Muhammad University of Islam
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Muhammad University of Islam (MUI) is a Nation of Islam (NOI)-affiliated preschool to 12th Grade school in the South Shore area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, located next to Mosque Maryam. Every major NOI mosque has a MUI. The schools are headed by the Nation of Islam's Ministry of Education, led by Dr. Larry Muhammad. Established in 1930, MUI is the first Islamic Black school system in America.
The University of Islam was established by Elijah Muhammad. The school was greatly supported by Clara Muhammad, the wife of Elijah Muhammad and other Mothers of the Nation of Islam, in 1934 in Detroit, Michigan and was one of the original institutions of the organization. It was an elementary school which taught "mathematics, astronomy and the general knowledge of civilization." Schools were established in many of the cities where the Nation of Islam had a presence. By 1974 there were 47 University of Islam schools across the country.
After his father's death in 1975, Warith Deen Muhammad transformed the Muhammad University of Islam into the Clara Muhammad Schools (or simply Muhammad Schools) replacing the University of Islam founded by his father. The school system is "an association of approximately 75 elementary, secondary, and high schools throughout the United States and the Caribbean Islands." The schools have been described by Zakiyyah Muhammad of the American Educational Research Association as "models of Islamic education that are achieving commendable results".
- "Mosque Maryam and The Nation of Islam National Center." Nation of Islam. Retrieved on February 26, 2009.
- "The NAA Hosts the National Alumni Reunion Every Two Years in a Different State. Off Reunion Years, The NAA Hosts The S.O.S (Save Our Schools) Programs - Student Record Archive and Preserve Campaign, Hosts Small Business Workshops for Non Profits and Start ups, hosts the Annual International Women's Conference (IWC). All Endeavors, Events, Programs, Fundraiser or Project are tgeared to Assist and Support the Muhammad Schools, Start up or Restart of CMS". U.O.I. and Clara Muhammad and W.D. Muhammad Schools National Alumni Asssoc. Retrieved 2020-05-19.
- Claude Andrew Clegg II, An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad, St. Martin's Griffin 1998 pg. 29
- Karl Evanzz, The Messenger: The Rise and Fall of Elijah Muhammad Random House, 2001
- Darlene Clark Hine, Black women in America Oxford University Press, 2005, page 110
- Rosemary Skinner Keller, Rosemary Radford Ruether, Marie Cantlon, et al., Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America University of Indiana Press, 2006, pg. 746
- Evolution of a Community, WDM Publications 1995 page 15
- Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 274
- 20th Anniversary of Muhammad Schools in Atlanta, Jan 20, 2000, Religious Diversity News http://www.pluralism.org/news/article.php?id=664 The Atlanta Journal and Constitution
- Sister Clara Muhammad Schools website
- Zakiyyah Muhammad, "Faith and Courage to Educate our Own", in Joyce Elaine King, Black Education: A Transformative Research and Action Agenda for the New Century, American Educational Research Association. Commission on Research in Black Education, Routledge, 2005, p. 264.
- 20th Anniversary of Mohammed Schools in Atlanta, Jan 20, 2000, Religious Diversity News http://www.pluralism.org/news/article.php?id=664 The Atlanta Journal and Constitution
- "History & Philosophy." University of Islam. Retrieved on February 26, 2009.
- Muhammad University of Islam
- Sister Clara Muhammad Schools
- Mohammed Schools of Atlanta
- Sister Clara Muhammad School National Alumni Association