Igor Dodon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Igor Dodon
Igor Dodon (01.2017; cropped).jpg
Dodon in 2017
5th President of Moldova
Assumed office
23 December 2016
Prime MinisterPavel Filip
Maia Sandu
Preceded byNicolae Timofti
First Deputy Prime Minister of Moldova
In office
31 March 2008 – 14 September 2009
PresidentVladimir Voronin
Mihai Ghimpu (acting)
Prime MinisterZinaida Greceanîi
Preceded byZinaida Greceanîi
Succeeded byIurie Leancă
Minister of Economy and Trade
In office
18 September 2006 – 14 September 2009
PresidentVladimir Voronin
Mihai Ghimpu (acting)
Prime MinisterZinaida Greceanîi
Preceded byValeriu Lazăr
Succeeded byValeriu Lazăr
Personal details
Born
Igor Nikolayevich Dodon

(1975-02-18) 18 February 1975 (age 44)
Sadova, Moldavian SSR, Soviet Union (now Moldova)
Political partyParty of Communists (2010–2011)
Party of Socialists (2011–2016)
Independent (2016–present)
Spouse(s)Galina Dodon (1999–present)
Children3
EducationAgricultural State University of Moldova
WebsiteOfficial website

Igor Dodon[a] (pronounced [ˈiɡor doˈdon]; born 18 February 1975) is a Moldovan politician who has been the President of Moldova since 23 December 2016, though his powers and duties have been temporarily suspended by the Constitutional Court since 9 June 2019. Previously, he was the leader of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova. He served as Minister of Trade and Economics in the governments of Vasile Tarlev and Zinaida Greceanîi from September 2006 to September 2009 and was a member of the Parliament of Moldova from 2009 to 2016.

Early and personal life[edit]

Igor Dodon was born on 18 February 1975 in Sadova village in the Călărași District of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to Nikolai (died 2012[3]) and Galina Dodon.

Studies and didactic activity[edit]

He graduated from the Faculty of Economics of the State Agrarian University of Moldova (1997) and then the Factulty of Management from the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova (1998). Then, he graduated from the Faculty of Law in economics at the International Management Institute. He obtained the scientific title of Doctor in Economic Sciences at the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova, the Department of Banks and Stock Exchanges.[4] In parallel with the basic activity, during 1997-2005, Igor Dodon carries the pedagogical activity.[5] This is where he would meet his wife Galina in May 1995.[6] Thus, he holds the positions of assistant lecturer at the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova (Banks and Stock Exchanges Department), senior lecturer at the Free International University of Moldova (Banks and Stock Exchanges Department), the International Institute of Management (Finance Department) and the State University of Moldova. Igor Dodon is also a member Examination Committees at the university graduation exames within ULIM and IIM.

Personal life[edit]

Besides his wife, Dodon has three children who are all boys.[7][8] His oldest son Vladislav (Vlad) is a passionate player of water polo.[9] His brother Aleksander is a co-owner alongside Igor Chaika (son of Yuri Chaika, Prosecutor General of Russia) of the Industrial Ecological Operator company which deals with waste.[10]

Aside from his native Romanian, he also speaks Russian, French, and English, however has only used the latter two in public interviews.[11] He is considered to be a good friend of Colonel General Victor Gaiciuc, who is currently one of his adviser and someone who he had proposed for the position of defense minister following his rejection of Eugen Sturza to the office.[12] He is a supporter of the Union of Officers of Moldova, where he holds the honorary rank of Major of the Reserve.[13]

On 9 September 2018, Dodon was involved in a car accident on the Chisinau-Călărași highway.[14] Although Dodon wasn't injured himself, his mother and his middle son Nicolae sustained serious injuries.[15][16] His accident came hours after Abkhazian Prime Minister Gennadi Gagulia was killed in a car accident in the Abkhazian city of Myussera.

Profesional career[edit]

After graduating from educational institutions, since July 1997 Igor Dodon has been employed at the Moldovan Stock Exchange. Thus, between 1997-2001 he works as senior specialist of the Clearing Department, of the Listing Department, administrator of the Electronic Trading Systems and then, Director of the Marketing, Listing Department within the Moldovan Stock Exchange. Between November 2001 and May 2005, he served as chairman and member of the Board of Directors of the National Depository of Securities of Moldova SA. From September 2002 to May 2005 he was the chairman of the Universal Commodity Exchange of Moldova. Between February 2003 - May 2005, Igor Dodon is a member of the expert committee to the National Securities Commission of Moldova. Also, between March 2004 - May 2005, he is also a member of the Arbitration Commission of the Stock Exchange. He publishes scientific articles in scientific journals, being the editor of the Newsletter "Stock Exchange of Moldova" and of the Stock Market Bulletin of the Universal Commodities Exchange "Stock Exchange - Stock market quotations".[17]

Political career (2005-2016)[edit]

Laying wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow.

