of the flag was officially stated as not containing any coat of arms, Moldovan flags with a coat of arms printed on the reverse were also used.
On 26 November 2010, a new law regarding the State Flag of Moldova became effective. One of the most important provisions has the reverse defined as a mirrored image of the obverse.
Flags of Subdivisions
Flag of Transnistria, de facto independent
- Coat of arms of Moldova
- Flag of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
- Flags whose reverse differs from the obverse
- List of flags of Moldova
- Flag of Transnistria
- Law no. 217 from 17 September 2010 regarding the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova
- flags.net, Flag of Republic of Moldova
- "Interview with Moldavian heraldist and vexillologist Silviu Andrieş Tabac, published in the daily newspaper "Vremea", 29 August 2003". Geraldika.ru. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- "Flag of Moldova at". Vexilla-mundi.com. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Governmental Decision no. 1107 from 30.09.2008 regarding the uniform and distinct insignia of the Department of Civil Defense and Exceptional Situations of Moldova
- Governmental Decision no. 554 from 16.06.1997 regarding the flag, ensign and insignia of the Customs
- Symbols of the Border Guard Service of Moldova Archived 2011-01-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Parliamentary Decision no. 452 from 30.07.2001 regarding the approval of the regulations regarding the flag and unique insignia of the Information and Security Service of Moldova
- Governmental Decision no. 177 from 11.03.2010 regarding the uniform and insignia of the Principal State Inspectorate for Technical Supervising of Dangerous Industrial Objects
- "The Flag of the Moldovan National Army at the Moldavian Ministry of Defence". Army.gov.md. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Law no. 217 from 17 September 2010 regarding the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, article 15.
- Parliamentary Decision no. 1010 from 08.04.1992 regarding the approval of the regulations regarding the military colors of the great units and military units of the Armed Forces
- Parliamentary Decision no. 1231 from 11.12.1992 regarding the approval of the regulations regarding the military colors of the departments, units, subunits and institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
- Parliamentary Decision regarding the establishment of the Flag Day
- "Drapelul de stat al Republicii Moldova" (in Romanian). The President of the Republic of Moldova. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Flags of Moldova.|
- Moldova at Flags of the World
- Law no. 217 from 17 September 2010 regarding the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova
- Parliamentary decision no. 17-XII from 12 May 1990 regarding the approval of the regulation regarding the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova (Moldovan Presidential website)
- (in Romanian) Vlad Mischevca, The National Tricolor. Introduction to vexilology in "Akademos", no. 2(17), June 2010.
- (in Russian) Flag of Moldova at www.vexillographia.ru