|Elevation||2,629 m (8,625 ft)[a]|
|Prominence||2,404 m (7,887 ft)|
|Listing||Country high point|
|Location||Sinai Peninsula, Egypt|
Mount Catherine (Arabic: جبل كاثرين; Greek: Όρος της Αγίας Αικατερίνης), locally known as Gabal Katrîne, is the highest mountain in Egypt. It is located near the city of Saint Catherine in the South Sinai Governorate.
The name is derived from the Christian tradition that angels transported to this mountain the body of the martyred Saint Catherine of Alexandria.
On the north of Mount Catherine, archaeologists uncovered a cave with paintings of people and animals in red pigment dates back to the Chalcolithic Period, circa 5th–4th millennium BCE in January of 2020. According to John Darnell, red painted images are not as common as engraved images and text. The painting resembling a camel shows that at least some of the graffiti is not older than the first millennium BC and may belong to later period. The cave was filled with graffiti from different periods over time.
- Saint Catherine's Monastery
- Mount Sinai
- List of Ultras of Africa
- List of elevation extremes by country
- An elevation from an older survey (2,642 m) is sometimes given. A more recent survey measured the peak at 2,629 m.
- Maizlish, Aaron. "Arabian Peninsula and Middle East: Footnotes". peaklist.org. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- Maizlish, Aaron. "Africa Ultra-Prominences"". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- McCall, Rosie (23 January 2020). "Cave Covered in Ancient Egyptian Paintings of Donkeys and People Discovered by Accident". Newsweek.