Nagina Masjid, Champaner

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Nagina Masjid, Champaner
Nagina Masjid Champaner 02.JPG
Front elevation of Nagina Masjid, Champaner
Nagina Masjid, Champaner is located in Gujarat
Nagina Masjid, Champaner
Shown within Gujarat
Basic information
Location  India
Geographic coordinates 22°29′09″N 73°32′14″E / 22.4859°N 73.5371°E / 22.4859; 73.5371Coordinates: 22°29′09″N 73°32′14″E / 22.4859°N 73.5371°E / 22.4859; 73.5371
Affiliation Islam
Municipality Champaner
District Panchmahal
State Gujarat
Year consecrated 15th century
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Ruins
Status Part of UNESCO Heritage Park
Heritage designation Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Leadership Muhmad Begada
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Blend of Hindu-Muslim Architecture
Completed 15th century
Specifications
Dome(s) Three
Minaret(s) Three
Materials Rubble Masonry

Nagina Masjid (meaning 'Jewel Mosque') is a mosque in Champaner, Gujarat state, western India. It was built during the time of Mahmud Begada, in the 15th century, as were several other masjids, such as the Kevada, Bawaman, Ek Minar, Jama, Khajuri, and Shahar Ki.[1] It has minarets, globe-like domes, and narrow stairs.[2] It is part of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

Geography[edit]

The masjid is about 0.75 miles (1.21 km) to the south of the citadel, and 1,800 feet (550 m) north of the Bhadr.[4] The Kajuri Masjid is west of the Nagina and the Kevada is to the north-northwest. A small lake is situated considerably to the north.[4] After James Burgess and Henry Cousens wrote descriptions of the Nagina, Kevada, and Jama Masjids, roads were built to reach them.[5]

Interior of Nagina Masjid, Champaner.
Nagina Masjid's cenotaph.

Architecture[edit]

The masjid is a large monument built on a high-rise plinth with a large open courtyard in front. The building was constructed of pure white stone.[6] At the main entrance, the masjid is marked by minarets, which have intricate and elegant carvings; as in other masjids, like Kevada Masjid, it has floral designs in its niches. Three large domes rise over the main prayer hall, above decorative columns and windows. The architecture also features a series of beautifully designed projecting corbels and a projecting cornice, and is decorated with geometric motifsm both inside and outside at the platform level. The main prayer hall rises two storeys and has a balcony.[7][8]

Grounds[edit]

Within the precincts of the masjid there are a few brick structures and step wells. An elegant domed mausoleum is situated in front of the mosque to the northeast.[4] The cenotaph has openings on all four directions; its frontage, columns and niches are decorated with carved floral and geometrical designs. The cenotaph's central dome has disappeared.

Restoration[edit]

Initial restoration works were carried out in the 1890s.[9] The pillars of Nagina Masjid and Lila Gumbaj Ki Masjid were subject to deterioration due to wind, humidity and moisture (bio-deterioration) and the stones were “pulverized”. Further pulverization was prevented by spraying on OH-100 (ethyl silicate) and also in a few cases deteriorated areas were filled with stone powder mixed with OH-100.[3] Other treatment measures included removing insoluble salts using a 2% solution of sodiumhexa meta phosphate, ferrous salts with a 2% solution of EDTA and removing bat excreta with a 5% solution of liquid ammonia and non-ionic detergent followed by a second stage of treatment by applying a mixture of ammonium carbonate and ammonium bicarbonate, with EDTA as an additive. Micro-vegetation growth were carefully removed by brushing with soft nylon brushes sprayed with an aqueous solution of 3% ammonia and 1% non-ionic detergent, which was later removed by washing with a large quantity of water.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Congress (2003). Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. p. 342. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Singh, Sarina (1 September 2009). India. LP. pp. 742–. ISBN 978-1-74179-151-8. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Champaner-Pavagarh World Heritage Site– Gujarat" (pdf). UNESCO Organization. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b c Burgess, James; Cousens, Henry (1897). Revised lists of antiquarian remains in the Bombay Presidency: and the native states of Baroda, Palanpur, Radhanpur, Kathiawad, Kachh, Kolhapur, and the southern Maratha minor states (Public domain ed.). Printed at the Government central press. pp. 95–. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  5. ^ Khanna, Amar Nath (1 February 1992). Archaeology of India: retrospect and prospect. Clarion Books. p. 223. ISBN 978-81-85120-17-1. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Bombay, (India : State) (1887). Volume 3 of Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Bombay (India :State). Printed at the Government Central Press. pp. 304–309. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "World Heritage Sites - Champaner - Monuments at Champaner". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Mosques of Champaner". Official Web site of Government of Gujarat Tourism. Archived from the original on 16 October 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  9. ^ Bombay (India : State). General Dept (1897). Archaeology, Progress Report. Bombay: Archaeological Survey of India. Western Circle. p. 8. Retrieved 1 October 2012.  Missing |last1= in Authors list (help)