Monastery of Saint Saviour

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Monastery of Saint Saviour
Clock tower of the Monastery of Saint Saviour
Monastery of Saint Saviour is located in Jerusalem
Monastery of Saint Saviour
Location within Jerusalem
Monastery information
Other names San Salvador
Order Franciscan Order
Established 1560
Dedicated to Jesus as Saviour
Diocese Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jerusalem
People
Archbishop Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem Fouad Twal
Architecture
Architect Father Raffaelle Cingolani da Montecassiano
Style Mannerism-influenced
Completion date 29 November 1885
Site
Location Old City of Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°46′44″N 35°13′39″E / 31.77889°N 35.22750°E / 31.77889; 35.22750Coordinates: 31°46′44″N 35°13′39″E / 31.77889°N 35.22750°E / 31.77889; 35.22750

The Monastery of Saint Saviour is a Catholic Franciscan monastery located on 1 Saint Francis Street, east of the New Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site was purchased from the Georgian Orthodox Church in 1560, and the monastery was constructed in stages. The church building was erected in 1885, with renovation in 1985. The site includes a printing press, an organ workshop, a library and a school.

History[edit]

The monastery was built in several stages on a site transferred to the Franciscan Order from the Georgian Orthodox Church in 1558-1559 by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.[1]

Because the old church building was no longer considered sufficient for the needs of the parish, in 1850 Sultan Abdülmecid I granted the order permission to demolish the old church and build a new one in its place, under the condition that the new church be no larger than the old one.[1] Official support for the construction of the church was provided by Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I during his visit to Jerusalem in 1869. Originally, Franz Joseph I made his contribution on the condition that the church would be built according to the plans of his own architect. Although the leaders of the Franciscan order rejected this condition, he agreed to contribute about 60,000 franks for the project. The construction took three years and was completed 29 November 1885.

The church's architect, Father Raffaelle Cingolani da Montecassiano, was inspired by the work of Italian architect Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola.[1] The church was built in the typical style of a basilica. Unlike most church buildings built on an east–west axis with the apse and the altar in the east, Saint Saviour is built along a north–south axis. A clock tower is located on the side of the church. In 1932, two stories were added to the clock tower in honour of the 700th anniversary of the death of Saint Anthony of Padua. In 1985, the church and monastery were renovated in honour of the 100th anniversary of its construction.

Over the years, a school for boys and girls, a printing press and an organ workshop were built on the monastery compound, and are still in operation today.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wager, Eliyahu: Illustrated Guide to Jerusalem, The Jerusalem Publishing House, Ltd. (1988), pp 105–106
  • Media related to St. Saviour Church (Jerusalem) at Wikimedia Commons