Dodon was appointed to the post of Associate Minister of Trade and Economics in May 2005, during the second Tarlev Cabinet. He assumed the position of Minister of Trade and Economics in September 2006. He held the position until September 2009, when the government of Zinaida Greceanîi ended. Dodon also held the post of Associate Prime Minister under Greceanîi from 2008 until 2009.[18][19]

In 2005, the PCRM also had won the elections[20] having an open pro-European platform, with a pro-European slogan "I Vote", where the European stars surrendered the hammer and sickle on the red Communist wallpaper.[21]

In 2007, a trend for all political forces was to adopt a pro-European platform for the elections in 2009. In this regard, Igor Dodon, during his work trips to Brussels, had assured the high rank European officials on how he and an entire Communist party were pro-European.[22]

In September 2009, after 8 years of governing, the Communist Party came into opposition. Igor Dodon has lost the Minister position. He became an MP in the Parliament, which was reelected in November 2010. He had the 6th position in the PCRM list of the candidates.[23] The Communists has changed the European vector, and in 2010 they drifted to east, and self-declared as pro-Russians.[24]

Igor Dodon, in only a year, since 2009 by 2010, became a convinced pro Moldovan – no Europe, neither Russia. "Moldova can become a contact point for different countries; an area where first of all will interfere the economic interests of our neighbors and partners. We are in a very advantageous position in terms of the common interest of CIS and EU and this objective shall become an issue of the external policy."[25]

Local elections in Chișinău, 2011[edit]

In June 2011, Dodon lost to Dorin Chirtoacă at the elections for mayor of Chișinău. He took 49.4% of the votes.[26] The local elections have been an occasion for the Communist Party to return to power, at the least at the local authority level. During the election campaign, Igor Dodon went to Brussels where he had meetings with the European officials[27] in order to establish the potential partnerships: "I am at the working trip in Brussels, where I have several meetings in my agenda, including with the Mayors of some big towns of Belgium, with the acting Prime Minister of Belgium and some high rank officials of the European Commission".[28]

Inside the PCRM, an internal fight had existed between Igor Dodon and Mark Tkaciuk. Dodon has had some separate opinion on some policy issues. This independence had raised some fears from Tkaciuk side, and Dodon was considered a social threat. Dodon has shown that he had an internal support, from some rayon committees of the party. An independent position of Igor Dodon, his rating within the party and in the society, his political ambitions in overtaking the power, first of the Mayor Office and then, in PCRM – all this were interpreted by Tkaciuk as a threat, the fact that made him to speed up and force the actions that led to marginalization of Dodon in PCRM, by misinforming methods in order to prevent him to be delegated at the position of the Mayor of the Capital.[29][30]

Activity within PSRM[edit]

In November 2011, Dodon left the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) citing hopes that a deal could be worked out with the ruling Alliance for European Integration to elect a president and end a constitutional crisis that had dragged on since the resignation of Vladimir Voronin in 2009.[31] Greceanîi and Veronica Abramciuc left at the same time.[32][33] "Our decision has a common and complex goal: to avoid early elections, the elections of the president of the country, reshaping of the government and political and social stability. This is the society wish, and this is what the Republic of Moldova is needed – a stability and the economic development once and for all… We left the PCRM in order to cut the "Gordian knot" of the hate and distrust which for the last two years made impossible any constitutional decision needed for the Republic of Moldova stability" Igor Dodon has declared.[34]

On 18 December 2011, Dodon joined the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) and, at the Xth Congress of PSRM, he was elected chairman of the party.[35][36]

Dodon with Vadim Krasnoselsky.

On 16 March 2012, three former communists (Dodon, Greceanîi and Abramciuc) voted for the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) candidate Nicolae Timofti as President of Moldova. Later, Dodon stated that he regretted his vote for Timofti.[37][38]

After he was elected as the President of Moldova, due to specifics of Moldovan law, Dodon resigned as PSRM chairman and left the party, being replaced by Zinaida Greceanîi as interim leader.[39]

Presidency (2016-present)[edit]

Dodon in Baku, Azerbaijan in June 2017.

Dodon was sworn in on December 23, 2016 in the Palace of the Republic.[40] Among the honoured guests included Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin, Belarusian Deputy Prime Minister Mikhail Rusy and Hungarian Deputy Prime Minister Zsolt Semjén.[41] Three days later, the flag of the European Union that was hanging next to the Moldovan flag was removed from the building of the Moldovan presidential administration. On January 4, 2017, in the Dodon met with the President of the breakaway republic of Transnistria Vadim Krasnoselsky. This meeting was the first meeting of the leaders of Moldova and Transnistria in 8 years.[42] In 2018, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko was the first foreign head of state to meet Dodon in Moldova.[43] Dodon has also acted to make the Russian language mandatory in Moldovan schools.[44]

On May 5, 2018, Dodon announced a campaign, which would bring legislation into parliament, which would transition Moldova from a parliamentary republic to a presidential republic.[45] According to the polls carried out in 2019 related to the most respected politicians of the Republic of Moldova, Igor Dodon enjoys the highest trust, ranking first among politicians in which Moldovans have the highest trust.[46][47][48][49][50][51] In the early years of his presidency, steps were taken to renovate the Presidential Palace in Condrița with the help of the Turkish government. Some of the renovations included a play ground for Dodon's young children and a wine cellar.[52] The renovated palace was opened on 17 October 2018 by Dodon and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan.[53]

Dodon attending the 2018 FIFA World Cup Final in July 2018.

On 16 October 2018 Dodon declared that his country would be prepared to host a Pan-Orthodox Council, where the situation with the Ukraine autocephaly and the Moscow–Constantinople schism should be discussed. He also said that "Moldova will remain a canonical territory of the Moscow Patriarchate."[54][55][56] In early 2019, President Dodon ordered a National Coordination Committee to plan national events and celebrations dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Liberation of Moldova in the Jassy–Kishinev Offensive. The events would include the restoration or reconstruction of monuments and military graves and the filming of a documentary on the offensive.[57] At the same time, Dodon presided over the celebrations of the 660th anniversary of Moldovan statehood in early February.

