NOFV-Oberliga Nord

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NOFV-Oberliga Nord
The fourteen Oberligas in Germany
Founded1991
CountryGermany
State
  • Berlin
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Number of teams16
Level on pyramidLevel 5
Promotion toRegionalliga Nordost
Relegation to
Current championsFSV Optik Rathenow
(2017–18)
2018–19

The NOFV-Oberliga Nord is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the northern states of the former East Germany and West Berlin. It covers the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Overview[edit]

The NOFV-Oberliga Nord was formed in 1991 when, along with the political reunification of Germany, the former East German football league system was integrated into the unified German one.

The abbreviation NOFV stands for Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband, meaning North East German Football Association.

Along with this league, two other NOFV-Oberligas were formed, the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte and the NOFV-Oberliga Süd.

The league was formed from clubs from five different leagues: Three clubs from the Oberliga Nordost, the former DDR-Oberliga, eight clubs from the NOFV-Liga, the former East German second division, one club from the Bezirksliga Schwerin, one of the regional leagues of the old East German third league level, one from the Verbandsliga Brandenburg, a new league, and six clubs from the Amateur-Oberliga Berlin, the West-German third division for the city of Berlin. The league accommodated therefore a wide mix of clubs from the east and west of Germany. With the FC Berlin, the former BFC Dynamo, and Vorwärts Frankfurt, it held two former East German champions as well. It was also the first time since 1950 that clubs from East- and West-Berlin played in the same league.

The league became one of the then ten Oberligas in the united Germany, the third tier of league football. Its champion was however not directly promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga but had to take part in a promotion play-off. In 1993 the league champion was successful in this competition, in 1992 and 1994 they failed.

For the duration of the league and onwards, the leagues below it are:

In 1994, the German football league system saw some major changes. The four Regionalligen were introduced as an intermediate level between 2nd Bundesliga and Oberligen, relegating the Oberligen to fourth tier from now on. In the east of Germany, the Regionalliga Nordost was formed, a league covering the area of former East Germany and West-Berlin. Six clubs from the NOFV-Oberliga Nord were admitted to the new league:

The NOFV-Oberliga Mitte was disbanded and its clubs spread between the two remaining Oberligas in the east. Five clubs from the former league were added to the NOFV-Oberliga Nord, three of them from Berlin and two from the northern part of Saxony-Anhalt. The league now became the only Oberliga with clubs from Berlin.

From 1995 to 1999, the champions of the league were directly promoted to the Regionalliga Nordost. In 1997 and 1999, the runners-up were eligible for promotion too.

With the reduction of the number of Regionalligen to two, the league came under the Regionalliga Nord. Five clubs were relegated that season from the now disbanded Regionalliga Nordost. The regulations about promotion kept on changing and until 2006, the league champion had to play-off with the champion of the southern league for one promotion spot. Only in 2004 did the northern champion come out as a winner of this contest. From the 2006 season onwards, direct promotion was awarded again.

The league changes in 2008 with the introduction of the 3rd Liga meant the Oberligen was now the fifth tier of league football in Germany. The top three teams of the league in 2007–08 gained entry to the Regionalliga, the fourth placed team had to play-off against the fourth placed team from the south for one more spot,[1] these clubs being:

Otherwise, the setup of the league did not change and its champion was directly promoted from the 2008-09 season onwards.

Another league reform, decided upon in 2010, saw the reestablishment of the Regionalliga Nordost from 2012 onwards, with the two NOFV-Oberligas feeding into this league again.[2] With the league champions, F.C. Hansa Rostock II being ineligible for promotion TSG Neustrelitz, FSV Optik Rathenow and 1. FC Union Berlin II were directly promoted to the new Regionalliga while Torgelower SV Greif achieved promotion through a play-off round.

Founding members of the league[edit]

The founding members of the league in 1991 were:

Champions of the NOFV-Oberliga Nord[edit]

The league champions:[3][4]

  • Because the 2010-11 champions and runners-up declined promotion to the Regionalliga, the third placed Berlin AK 07 were promoted instead.[5]

Placings in the league[edit]

The complete list of clubs in the league and their final placings:[3][4]

