National identity card (Sweden)
The national identity card (Swedish: nationellt id-kort) is a non-compulsory identity document issued in Sweden by the Swedish Police since October 1, 2005. The card can be used for traveling to and staying in Europe (except Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Turkey) as well as Georgia and French overseas territories without the need for a passport, although from Swedish airports, direct travel to countries neither in the EU nor Schengen is not permitted. It is only obtainable by Swedish citizens.
Citizens of any country residing in Sweden can get certified identification cards issued by the Tax Agency, their bank, or driving licenses (if approved as a driver) by the Transport Agency, however these do not state the holder's citizenship and – whilst valid as travel documentation in Scandinavia – are not recognised as official immigration documents by most other authorities in the EU. There is a political principle in Sweden that foreign citizens with residence permits shall be treated equal to citizens, and should not be identified more than necessary.
The national identity card is valid for five years and costs 400 SEK (about 46 EUR). Applications are filed at police stations which have a passport office. Only around 100.000 Swedes have obtained an official National identity card.[dated info] This is because almost all people already have another suitable identity document. A driver's license or tax authority identity card is valid within the Nordic countries, and a passport is more widely accepted internationally.
The national identity card is equipped with a contact chip prepared for being able to function as an electronic identity card (eID) at a later date, and also a contactless RFID chip containing a digital representation of the printed data along with the photograph of the bearer.
Physical appearance and data contained
The identity card is plastic and rectangular in shape, about 86 × 54 millimeters in size. On the left-hand side is a gold-plated contact chip, and on the right-hand side is the photograph of the bearer. Along the top of the card, the name Sweden is written in three languages, Swedish, English, and French (SVERIGE SWEDEN SUÈDE), below which the name of the card is available in the same three languages (Nationellt identitetskort/National identity card/Carte nationale d'identité), followed on the right by the biometric passport symbol () and the nationality of the bearer in Swedish and a country code (SVENSK/SWE).
The descriptions of the fields are printed in Swedish and English.
- Card No.
- Personal Id. No.
- Holder's signature
- Date of birth
- Given names
- Date of issue
- Date of expiry
A machine readable zone is printed on the bottom of the reverse-side of the card.
Data on the RFID chip
- The card's printed data in a digital format
- The photograph in a JPEG format
- A digital key to verify that the data contained is authentic and hasn't been tampered with
The contents of the RFID chip cannot be accessed without using the codes found in the machine readable zone on the back side.
- "Förordning (2005:661) om nationellt identitetskort". The Riksdag. 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "Fakta om nationellt id-kort". Signguard. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- "Datachippet". Swedish Police Authority. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2010-04-02.[dead link]