Romanian identity card
|Carte de identitate|
The model issued starting with 2009, that specifies the Romanian nationality and not the parent's first name
|Valid in|| Romania
European Union member states
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Moldova  
|Type of document||Identity card,
optional replacement for passport in the listed countries
|Purpose||proof of identity|
|Eligibility requirements||Romanian citizen over 14 years of age (mandatory)|
The Identity card (Romanian: Carte de identitate) is the document issued to every Romanian citizen at 14 years of age (it is compulsory at 14). The only exemption are Romanian citizens domiciled abroad. If they establish a temporary residence in Romania, then they may apply for a "Carte de identitate provizorie", which is valid for one year (renewable).
- Series and number of the ID card (changes every time the bearer changes the ID card)
- CNP (Romanian: Cod Numeric Personal; English: Personal Numerical Code) the same for every ID card of the individual (see below)
- Last name
- First name(s)
- Parent's first name(s) (usually, the mother's middle name (if any) is not displayed (but registered into the database), due to lack of space)
- (Since 2009 they replaced parent's first names with the citizenship.)
- Place of birth
- Issuing authority
- Validity (issuing date (DD.MM.YY) and expiration date (DD.MM.YYY))
Also it has two rows of optical readable information, like the passports.
Series of the ID card
The series of the ID card are formed of two letters, representing the abbreviation of the county (the abbreviation is sometimes the same as the license plate indicative) or of the county's seat that issued the document.
The card contains the individual's Cod Numeric Personal (CNP), or Personal Numeric Code, a unique identifying number.
The CNP consist of 13 digits as follows:
- 1 digit for sex and century of birth: 1, 3, and 5 = male; 2, 4, and 6 = female. 1 and 2 = 20th century, 3 and 4 = 19th century, and 5 and 6 = 21st century. (For legal residents the numbers 7 and 8 are used to encode the sex of the person having the residence permit);
- 6 digits for birth date in the format YYMMDD
- 2 digits for place of birth (the code for the county) (For legal residents the numbers encode the region where the person having the residence permit comes from);
- 3 other digits
- 1 control digit
The CNP is unique for each person. It is assigned at birth and never changes except in cases of erroneous attribution, sex change or change of status from legal resident to citizen.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)|
|This article is outdated. (July 2011)|
Romania has decided to introduce the Electronic Identification Cards as of January 1, 2011, however the plan to introduce Identity Cards were delayed by two years. As of July 1, 2010 the pilot program of setting up the electronic system for the issuance of the electronic identity card will be initiated. As part of the normative act the central and local authorities as well as the county decentralized services are required to acquire the necessary equipment and programs for the citizens to be able to use without any restrictions the electronic identity card. The step by step program are as follows:
- in the county residence municipalities until December 31, 2012
- in the other municipalities and towns until December 31, 2013
- in communes until December 31, 2014
The Identity card can be used instead of the Passport to travel within the European Union, EEA/EFTA states: Iceland Liechtenstein Norway Switzerland, and the following countries: Albania Andorra Bosnia and Herzegovina Canary Islands Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Macedonia Moldova   Monaco Montenegro San Marino Serbia Vatican City
The Romanian identity card. This is the old model, when the country code was ROM and not ROU as in present.
The Romanian identity card. This is the new model, with the country code ROU.
- The National Inspectorate for Person's Identity
- The Border Police
- Regulations on the electronic identity cards The Government of Romania