Club 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1. FC Union Berlin M M M R R R R R R R 2B 2B 2B R 1 R R 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
1. FC Magdeburg M M M 12 9 S R R R S R S S S S R R R R R R R R R 3L 3L 3L 2B
SV Babelsberg 03 1 R R R R 2B R 2 3 3 1 R R R 3L 3L 3L R R R R R R
Hertha BSC II M M M R R 10 2 1 R 2 1 2 1 R R R 1 R R R R R R R R R R R
Berliner AK 074 4 15 12 15 13 8 10 4 15 10 10 3 R R R R R R R R
FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin6 7 1 R R R R R R
Berliner FC Dynamo 1 4 4 R R R R R R 1 17 6 6 10 5 2 2 7 13 3 1 R R R R R
FSV Union Fürstenwalde 8 2 12 8 1 R R R
VSG Altglienicke7 7 1 R R
FSV Optik Rathenow 11 7 R R 7 12 13 8 10 14 14 12 14 7 3 7 6 3 R R 1 R 2 1 R
TSG Neustrelitz 11 14 16 13 10 13 14 13 10 4 6 4 4 R R R R R R x
FSV 63 Luckenwalde 4 S S 5 8 3 R R R x
Tennis Borussia Berlin 4 1 2B R R R R 2B 2B R 2 4 5 4 5 3 6 1 R 14 4 6 2 x
SV Lichtenberg 47 M 5 9 15 17 7 3 4 5 3 3 x
Hertha Zehlendorf M M M R R R R 9 14 9 3 4 4 x
SC Staaken 5 x
Brandenburger SC Süd 05 9 6 7 8 17 8 3 8 14 13 2 13 13 S 6 x
FC Strausberg 5 14 14 13 7 x
FC Anker Wismar 16 9 12 16 11 16 7 5 8 x
SV Altlüdersdorf 13 12 4 6 6 11 9 9 x
Hansa Rostock II 9 15 2 R 3 1 4 4 3 3 1 4 2 2 R R 2 1 6 4 7 2 10 10 x
Torgelower SV Greif 9 12 9 14 8 1 5 R 16 11 x
Malchower SV 90 5 10 10 10 13 5 6 7 12 x
CFC Hertha 06 9 12 13 x
1. FC Lok Stendal M M M R R R R R R 5 15 16 S x
Ludwigsfelder FC 10 12 9 14 5 11 16 S
SpVg Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin x
Greifswalder FC11 x
FC Mecklenburg Schwerin 11 14
SV Victoria Seelow 8 8 15
1. FC Frankfurt 10 15 16 16
SV Grün-Weiß Brieselang 14 17
FC Schönberg 953 8 3 3 3 1 6 16 7 11 2 R R
SV Germania Schöneiche8 11 11 13 9 11 6 12 10 15
FC Energie Cottbus II S S S S S 7 S S R R 1 R R R S S S
1. FC Neubrandenburg 04 7 6 8 14 9 11 14 10 12
BSV Hürtürkel 10 16 16
SV Waren 09 9 15 11
FC Pommern Greifswald 9 8 9 15
1. FC Union Berlin II9 5 2 R R R
RSV Waltersdorf 12 15
Lichterfelder FC6 M M M 2 2 5 8 11 7 8 11 6 16 6 8 9 12 12 15 14
Türkiyemspor Berlin M M M R 3 4 13 14 6 12 7 11 7 5 3 R R R 16
Füchse Berlin Reinickendorf 10 12 3 R R R R 7 2 7 8 11 9 15 6 13 15
Lichtenrader BC 14
Greifswalder SV 4 11 15
SV Falkensee-Finkenkrug 15 7 16
FSV Bentwisch 12
BFC Preußen 16 11 8 13 15
Spandauer SV1 9 7 6 R R R R R 12 16
SV Yeşilyurt Berlin4 4 5 8 14 16
MSV Neuruppin 9 7 8 2 2 15
Motor Eberswalde 5 15 7 5 6 7 12 6 12 16 10 14 9 13 16
Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl 6 3 2 R R R R R R 9 10 5 11 18
FC Anhalt Dessau M M M 6 12 13 S S S S S
Sievershäger SV 18
Frankfurter FC Viktoria 10 11 17 5 5 11 19
FC Eintracht Schwerin 10 3 8 9 4 4 13 13 17
Köpenicker SC 10 8 9 10 12 18
Oranienburger FC Eintracht 19
Greifswalder SC 2 8 9 4 4 3 3 6 5 13 18
Tennis Borussia Berlin II2 2 R 11
SV SW Neustadt/Dosse 11 13 14 17
SD Croatia Berlin 14 1 R 10 18
SV Warnemünde 15
SCC Berlin M M M 5 1 R 10 15
SV Tasmania Berlin 6 16
SG Bornim 13 11 14
Parchimer FC 18 6 12 15
FSV Velten5 M 14 12 1 R R 16
PSV Rostock 10 7 15
1. FC Schwedt 8 5 5 8 11 16
1. FC Wilmersdorf 9 15
FC Stahl Brandenburg 2B 2 1 R 16
Rot-Weiß Prenzlau 14 13 13 11 17
SV Türkspor 65 Berlin M M M 15
BSV Spindlersfeld 3 10 14 16
Spandauer BC 12 16
Stahl Henningsdorf 13 18
Wacker 04 Berlin 15
SV Hafen Rostock 17

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga (1963–present)
2B 2. Bundesliga (1974–present)
3L 3. Liga (2008–present)
R Regionalliga Nordost (1994–2000)
Regionalliga Nord (2000–2008)
Regionalliga Nordost (2008–Present)
S Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Süd
M Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

Notes[edit]

  • 1 In 1999 Spandauer SV withdrew from the Regionalliga to the Verbandsliga.
  • 2 In 2001 Tennis Borussia Berlin II had to withdraw from the league because of the first teams relegation.
  • 3 In 2007 FC Schönberg 95 withdrew from the league.
  • 4 During the 2007–08 season SV Yeşilyurt withdrew its team and merged with Berliner AK.
  • 5 During the 1997–98 season FSV Velten declared insolvency and folded.
  • 6 FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin was formed in 2013 from a merger of BFC Viktoria 1889 and Lichterfelder FC.
  • 7 At the end of the 2013–14 season VSG Altglienicke withdrew from the league.
  • 8 At the end of the 2011–12 and 2016–17 seasons SV Germania Schöneiche withdrew from the league.
  • 9 At the end of the 2014–15 season SV Waren 09 and FC Pommern Greifswald both withdrew from the Oberliga while 1. FC Union Berlin II was withdrawn from competitive league football altogether.
  • 10 1. FC Frankfurt was formed in 2012 from a merger of Frankfurter FC Viktoria and MSV Eintracht Frankfurt.
  • 11 Greifswalder FC was formed in 2015 from a merger of Greifswalder SV 04 and FC Pommern Greifswald.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Regulations for the NOFV-Oberligas 2007–08". Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  2. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (in German) DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 16 July 2011
  3. ^ a b Historical German league tables (in German) Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv, accessed: 8 February 2015
  4. ^ a b NOFV-Oberliga Nord tables and results 1994–present (in German) Fussballdaten.de, accessed: 8 February 2014
  5. ^ NOFV-Oberliga Nord 2010-11 (in German) kicker.de, accessed: 13 June 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]