Flag of Croatia
|Name||Trobojnica (The Tricolor)|
|Adopted||21 December 1990|
|Design||A horizontal tricolor of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the center.|
|Designed by||Miroslav Šutej|
|Variant flag of Croatia|
|Use||Civil and state ensign|
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.|
|Variant flag of Croatia|
|Design||Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.|
The flag combines the colors of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (white and blue) and the Kingdom of Dalmatia (red and blue). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.
The red-white-blue tricolor has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colors are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of SFR Yugoslavia its tricolor was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.
The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia.
The following colors are specified for use in the flag:
|Pantone||186 C||transparent white||Process Cyan C||Reflex Blue C||108 C||Process Black C|
Kingdom of Croatia (1848)
Kingdom of Croatia (1852-1860)
Flag of Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868-1918)
Flag of Banate of Croatia (1939-1941)
Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945)
Flag of Socialist Republic of Croatia (1945-1990)
Other official flags in Croatia
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