Nemestrinidae

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Nemestrinidae
Nemestrinidae wing veins.svg
Nemestrinidae wing veins
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Suborder:
Infraorder:
Superfamily:
Family:
Nemestrinidae
Subfamilies
Moegistorhynchus longirostris
Neorhynchocephalus tauscheri (10) and Hirmoneura obscura (11) in Europäischen Zweiflügeligen

Nemestrinidae, or tangle-veined flies is a family of flies in the superfamily Nemestrinoidea, closely related to Acroceridae. The family is small but distributed worldwide, with about 300 species in 34 genera. Larvae are endoparasitoids of either grasshoppers (Trichopsideinae) or scarab beetles (Hirmoneurinae). Some are considered important in the control of grasshopper populations. Adults are often observed on flowers.


Genera[edit]

These 28 genera belong to the family Nemestrinidae:

Data sources: i = ITIS,[1] c = Catalogue of Life,[2] g = GBIF,[3] b = Bugguide.net[4]

Fossil history[edit]

Fossils of Nemestrinidae are known from several localities of various ages in Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Western Europe and North America, with the oldest fossils being found in the Middle-Upper Jurassic Karabastau Formation.[5][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nemestrinidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  2. ^ "Browse Nemestrinidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  3. ^ "Nemestrinidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  4. ^ "Nemestrinidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  5. ^ Mostovski, M.B. 1998. Revision of the tangle-vein flies (Diptera, Nemestrinidae) described by B.B. Rohdendorf, and new taxa of nemestrinids from the Upper Jurassic of Kazakhstan. Paleontological Journal, 4: 47-53.[1]
  6. ^ Ansorge, J., Mostovski, M.B. 2000. Redescription of Prohirmoneura jurassica Handlirsch 1906 (Diptera: Nemestrinidae) from the Lower Tithonian lithographic limestone of Eichstaett. N. Jb. Geol. Palaeont. Mh. 4: 235-243.
  7. ^ Wedmann, S. 2007. A nemestrinid fly (Insecta: Diptera: Nemestrinidae: cf. Hirmoneura) from the Eocene Messel pit (Germany). Journal of Paleontology 81 (5): 1114-1117.[2]

External links[edit]