Polish identity card

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Polish national identity card
(Dowód osobisty)
Polish id card 2019.jpg
Polish national ID card (front and back)
Issued by Poland
Valid in Poland

 Europe (except Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine)
France French overseas territories
 Greenland (de facto)
 Jordan (organised tours through Aqaba airport)
 Montserrat (max. 14 days)
Type of documentIdentity card,
travel document for passport in the listed countries
Eligibility requirementsPolish citizenship
Expiration10 years (5 years if bearer aged less than 5 when issued)

Every Polish citizen 18 years of age or older residing permanently in Poland must have an Identity Card (Dowód osobisty) issued by the local Office of Civic Affairs. Polish citizens living permanently abroad are entitled, but not required, to have one. Identity cards are valid for a period of 10 years (5 years for individuals under the age of 5 on the date of issue).

The front bears a photo of the holder, surname, forenames, date of birth, parents' names and gender. It also contains the coat of arms of the Republic of Poland and a security hologram. In the bottom right corner a special security element can be found - the photo of the person and the year of expiration, but only one of them can be seen at a time, depending on the angle of view.

On the back can be found the holder's nationality, place of birth, date of issue, date of expiry, card number, issuing authority and personal number (PESEL - Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności[1] - Universal Electronic Population Database). Below the card number is repeated the bearer's photo and some of the personal data in machine-readable form.

The Polish identity card also functions as a travel document in the countries and territories listed to the right.

Security features of the 2015 issue[edit]

Obverse side: At the top-centre the small map of Poland changes colour between green and violet depending on the viewing angle. There is a micro-printing in the card's background which reveals "RZECZPOSPOLITAPOLSKA" when magnified. Both the family name and date of birth have a special raised feel.[2]


The card number consists of 3 letters followed by 6 digits (for example, ABA300000), of which the first digit (at position 4) is the check digit.

Each letter has a numerical value, as shown below:

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

The next step is to multiply each so obtained value by its respective "weight". The assigned weights for each position are

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
 7 3 1 0 7 3 1 7 3

The remainder of the division by 10 of the sum of the weighted values should be equal to the check digit (indicated between asterisks in the example below).

Verification example (ID card number for this example: ABA300000):

Card number:  A    B    A   *3*   0    0    0    0    0
Value:       10   11   10   *3*   0    0    0    0    0
Weight:       7    3    1    0    7    3    1    7    3
Result:      70   33   10    0    0    0    0    0    0
Sum:         70 + 33 + 10 +  0 +  0 +  0 +  0 +  0 +  0 = 113

The remainder of the division of 113 by 10 equals 3 (113 mod 10 = 3), and is also equal to the first digit of the ID card number, so this ID card number is correct.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]