Motorized tricycle (Philippines)

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A tricycle with many passengers in Tagkawayan, Quezon
A motorized tricycle (Pedicab) in Dumaguete
Tricycles in Tagbilaran, Bohol
Motor tricycles for hire lined up outside public market in downtown Bantayan, Cebu

Motorized tricycles, or simply tricycles (Filipino: traysikel; Cebuano: traysikol), is a type of motorized vehicle from the Philippines consisting of a motorcycle attached to a passenger cab. Along with the jeepney, it is one of the most common means of public or private transportation in the Philippines, especially in rural areas. These public utility vehicles either ply a set route or are for-hire, like taxis.[1]

Tricycles are built in a variety of styles, which differ from city to city, and are usually made locally by building a sidecar and affixing it to an imported motorcycle. Usually both the cycle and sidecar are covered, but not always by the same roof. Larger companies, such as Fitcor Marketing, also manufacture passenger tricycles.[2] They are built with more seats with the motor situated at the back, rather than below the driver as per a motorcycle.

Tricycles are often confused with the similar tuktuks and auto rickshaws of neighboring countries. But tricycles evolved independently from motorcycles with sidecars during World War 2, and are not derived from rickshaws. Tricycles also attach the passenger cab to the side of the motorcycle, in contrast to tuktuks where it is attached behind the motorcycle.[3] The motorela, a regional variant of the tricycle with a centered passenger cab enclosing the motorcycle, is the most visually similar to a tuktuk, but differs in that it has four wheels, not three. The passengers of a motorela also sit sideways, rather than face forward.

Origin[edit]

The exact date of the appearance of the tricycle in the Philippines is unknown, but it started appearing after World War 2, roughly at the same time as the appearance of the jeepney. It is most likely derived from the Rikuo Type 97 military motorcycle used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines starting at 1941. The motorcycle was essentially a licensed copy of a Harley-Davidson with a sidecar. However, there is also another hypothesis which places the origin of the tricycle to the similarly built "trisikad", a human-powered cycle rickshaw built in the same configuration as the tricycle. However, the provenance of the trisikad is also unknown. Prior to the tricycles and trisikad, the most common means of mass public transport in the Philippines is a carriage pulled by horses or carabaos known as the kalesa (calesa or carromata in Philippine Spanish).[4] The pulled rickshaw never gained acceptance in the Philippines. Americans tried to introduce it in the early 20th century, but it was strongly opposed by local Filipinos who viewed it as an undignified mode of transport that turned humans into "beasts".[5]

Passenger tricycles[edit]

Passenger tricycles can accommodate from four passengers up to as many as six or more, excluding the driver.[6] Goods can be placed on the roof. One or two passengers can sit behind the driver while several more can sit in the sidecar, depending upon the design. Additional passengers can sit on the roof or stand hanging onto the side or back of the sidecar. In rainy weather, a tricycle will be completely enclosed in heavy plastic covering.

Tricycles are often painted colorfully, like jeepneys.

Fares are less than taxi fares (if the city or municipality has taxis), yet more expensive than jeepney fares. Fares range from ₱10 to ₱250, depending on the locality and the distance to be ridden. Inside cities, tricycles often operate as shared taxis, where passenger fares are calculated per passenger and after the distance traveled. These fares are close to the fares of jeepneys. For longer journeys or in areas with heavy tourism, the driver will usually request that the passenger hire the whole tricycle and negotiate a "special fare", which will then be a private hire.[2]

Many tricycles, mostly in urban areas, are now being replaced with a local version of tuk-tuks[when?] which has superior engines and seating space. While technically not a tricycle as it is classified as a three-wheel vehicle and thus its private versions are not forbidden in national roads, they are treated as advanced versions of tricycles and deployed as such.

Another take of the upgrade to better tricycles is the one undertaken in Manila. It is fully electric and distributed by a local company with major Japanese partnership.[7][8]

Motorela[edit]

A motorela (right) and a tricycle (left). Note the motorela's centered cab, the sideways passenger seating, and the four wheels.

The motorela, locally nicknamed as "the mini jeepney", is a variant of a motorized tricycle predominantly used in Northern Mindanao, particularly in Cagayan de Oro and Bukidnon province. It is a motorcycle with an enclosed cabin rigidly attached, and has four wheels – the two wheels of a motorcycle, and an additional wheel on each side. It has the capacity to carry more passengers than the traditional tricycle. The motorela was invented by Rafael D. Floirendo, a mechanic from Cagayan de Oro, in 1964.[9][10] Motorela comes from the words “motorized” and “caritela”.[11]

Cargo tricycles[edit]

Cargo tricycles are also used in the Philippines and elsewhere in Asia. The cargo tricycle either has a bed in the back or on the side as a sidecar.[12][full citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Motorized Tricycles". Boracay Budget Travel Tips. Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2013.; William C. Pollard, Jr., email to Lonely Planet, November 1, 2010, p. 2.
  2. ^ a b Bloom, Greg; Grosberg, Michael; Jealous, Virginia; Kelly, Piers (2009). Philippines. Lonely Planet. p. 450. ISBN 978-1741047219.
  3. ^ The Report: Philippines 2015. Oxford Business Group. 2015. p. 124. ISBN 9781910068267.
  4. ^ "Filipino Icon: Tricycle and Pedicab". FFE Magazine. December 29, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  5. ^ Pante, Michael D. (2014). "Rickshaws and Filipinos: Transnational Meanings of Technology and Labor in American-Occupied Manila". International Review of Social History. 59 (S22): 133–159. doi:10.1017/S0020859014000315.
  6. ^ "Tricycles in Sorsogon". sorsogoncity.wordpress.com. July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  7. ^ "E.R.A.P. Manila Electric Tricycle Project: Second Batch of Beneficiaries Ready". Manila Bulletin. September 29, 2017. Archived from the original on May 25, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  8. ^ "Tricycle Guide".
  9. ^ "Tricycle, Motorela & Habal-Habal". Silent Garden. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Cagayan de Oro Transportation". cdoguide. January 26, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "Raphael Floirendo – the Motorela Inventor". CDODev.Com. March 18, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  12. ^ Alibaba.com website.

External links[edit]

Media related to Motorized tricycle (Philippines) at Wikimedia Commons