Dodon with Sergey Shoygu in August 2019.

During the 2019 Moldovan constitutional crisis, Dodon was temporarily relieved of the powers and duties of the presidency by a Moldovan court because of the reluctance to dissolve the parliament as mandated by the Constitutional Court of Moldova in a previous ruling and replaced by the former prime minister Pavel Filip as the acting president of the country.[58]

In late October, he met with Transnistrian President Krasnoselsky at his residence in Holercani ahead of the Bavaria Conference, scheduled for November 4-5.[59]

Suspensions[edit]

On 17 October 2017, the Constitutional Court of Moldova decided that Dodon is temporarily unable to perform his duties for failing to swear in proposed Defence Minister Eugen Sturza.[60]

On 2 January 2018, the Constitutional Court of Moldova decided that Dodon is temporarily unable to perform his duties for failing to swear in a number of seven ministers.[61]

Several days later the Constitutional Court once again temporarily suspended Dodon, due to his veto on a bill on restricting Russian news broadcasts. This allowed the parliament to bypass his veto and enact a law restricting Russian television broadcasts.[62] The law bans television channels from broadcasting news and analytical programs from countries that have not signed the regional agreement for the European Broadcasting Area, such as Russia.[62]

On September 24, 2019, he was again suspended from his duties for not approving the candidate for Minister of Health.[63][64]

Foreign policy[edit]

Surrounding countries[edit]

In January 2017 Dodon stated that Moldova would not officially recognize Crimea as Russian, stressing that "we need to build friendships with Ukraine, we need to solve the Transnistrian problem."[65] In September of that year, Ambassador of Ukraine to Moldova Ivan Hnatyshyn stated that he does not exepct a visit to Kiev by Dodon becaues he "doesn’t respect the territorial integrity of my country".[66][67] During a meeting with Bulgarian President Rumen Radev, Dodon reiterated that the Gagauz city of Taraclia, which is inhabited by ethnic Bulgarians, will not be affected his government's planned territorial administrative reform.[68]

As of September 2019, Dodon has never undertaken an official visit to the Romanian capital of Bucharest. In March, he announced his belief that Romanians who support the Unification of Romania and Moldova as the country's "number one enemy", going further in an interview with Radio Free Europe by saying that the Bucharest government supports any attempt at unionism.[69][70] During a meeting with President Klaus Iohannis in New York City, Dodon told his Romanian counterpart that the development of Romanian relations was a "key priority" for his government.[71][72]

Russia[edit]

Igor Dodon is considered a pro-Russian politician and in favor of the federalization of Moldova, which is in line with the views of Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Kozak and his 2003 Kozak memorandum.[73][74] In late September 2019, months after the Constitutional Crisis, Dodon states that the country had abandoned its anti-Russian stance through its partnership with the Party of Action and Solidarity led by Prime Minister Maia Sandu.[75]

Other countries[edit]

Speaking in Comrat in August 2018 when referencing the country's allies, Dodon said "we have friends who are close to Gagauzia, and I believe to Moldova, as well, they are Russia and Turkey."[76] In December 2018, following his state visit to Israel, he reportedly said that he is considering moving the Moldovan embassay from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.[77]

Position on Transnistria[edit]

Dodon has regularly changed his stance on the future of Transnistria. At the beginning of his presidency, he suggested that Moldova be federalized. Currently, Dodon believes that the region should receive autonomous status like Gagauzia. In regards to the withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers, Dodon supports the Moldovan parliament on this issue.[78]

Foreign visits[edit]

His first two international visits were to Moscow, and Brussels.[79][80] Since he took office in December 2016 he has made 47 foreign visits to 19 different countries, with 20 of those visits being to Russia.[81] In late October 2019, he visited Istanbul to attend the opening ceremony of Istanbul Airport as well as the ceremony for the Turkish Republic's 95th anniversary.[82] In February and September 2019 respectively, he attended the Munich Security Conference in Germany[83] and the Seventy-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York City both for the first time.[84] During the UN visit, he referred to his attendance as "a successful one" during which he and his delegation "were able to promote the interests and aspirations of the Republic of Moldova on the international arena".[85] He attended the 2018 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Moscow in June 2018[86] and the 2019 European Games in Minsk just over a year later.[87] In October 2018, He attended a summit of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie in Yerevan where he delivered a speech in the French language.[88]

State Visits hosted by Dodon in Chisinau[edit]

Country Leader Date(s) Notes
 Belarus Alexander Lukashenko April 2018
 Macedonia Gjorge Ivanov July 16-18 2018 [89]
 Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan October 17-18 2018 [90]
 Russia Vladimir Putin Potentially in late 2019 [91]
 Bulgaria Rumen Radev 2020 [92]

Controversies[edit]

The proposed flag for Moldova by PCRM and PSRM

The Flag proposed for Moldova by PCRM and PSRM[edit]

In 2010, the Party of Communists (PCRM) started promoting a new official flag for Moldova.[93] In March 2012, Igor Dodon and the Party of Socialists (PSRM) invited PCRM to initiate a referendum to change the national flag of Moldova from the original tricolour (similar to Romania's, except charged with Moldova's coat of arms) to a red-blue bicolor flag.[94][95] The proposed flag is considered by the Academy of Sciences of Moldova as a "pure political invention".[93]

