Flag of Croatia
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|Adopted||21 December 1990|
|Design||A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.|
|Designed by||Miroslav Šutej|
|Use||Civil and state ensign|
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.|
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.|
The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.
The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow).
The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. After the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded and Croatia became the Independent State of Croatia, the crown was removed and a "U" was placed at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of the Croatian chequy was white. After Nazi Germany collapsed and the SFR Yugoslavia was created, Croatia's flag had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat of arms in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.
The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.
The following colours are specified for use in the flag:
|Pantone||186 C||Transparent white||Process Cyan C||Reflex Blue C||108 C||Process Black C|
The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R.
Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia since 1848. It was banned between 1852 and 1860
Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (1852-1860)
Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia (1852-1860)
Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (1852-1860)
Civil Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868–1918)
Flag of the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia with the coat of arms, for usage in autonomic affairs. (1868–1918)
Flag of the Banovina of Croatia (1939–1941)
Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945)
Flag of the People's Republic of Croatia (26 May 1945 – 18 January 1947)
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (18 January 1947 – 25 July 1990)
Other official flags in Croatia
Fans holding the Croatian flag during the 2011 Hungarian Grand Prix.
Athletes of Croatia entering during the opening ceremonies of the 2010 Winter Paralympics with the national flag.
Croatian flag raised in the European Parliament after accession in 2013.
The Croatian flag during the 2015 World Fencing Championships opening ceremony in Moscow.
In Crikvenica, fans gathered with the Croatian flag watching the home team playing Portugal during the 2016 Independence Day holiday.
- List of Croatian flags
- Coat of arms of Croatia
- Flag of Yugoslavia
- Flag of the Netherlands
- Flag of Paraguay
- ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- ^ "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.
- ^ Heimer, Željko. "Hrvatska-povijesne zastave". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- ^ Jelena Boršak-Marijanović, Zastave kroz stoljeća, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb, 1996, p. 110