Flag of Bulgaria

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Bulgaria
Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Use Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 1879 (first adoption)
27 November 1990 (readoption)[1]
Design A horizontal tricolour of white, green and red.

The flag of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: знаме на България, [znamɛ nɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ], zname na Bǎlgariya) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The flag was first adopted after the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War, when Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the communist era. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.

History[edit]

After the liberation of Bulgaria following the Russo-Turkish War in 1878, the flag was described in the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879 as follows:

From 1946 until 1990 the emblem of the People's Republic of Bulgaria was placed on the left side of the white stripe. It contained a lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red star and above a ribbon bearing the date 9 September 1944, the day of Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944 which led to the establishment of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. In 1971, it was changed so the ribbon bearing the years 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh and 1944.

Following the fall of communism in 1990, the then-enforced Zhivkov Constitution was amended so the flag can be reverted to the pre-communism era.[3] The new Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991, describes the Bulgarian flag as follows:

A popular version of the flag, which has no official status, is also commonly known. It has the full coat of arms on the left of the flag, placed across the white and green fields only.[5]

Flag law[edit]

According to the Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria, promulgated on April 24, 1998:

Colours[edit]

According to the Standardisation and Metrology Committee, the following are the required colours for use in the national flag:

Colours of the Bulgarian flag[7]
Colour scheme White Green Red
Pantone textile scale[8] Whiteness greater than 80% 17-5936 ТСX[9] 18-1664 ТСX[10]
Pantone[8] Safe RAL 6024 RAL 3028
Web colours[8] #FFFFFF #00966E #D62612

Gallery[edit]

Standard of the President
Standard of the Prime Minister
Standard of the Tsar, used until 1946
Flag of Bulgaria (1946–1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1946–1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948–1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948–1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1967–1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1967–1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971–1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971–1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Bulgarian People's Army war flag. The motto in Bulgarian means "For the socialist motherland".
Bulgarian People's Army war flag. The motto in Bulgarian means "For the socialist motherland".
Current Bulgarian war flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s–mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Current Bulgarian war flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s–mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1879–1949)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1879–1949)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949–1954)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949–1954)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1954–1990)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1954–1990)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitney Smith. "Flag of Bulgaria". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-08. 
  2. ^ "Tarnovo Constitution of 1879" (in Bulgarian). Juridical Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  3. ^ "Understanding the Bulgarian Flag". Information Bulgaria. Retrieved 2017-12-08. 
  4. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  5. ^ Unofficial flag, taken from 2013 Bulgaria Summer Protests, Darik News, 26 June 2013, and unofficial flag, taken from Protests in Bulgaria: the unnoticed uprising, TheConversation.com, 24 Jun 2013. Both retrieved 27 Jun 2013.
  6. ^ "Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  7. ^ bg:Национално знаме на България
  8. ^ a b c Government of Bulgaria (2005). "Bulgaria's National Flag". Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  9. ^ https://www.pantone.com/color-finder/17-5936-TCX
  10. ^ https://www.pantone.com/color-finder/18-1664-TCX

External links[edit]