Igor Dodon and Vladimir Putin, 2017

In November 2012, Dodon posted on his Facebook profile a photo that shows him wearing clothes printed with a patch of the Russian flag, which was criticized as a sign of Dodon's alleged Russophilia.[96]

Position related to the annexation of Crimea by Russian Federation[edit]

In October 2016, during the presidential election campaign, Igor Dodon affirmed that Crimea, the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine, "is a territory of the Russian Federation".[97][98]

Expulsion of the Turkish professors[edit]

In September 2018, seven Turkish teachers, from the "Horizont" High School administration have been declared undesirable by the competent bodies and expelled from country. Due to this, on June 11, 2019, the European Court of Human Rights condemned the Republic of Moldova, and imposed the Republic of Moldova government to pay 25 thousand Euro to five of the seven Turkish citizens.[99][100]

Opposition leaders accused President Igor Dodon and the Democratic Party of Moldova, the ruling party, of intentional violations of law and human rights in order to gain benefits from Ankara authorities, including the renovation of the Presidency building from Turkey's money.[101] The "Our Party" municipal councilor Ilan Cașu considered that this SIS’s operation was the President Dodon payment for the renovation of the Presidency building that was renovated with Turkish money. Previously, before coming to power, the ACUM’s block position was based on the fact that behind the Turkish teachers "expel" would be Igor Dodon. The PAS’s statement, published on the party's Facebook page, was mentioned, "For money designed to the renovation of the Presidency building and for the other goods procurement, the human rights are violated in Moldova and this is inadmissible". The leader of the Dignity and Truth Platform Party, Andrei Năstase, the current Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Internal Affairs compared the SIS with the NKVD. In his opinion, the workers of this institution have acted on the command of the leader of the Democratic Party Vladimir Plahotniuc and of the president Dodon. However, their position changed after the establishment of the Parliamentary majority with PSRM. The chairman of the National Security Commission and the MP of the Dignity and Truth Platform, Chiril Moțpan, who is investigating the expel of Turkish teachers, claimed that the president had no attribution to this case.[102][103]

Negotiation of June 8-9, 2019[edit]

On 7 June 2019, at the Democratic Party headquarter, according to Andrian Candu, the President Igor Dodon has negotiated with Vladimir Plahotniuc the conditions of establishing the coalition between PSRM and DP.[104] Andrian Candu has announced only some "criteria for creating the coalition". According to him, the socialists have asked for federalization of the Republic of Moldova and providing the special statute to the Transnistrian region, launching the negotiation among Republic of Moldova, European Union and Russian Federation on trade policy, changing the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, and the election of the President of the Republic of Moldova by the Parliament.[105][106]

In 8 June 2019, before the Meeting of Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, the temporary coalition ACUM-PSRM was established,[107] Dodon has declared that there were some pressure on him to tender the resignation, anticipating the appearance of some compromising videos.[108][109]

Later, after the statements made by the Andrian Candu, deputy head of the DPM, some videos have apperead at the Publika TV, one of the TV posts owned by the democratic party leader, where Igor Dodon has confirmed to Vlad Plahotniuc, that he has received the money from Russian Federation on monthly basis for PSRM maintenance,[110][111] and also about presentation of federalisation plan of the Republic of Moldova coordinated with Russian Federation.[112][113][114][115][116] The President Igor Dodon has recognized that the negotiations took place to establishing the majority, the discussion at which has participated the businessman Serghei Iaralov.[117] Regarding the videos that have appeared in public space he has declared that "All these, and some of them are ripped out of context or were montages."[118][119] Vladimir Plahotniuc has confirmed the fact that negotiated with Igor Dodon within 3 months period: "The coalition DP+PSRM was almost made, but failed, because I refused to sign for the country federalization".[120][121]

Accusations and denunciations against Igor Dodon[edit]

In November 2014, the socialist politician of Russian ethnicity Valentin Crîlov [ro] accused Igor Dodon of being an "instrument of scenarios that would cause 'bloodshed' in Moldova", and labeled the Party of Socialists as "being in the service of another country" such as Russia. He also accused the party of becoming a threat to the "stability, peace and the very existence" of the Republic of Moldova and its extraordinarily large base of financial resources — the origin of which bear "reasonable doubt".[122][123]

On August 29, 2017, the criminal complaint against Igor Dodon was submitted by Maia Sandu at the General Prosecutor's Office, by which was requested the criminal liability for Igor Dodon for committing the offense of Treason against the State and for the crime related to Instigation to hate, differentiating and division by national, ethnical, racial and religious criteria.[124][125][126]

The Party of National Unity has filed a criminal complaint at the General Prosecutor's Office against President Igor Dodon. On August 8, 2019, at the press conference with the topic "Presentation of the criminal complaint against Igor Dodon. Arguments and facts" the criminal complaint was presented by Anatol Șalaru, the executive president of the party, an MP in the first Parliament of the Republic of Moldova and the deputy-president of the Liberal Party. The reason serves the video tape that reflected the discussions held among Igor Dodon and former PD leader Vladimir Plahotniuc, which appeared in the press in June 2019.[127][128][129]

