Morasko Meteorite Nature Reserve
The Morasko meteorite nature reserve (Polish: Rezerwat przyrody meteoryt Morasko) is located in Morasko, on the northern edge of the city of Poznań, Poland. It contains seven meteor craters. The reserve has an area of 55 hectares (136 acres) and was established in 1976.
- Martagon or Turk's cap lily (Lilium martagon)
- Wild ginger (Asarum europaeum)
- Tropical hornwort (Ceratophyllum submersum)
Some uncommon birds can also be found here, including
The largest of the seven craters on the reserve has a diameter of about 100 metres, and is about 11 metres deep. Five of the craters, including the largest, contain lakes. The date of formation is estimated to be about 5,000 years ago (Holocene).
The first meteorite found at Morasko was uncovered in 1914 by German soldiers working on the construction of a military fortification. Since then, many further fragments have been found, including one weighing 78 kg in 1956.
In September 2006, Krzysztof Socha, a meteorite-hunter from Kielce, working for the Geology department of the city's Adam Mickiewicz University, uncovered with the aid of a metal detector a meteorite which, after the removal of the dirt which covered it, was found to weigh 164 kg. This was the largest meteorite discovered in Poland. Analysis showed that the meteorite contained, apart from iron-nickel alloy, a small quantity of silicates (pyroxenes) not occurring on Earth.
In October 2012, a meteorite weighing about 300 kg was recovered from a depth of 2.1 m.
Currently, Adam Mickiewicz University is considering founding an educational centre, in order to draw attention to the reserve and the subject of meteorite discovery.
Points of note
- The reserve contains the 154 metre high Mount Moraska, the highest point in Poznań.
- The local bus lines 88 and 188 has stops a short distance from the reserve, in of Morasko.
- "The "Morasko Meteorite" Reserve". Poznań Multimedia City Guide.
- Wojciech Stankowski, Anto Raukas, Andrzej Bluszcz, and Stanisław Fedorowicz. "Luminescence dating of the Morasko (Poland), Kaali, Ilumetsa, and Tsõõrikmäe (Estonia) meteorite craters" (PDF).
- "Morasko". Earth Impact Database. University of New Brunswick. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
- Jacek Łuczak, Łukasz Cynalewski, "Największy meteoryt w Polsce", Gazeta Wyborcza (2006-12-01), p. 16.
- "Kosmos! Największy w Polsce meteoryt odkryty na Morasku", Gazeta Wyborcza, on-line edition, 2012-10-24 20:38. (link to the news item in Polish). Accessed 2012-10-24.
- A. Muszyński, R. Kryza, Ł. Karwowski, A.S. Pilski, J. Muszyńska (Eds.) (2012): Morasko: The largest meteorite shower in Central Europe. Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań, Poland, 111 pp. PDF version of review
- Mindat.org - Morasko meteorite, Poznan, Wielkopolskie, Poland
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