Czech national identity card

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Czech national identity card
(Občanský průkaz)
ID-card CZ 2012.jpg
The new ID1 format Czech identity card (with chip EPassport logo.svg)
Date first issued 2012-01-01
Issued by  Czech Republic
Valid in  Czech Republic
 Europe (except Belarus, Kosovo, Russia and Ukraine)
FranceFrench overseas territories
Type of document Identity card,
optional replacement for passport in the listed countries
The new ID1 format Czech identity card
The reverse of the new ID1 format Czech identity card
The reverse of the new ID1 format Czech identity card - version without chip
The front of old Czech identity card
The reverse of old Czech identity card

The Czech national identity card (Czech: Občanský průkaz, citizen card, literally civic certificate; Czech pronunciation: [ˈoptʃanskiː ˈpruːkas]) is the identity document used in the Czech Republic (and formerly in Czechoslovakia), in addition to the Czech passport. It is issued to all citizens, and every person above 15 years of age permanently living in the Czech Republic is required by law to hold a valid identity card.[1]

It is possible to use the ID card for travel within Europe (except Belarus, Kosovo (requires biometric IDs), Russia, Ukraine, Turkey) as well as Georgia instead of a passport.


A 1991 průkaz booklet from the ČSFR.

The first mandatory identity document was introduced during the German occupation, on 17 March 1939 in a decree made by Reichsprotektor Konstantin von Neurath.[citation needed] This document was based on the model of a similar document already in use in the Third Reich and included a photograph. Known as a legitimace, it was often nicknamed kennkarta.

During the communist regime (1948–89) this simple card developed into a booklet dozens of pages long. It contained such personal details as employment history and vaccination records.


To acquire the machine-readable version of the card, a citizen must present either a currently valid card (in case of renewals), or a birth certificate and proof of citizenship. A photograph is made at the premises of the issuing authority; the form is filled out by an employee of the issuing authority and only requires the signature of the applicant.

To acquire the non-machine-readable version, a citizen must present a filled out application, two photographs, and either a currently valid card (in case of renewals) or a birth certificate and proof of citizenship.


The photograph(s) must be 35x45 mm, correspond to the current look of the person, show the person looking forwards with the distance from the eyes to the chin at least 13 mm, in civil clothes, without dark glasses (except the blind), without any head cover (except for health/religious reasons, which may not cover the face in a way that makes the person difficult to distinguish). The photograph must be smooth.

Data included[edit]

Front side[edit]

  • Card ID
  • Surname
  • First name
  • Date of birth
  • Nationality (Česká republika)
  • Date of expiration


  • Place of birth
  • Identity number
  • Permanent address
  • Birth name
  • Other data
  • Issuing authority and date of issue

The following information is printed if requested by the applicant (who must provide proof if necessary):

  • Academic degree

The following information is printed unless the applicant explicitly opts out:

  • Marital status

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Law No. 328/1999 Coll. § 2, section 2

External links[edit]