In October 2019, Octavian Țîcu requested to be established the investigation Committee “to investigate the actions treason committed by Igor Dodon”. [130] The Bloc “ACUM”s MPs, Iurie Reniță and Lilian Carp, have joined these initiative. [131]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Unofficially also with patronymic as Igor Nicolaevici Dodon (pronounced [ˌnikolaˈe.vitʃʲ]), as a Romanianization of the full former Soviet (Russian) name.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Separatismul lui Dodon, scos la suprafață de consilierul său - VOXPUBLIKA". VOXPUBLIKA (in Romanian). 2015-03-25. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Cotul Dodonului. Ziua în care Basarabia a ales un președinte pro-rus". PressOne. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  3. ^ PUBLIKA.MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE. "Great joy in Sadova, native village of newly elected president Dodon | PUBLIKA .MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE". en.publika.md. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Обо мне « Igor Dodon". Web.archive.org. 2010-12-31. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  5. ^ "BIOGRAFIE: Igor Dodon, un politician prorus care se declară promotor al valorilor tradiţionale". Mediafax.ro. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  6. ^ "FOTO Cum arăta Igor Dodon la 24 de ani, în ziua nunţii sale". m.adevarul.ro. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Dupa 3 baieti, mai vrea si... fete. Igor Dodon si-a adus baietelul si sotia acasa" (in Romanian). PRO TV.
  8. ^ "Ce frumos! Uite ce DECLARATIE de DRAGOSTE i-a facut Igor Dodon sotiei" (in Romanian). Actualitati.md.
  9. ^ http://ea.md/fiul-presedintelui-tarii-vladislav-dodon-tata-m-a-indrumat-sa-fac-polo-pe-apa/
  10. ^ https://en.crimerussia.com/oligarchs/brother-of-moldavia-s-president-becomes-igor-chaika-s-partner-at-dumping-business/
  11. ^ "Biography of President of the Republic of Moldova Igor Dodon". presedinte.md.
  12. ^ "Victor Gaiciuc, propunerea nepotistă a lui Dodon pentru șefia Ministerului Apărării ~ InfoPrut". Infoprut.ro. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  13. ^ https://warsawinstitute.org/igor-dodon-surrounds-anti-eu-forces/
  14. ^ Moldovan President Igor Dodon hurt after being run off road in crash with truck, Associated Press/ ABC News Online, 2018-09-10
  15. ^ ȘTIRILE, PUBLIKA.MD - AICI SUNT (2018-09-09). "Președintele Igor Dodon, implicat într-un grav accident de circulație. Imaginile cu MOMENTUL ACCIDENTULUI". PUBLIKA.MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  16. ^ "Додон госпитализирован после ДТП". Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Igor Dodon (PSRM) - date biografice", Radio Europa Liberă, retrieved August 24, 2019
  18. ^ "Профессия « Igor Dodon". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Biography of President of the Republic of Moldova Igor Dodon", Presedinte.md/eng/biography, retrieved July 8, 2019
  20. ^ "Informaţii generale despre alegerile parlamentare 2005 în Moldova / Alegeri 2005", E-democracy.md/elections/parliamentary/2005/info/, retrieved July 8, 2019
  21. ^ "Partidul Comuniştilor din Republica Moldova (PCRM) (45.98%, 56 mandate) / Alegeri 2005", E-democracy.md/elections/parliamentary/2005/opponents/pcrm/, retrieved July 8, 2019
  22. ^ "Ministrul Igor Dodon va avea un sir de intrevederi cu oficiali ai Comisiei Europene — Moldova.org", Moldova.org, March 23, 2007, retrieved July 8, 2019
  23. ^ "Lista candidaţilor PCRM pentru alegerile parlamentare 2010 / Alegeri 2010", E-democracy.md/elections/parliamentary/2010/opponents/pcrm/list/, retrieved July 8, 2019
  24. ^ E-democracy.md/files/elections/parliamentary2010/electoral-program-pcrm-2010-ro.pdf (PDF) http://www.e-democracy.md/files/elections/parliamentary2010/electoral-program-pcrm-2010-ro.pdf, retrieved July 8, 2019 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ "Moldova – moldoveni – moldovenesc", Dodon.md/moldova-moldoveni-moldovenesc/, retrieved July 8, 2019
  26. ^ Politic Versiune pentru tipar. "CEC a anunţat rezultatele finala la Chişinău - Moldova Azi". Azi.md. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  27. ^ "Igor Dodon se intilneste astazi cu prim-ministrul Belgiei", Point.md, retrieved July 8, 2019
  28. ^ "DECLARATIA LUI IGOR DODON FACUTA IN CADRUL VIZITEI SALE LA BRUXELLES", YouTube, retrieved July 8, 2019
  29. ^ "Tkaciuk îl sabotează pe DODON ?", Timpul - Ştiri din Moldova, retrieved July 8, 2019
  30. ^ "INTERNATIONAL:Cine este Igor Dodon, posibilul nou primar al Chisinăului", Ziaruldevrancea.ro, retrieved July 8, 2019
  31. ^ "Трое на выход". Interfax.ru. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  32. ^ "Party defections could let Moldova name president - World". Reuters. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  33. ^ "(video) Dodon, Greceanîi și Abramciuc părăsesc fracțiunea PCRM și sunt gata să voteze președintele țării". Unimedia.md. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  34. ^ "Dodon și Zinaida Greceanîi pleacă din PCRM", Adevărul, November 4, 2011, retrieved July 8, 2019
