Flag of Croatia
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|Adopted||21 December 1990|
|Design||A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.|
|Designed by||Miroslav Šutej|
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
|Use||Civil and state ensign|
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.|
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.|
The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.
The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.
The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.
The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.
The following colours are specified for use in the flag:
|Pantone||186 C||Transparent white||Process Cyan C||Reflex Blue C||108 C||Process Black C|
Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia (1852–1868)
Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (1820–1918)
Civil Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868–1918)
Flag of the Banovina of Croatia (1939–1941)
Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945)
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (1947–1990)
Other official flags in Croatia
Standard of the President of the Republic of Croatia
Fans holding the Croatian flag during the 2011 Hungarian Grand Prix.
Athletes of Croatia entering during the opening ceremonies of the 2010 Winter Paralympics with the national flag.
Croatian flag raised in the European Parliament after accession in 2013.
The Croatian flag during the 2015 World Fencing Championships opening ceremony in Moscow.
- "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.
- Heimer, Željko. "Hrvatska-povijesne zastave". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Jelena Boršak-Marijanović, Zastave kroz stoljeća, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb, 1996, p. 110
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