  35. ^ "Игорь Додон стал членом Партии социалистов". News.mail.ru. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  36. ^ "(UPDATE) Игорь Додон избран председателем Партии социалистов". Ru.publika.md. 18 December 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  37. ^ 62 de deputați l-au votat pe N. Timofti. Urmează decizia de VALIDARE a Curții Constituționale. TIMPUL. 16 martie 2012
  38. ^ Dodon regretă că l-a votat pe Timofti în calitate de președinte. UNIMEDIA.info. 22 martie 2013
  39. ^ Decis! Igor Dodon nu mai este președinte al PSRM. Zinaida Greceanîi va deține interimatul, unimedia.info
  40. ^ "Молдова: выиграл Додон, победил Плахотнюк - Рабкор.ру". Rabkor.ru. 17 November 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  41. ^ https://ru.sputnik.md/amp/politics/20161223/10477526/dodon-moldova-inauguracija-prezident-biografija-programma.html
  42. ^ "Впервые за восемь лет состоялась встреча лидеров Молдавии и Приднестровья. Новости. Первый канал". 1tv.ru. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  43. ^ "Igor Dodon îl așteaptă în vizită pe președintele din Belarus, Aliaxandr Lukașenka". Radio Europa Liberă. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  44. ^ "Russian should be mandatory in schools, says Moldovan president". 27 March 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  45. ^ "Transition to presidential republic to be initiated in Moldova soon". Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  46. ^ "Top trei politicieni în care moldovenii au cea mai mare încredere – sondaj", noi.md, retrieved February 13, 2019
  47. ^ "Sondaj BOP: Cei mai apreciați politicieni din Republica Moldova", UNIMEDIA, retrieved February 13, 2019
  48. ^ "Sondaj: Cine sunt politicienii în care moldovenii au cea mai mare încredere", stiri.md, retrieved February 13, 2019
  49. ^ "SONDAJ: Igor Dodon şi Pavel Filip se bucură de cea mai mare încredere din partea populaţiei", TVR MOLDOVA, retrieved February 13, 2019
  50. ^ "SONDAJ // Câte mandate de deputat ar obține PSRM, "ACUM" și PD în cricumscripția națională: Partidul Șor, la limită. Cei mai mulți respondenți optează pentru vectorul "Pro Moldova"", Ziarulnational.md/sondaj-cate-mandate-de-deputat-ar-obtine-psrm-acum-si-pd-in-cricumscriptia-nationala-partidul-sor-la-limita/, retrieved February 13, 2019
  51. ^ "Partidele care ar ajunge in legislativ daca duminica viitoare ar avea loc alegeri parlamentare. Top trei politicieni care se bucura de cea mai mare incredere. Sondaj iData", protv.md, retrieved February 13, 2019
  52. ^ https://balkaninsight.com/2017/07/27/moldova-president-gives-tour-of-summer-residence-07-27-2017/
  53. ^ http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/erdogan-will-visit-moldova-after-turkish-professors-recent-expulsion-09-25-2018
  54. ^ "Moldova's president says his country is ready to host Pan-Orthodox Council". TASS. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  55. ^ "President Dodon proposes holding pan-Orthodox Council in Moldova". OrthoChristian.Com. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  56. ^ Додон предложил провести Всеправославный собор на территории Молдавии. РИА Новости (in Russian). 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  57. ^ http://a-tv.md/md/index.php?newsid=52934
  58. ^ Williams, Matthias (9 June 2019). "Pro-Russian Candidate Leads Moldova Presidential Vote but Faces Runoff". Reuters. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  59. ^ http://president.md/rom/presa/igor-dodon-a-avut-o-intrevedere-cu-vadim-krasnoselski
  60. ^ "Moldova president may be suspended for not naming minister". ABC News. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  61. ^ Moldova, Constitutional Court of the Republic of (2 January 2018). "News /". Constcourt.md. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  62. ^ a b "Moldovan leader's powers suspended to enact Russian TV curbs". Reuters. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  63. ^ "Moldova strips country's pro-Russia president of his powers". The Independent. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  64. ^ "Igor Dodon, deconectat a patra oară din funcția de președinte", DW.COM, retrieved August 27, 2019
  65. ^ (in Ukrainian) In Moldova, now no one will go to Russian recognition of Crimea - Dodon, Ukrayinska Pravda (17 January 2017)
  66. ^ https://www.unian.info/politics/amp-2158414-ukrainian-envoy-to-moldova-tells-why-president-dodons-visit-not-expected-in-kyiv.html
  67. ^ https://uawire.org/ukrainian-ambassador-to-moldova-president-dodon-is-not-welcome-to-visit-ukraine-due-to-his-anti-ukrainian-position
  68. ^ https://m.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=200359
  69. ^ https://moldova.europalibera.org/a/valentina-ursu-in-dialog-cu-igor-dodon-partea-a-treia/29109939.html
  70. ^ https://www.romania-insider.com/igor-dodon-romanians-enemy-unionist-movement
  71. ^ https://www.urdupoint.com/en/world/romanian-leader-calls-on-dodon-to-prevent-fed-722039.html
  72. ^ https://balkaninsight.com/2019/09/26/romania-opposes-federal-solution-to-moldovas-transnistria-problem/
  73. ^ Higgins, Andrew (30 October 2016). "Pro-Russian Candidate Leads Moldova Presidential Vote but Faces Runoff". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  74. ^ "Moldova presidential election appears headed to runoff". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  75. ^ https://balkaninsight.com/2019/09/23/dodon-says-moldova-has-abandoned-its-anti-russian-stance/
  76. ^ https://www.rferl.org/amp/dodon-gagauzia-moldova-romania-reunification/28686789.html
  77. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/moldova-president-said-to-very-seriously-consider-moving-embassy-to-jerusalem/amp/
  78. ^ "Is it worthy ceding Transnistria to "neutral" Moldova?: EADaily". Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  79. ^ "17 января состоятся переговоры Владимира Путина с Президентом Молдовы Игорем Додоном". Kremlin.ru. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  80. ^ "Moldovan president meets European Commission Vice President". Prm.md. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  81. ^ https://balkaninsight.com/2019/07/24/moscows-man-eyes-second-term-as-moldovas-president/
  82. ^ http://www.romaniatv.net/mobi/igor-dodon-in-turcia-de-ziua-nationala-a-acestei-tari_445255.html
  83. ^ http://tass.com/world/1044996/amp
  84. ^ http://president.md/rus/presa/presedintele-republicii-moldova-intreprinde-o-vizita-de-lucru-in-statele-unite-ale-americii
  85. ^ http://president.md/rom/presa/presedintele-republicii-moldova-si-a-incheiat-vizita-la-new-york
  86. ^ http://tass.com/sport/1009268/amp
  87. ^ http://president.md/rus/presa/igor-dodon-a-urat-succes-echipei-nationale-olimpice-a-republicii-moldova-la-jocurile-europene-de-la-minsk
  88. ^ https://news.am/eng/news/451130.html
  89. ^ http://www.focus-fen.net/news/2018/07/16/432444/ipn-igor-dodon-to-meet-with-gjorge-ivanov-in-chisinau.html
  90. ^ http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/erdogan-will-visit-moldova-after-turkish-professors-recent-expulsion-09-25-2018
  91. ^ https://noi.md/ru/politika/putin-nameren-posetiti-moldovu
  92. ^ http://www.focus-fen.net/news/2019/09/24/441824/president-rumen-radev-reassured-by-his-moldovan-counterpart-that-special-status-of-taraclia-district-populated-by-ethnic-bulgarians-will-be-maintained.html
  93. ^ a b „Steagul lui Ştefan ce Mare”, o nouă invenţie propagandistică promovată de PCRM (in Romanian)
  94. ^ Socialiștii doresc referendum pentru a schimba „tricolorul românesc” și așteaptă susținerea comuniștilor (in Romanian)
  95. ^ "Igor Dodon vrea REFERENDUM pentru a SCHIMBA steagul tricolor al R. Moldova". Timpul - Știri din Moldova.
  96. ^ "HotNews.md / Istorii din MD / FOTO - Igor Dodon în ipostaze ȘOCANTE". hotnews.md.
  97. ^ Dodon: Crimeea este teritoriu al Federației Ruse at timpul.md (in Romanian)
  98. ^ "Moldovan presidential race leader says Crimea "Russian"". Unian.info. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  99. ^ "CEDO condamnă R.Moldova pentru expulzarea profesorilor turci", Radio Europa Liberă, retrieved August 27, 2019
  100. ^ "CtEDO a condamnat R. Moldova în cazul celor șapte profesori turci expulzaţi. Guvernul, obligat să achite despăgubiri — Moldova.org", Moldova.org, June 11, 2019, retrieved August 27, 2019
  101. ^ "Doi dintre profesorii turci expulzați din R. Moldova, condamnați la închisoare în Turcia", AGORA, retrieved August 27, 2019
  102. ^ "Schimb de ipoteze. Moțpan declară că Dodon nu a fost implicat în "expulzarea" profesorilor turci", Ziarul de Gardă, August 2, 2019, retrieved August 27, 2019
  103. ^ https://protv.md/politic/imediat-dupa-ce-cetatenii-turci-au-fost-expulzati-pas-si-ppda-ziceau-ca-acest-lucru-s-a-facut-la-indicatia-presedinteleui-igor-dodon-in-schimbul-reparatiei-presedintiei-de-ce-nu-a-fost-audiat-pana-acum-presedintele-igor-dodon-chiril-motpan-in-acea-perioa---2500836.html retrieved August 27, 2019
  104. ^ "LIVE/ Reglare de conturi între PDM și socialiști: Igor Dodon a discutat ieri la sediul PDM cu Plahotniuc", Ziarul de Gardă, June 8, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  105. ^ LIVE pe-care-le-ar-fi-inaintat-dodon-lui-plahotniuc "Lista condițiilor pe care le-ar fi înaintat Dodon lui Plahotniuc" Check |url= value (help), Ziarul de Gardă, June 8, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  106. ^ https://www. Facebook. Com/felicianedzelschi, "Candu: Dodon a fost ieri la sediul PD și a discutat cu Plahotniuc. Ce condiții a pus (DOC)", AGORA, retrieved June 11, 2019
  107. ^ Iurii Botnarenco (June 8, 2019), ""Este o zi decisivă". Blocul ACUM încă speră la formarea unei majorități și așteaptă PSRM și astăzi la negocieri, deși CC a decis că timpul a expirat", Adevărul, retrieved June 11, 2019
  108. ^ "Declarațiile lui Igor Dodon înainte de Ședința Parlamentului Republicii Moldova din 8 iunie 2019", Privesc.Eu, retrieved June 11, 2019
  109. ^ "Dodon anticipează apariția unor imagini compromițătoare la adresa sa", Ziarul de Gardă, June 8, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  110. ^ "VIDEO/ Discuția dintre Plahotniuc și Dodon. Cum, de fapt, se duc negocierile în politică", Ziarul de Gardă, June 11, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  111. ^ "VIDEO. Dodon în discuții private cu Plahotniuc – explică care e bugetul PSRM și de unde ia bani", Evenimentul, retrieved June 11, 2019
  112. ^ "Publika.md a publicat inca un video in care Igor Dodon i-ar dicta lui Vlad Plahotniuc planul de Federalizare a tarii - VIDEO", Pro TV, retrieved June 11, 2019
  113. ^ "VIDEO/ Dodon și Iaralov negociau înlocuirea termenului "federalizare" în acordul ce urma a fi semnat între PDM-PSRM", Ziarul de Gardă, June 11, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  114. ^ Publika. Md (June 9, 2019), "PROBĂ VIDEO: Igor Dodon a insistat pe federalizarea Republicii Moldova", PUBLIKA.MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE, retrieved June 11, 2019
  115. ^ N. O. (June 8, 2019), "VIDEO Televiziunea lui Plahotniuc a publicat imagini video cu Dodon și liderul PD care discută despre federalizarea Republicii Moldova / Dodon: Propunerile au fost din partea lui Plahotniuc și trimise în Rusia pentru a i se închide dosarele - International", HotNews.ro, retrieved June 11, 2019
  116. ^ "VIDEO EVIDENCE: Igor Dodon insisted on the federalization of the Republic of Moldova", YouTube, retrieved June 11, 2019
  117. ^ "Igor Dodon, primele comentarii la înregistrările video de la negocierile de ieri cu Plahotniuc, de la sediul PD-ului", Tv8.md/2019/06/08/igor-dodon-primele-comentarii-la-inregistrarile-video-de-la-negocierile-de-ieri-cu-plahotniuc-de-la-sediul-pd-ului/, retrieved June 11, 2019
  118. ^ "Dodon, despre înregistrările cu bani de la Putin și federalizare: "Discuții au avut loc, evident că au avut loc"", Ziarulnational.md/dodon-despre-inregistrarile-cu-bani-de-la-putin-si-federalizare-discutii-au-avut-loc-evident-ca-au-avut-loc/, retrieved June 11, 2019
  119. ^ "Dodon acuza o inscenare: Ce tine de federalizarea R. Moldova este propunerea lui Plahotniuc catre rusi", Ziare.com, June 11, 2019, retrieved June 11, 2019
  120. ^ "/VIDEO/ Vlad Plahotniuc: Timp de trei luni, am avut multe discuții cu Igor Dodon. Coaliția PD-PSRM era aproape făcută", Tv8.md/2019/06/08/vlad-plahotniuc-timp-de-trei-luni-am-avut-multe-discutii-cu-igor-dodon-coalitia-pd-psrm-era-aproape-facuta/, retrieved June 11, 2019
  121. ^ "(video) Plahotniuc: "Ceea ce a făcut astăzi Igor Dodon, PSRM și ACUM - o evidentă lovitură de stat"", UNIMEDIA, retrieved June 11, 2019
  122. ^ ""A pus "Partidul Socialiștilor", accentuez, "din R. Moldova", nu în relații de parteneriat, ci în serviciul altei țări"". Ziarul de Gardă.
  123. ^ Igor Dodon prezintă pericol mare pentru pacea și stabilitatea din Moldova, Valentin Crîlov. Alegeri 2014, ipn.md
  124. ^ "VIDEO // PAS a depus la Procuratura Generală un denunț penal împotriva președintelui Republicii Moldova, Igor Dodon.", BreakingNews.md, retrieved August 20, 2019
  125. ^ "PAS A DEPUS LA PROCURATURA GENERALĂ UN DENUNŢ ÎMPOTRIVA ACŢIUNILOR PREŞEDINTELUI IGOR DODON", Infotag.md, August 30, 2017, retrieved August 20, 2019
  126. ^ "Denunt impotriva lui Igor Dodon" (PDF), Unpaspentru.md/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/denunt-procuratura-generala-impotriva-lui-igor-dodon.pdf, retrieved August 20, 2019
  127. ^ "Partidul Unitatii Nationale, intr-o conferinta de presa cu tema "Prezentarea denuntului penal contra lui Igor Dodon. Argumente si fapte" - VIDEO", Pro TV, retrieved August 20, 2019
  128. ^ "(video) PUN a depus la Procuratură un denunț penal contra președintelui Igor Dodon. De ce îl acuză", UNIMEDIA, retrieved August 20, 2019
  129. ^ "Denunț penal împotriva lui Igor Dodon, depus de Partidul Unității Naționale", Anticoruptie.md/ro/dosare-de-coruptie/denunt-penal-impotriva-lui-igor-dodon-depus-de-partidul-unitatii-nationale, retrieved August 20, 2019
  130. ^ "(video) Octavian Țîcu cere crearea unei Comisii de anchetă „pentru investigarea acțiunilor de trădare de patrie comise de Igor Dodon"", UNIMEDIA, retrieved October 16, 2019
  131. ^ "DOC // Crește numărul deputaților care cer ANCHETAREA lui Igor Dodon pentru „TRĂDARE de patrie"", Ziarulnational.md/doc-creste-numarul-deputatilor-care-cer-anchetarea-lui-igor-dodon-pentru-tradare-de-patrie/, retrieved October 16, 2019

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nicolae Timofti
President of Moldova
2016–present
Incumbent