New Zealand free-trade agreements

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Countries with which New Zealand has free trade agreements (green)

New Zealand is party to several free-trade agreements (FTAs) worldwide.

History[edit]

The Economy of New Zealand is a market economy which is greatly dependent on international trade, mainly with Australia, the United States of America, China and Japan. It is strongly dependent on tourism and agricultural exports, and has only small manufacturing and high-tech components. Economic free-market reforms of the last decades have removed many barriers to foreign investment, and the World Bank has praised New Zealand as being the most business-friendly country in the world [1]. Regional and bilateral free trade agreements have become an important part of New Zealand's international trade policy. New Zealand has used free trade agreements also known as closer economic partnerships to liberalise trade between economies. A Closer Economic Partnership Agreement with Thailand was negotiated in 2004 and implemented in 2005. Negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement with Chile, Brunei and Singapore known as the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership were concluded in 2005. Negotiations for further agreements with Malaysia were undertaken in 2006, but failed to reach a conclusion. The historic FTA with China was signed in Beijing in April 2008.[2]

On 27 February 2009 New Zealand and its close partner Australia signed a Free Trade Agreement with the ASEAN regional block of 10 countries. It is estimated that an FTA with ASEAN would boost aggregate GDP across the 12 countries by more than US$48 billion over the period 2000–2020 with an additional US$3.4 billion to New Zealand alone.[3][4]

Free Trade Agreements in force[edit]

Here is a list of free trade agreements of which New Zealand is part. In parentheses, the abbreviation, if applicable, membership if not stated before, and the date of coming into force are to be seen.

Bilateral agreements[edit]

  •  Singapore: New Zealand and Singapore Closer Economic Partnership (2001)[11]
  •  Thailand: New Zealand and Thailand Closer Economic Partnership (2005)[15]

Multilateral agreements[edit]

Proposed Free Trade Agreements[edit]

New Zealand is negotiating bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with the following blocs and countries:

  • Alianza del Pacífico-Logo.PNG: New Zealand - Pacific Alliance – negotiating since 2017 [19]
  •  Gulf Cooperation Council: Negotiations began in 2007 and concluded in 2009 but the agreement is not yet in force [23]
  •  India India–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement – negotiating since 2007 with the establishment of a JSG (Joint Study Group) looking at the feasibility of an Indian-NZ FTA.[24]
  •  Russia Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Free Trade Agreement – negotiations began in 2010[25] but are currently suspended[26]
  •  Kazakhstan Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus New Zealand Free Trade Agreement – negotiations began in 2010[25] but are currently suspended[26]
  •  Belarus Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus Free Trade Agreement – negotiations began in 2010[25] but are currently suspended[26]
  •  EU New Zealand-European Union Free Trade Agreement – negotiating since mid-2018, planned to conclude by 2021[27]
  •  United Kingdom New Zealand-United Kingdom Free Trade Agreement – New Zealand is preparing to be able to enter into negotiations immediately once the United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union[28].

Abandoned or superseded proposals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Doing Business 2018; World Bank" (PDF). doingbusiness.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Free Trade Agreements | Ministry of Economic Development". Med.govt.nz. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.mfat.govt.nz/Trade-and-Economic-Relations/Trade-Agreements/Asean/index.php
  4. ^ Daley, Gemma (27 February 2009). "Asean, Australia, New Zealand Sign Free-Trade Deal (Update1)". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  5. ^ Australia and New Zealand Closer Economic Relations – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  6. ^ New Zealand-China Free Trade Agreement – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  7. ^ New Zealand-Hong Kong, China Closer Economic Partnership
  8. ^ "Hong Kong and New Zealand sign Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (with photos/videos)". Info.gov.hk. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  9. ^ New Zealand-Malaysia Free Trade Agreement – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  10. ^ "NZ agrees to free trade deal with Malaysia | BUSINESS News". Tvnz.co.nz. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  11. ^ Singapore/NZ CEP Agreement – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  12. ^ https://www.mfat.govt.nz/en/trade/free-trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements-in-force/nz-korea-free-trade-agreement/
  13. ^ Agreement between New Zealand and the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu on Economic Cooperation (ANZTEC) Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. New Zealand Commerce and Industry Office. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  14. ^ Tim Groser (November 20, 2013). Minister welcomes ANZTEC entry into force. New Zealand Government.
  15. ^ Thailand/NZ CEP Agreement – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  16. ^ a b Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement between Brunei Darussalam, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore – P4
  17. ^ "ASEAN Australia New Zealand FTA (AANZFTA)". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  19. ^ . 30 November 2011 https://www.mfat.govt.nz/en/countries-and-regions/latin-america/pacific-alliance/. Retrieved 22 May 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "The Re-freshed Latin America Strategy: One Year Later Annual Report for the 2010-11 Financial Year" (PDF). New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
  21. ^ "Nova Zelândia quer tratado de livre comércio com Mercosul". Senado Brasileiro. 25 May 2011. Archived from the original on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  22. ^ "New Zealand business and parliamentary connections in Latin America to be strengthened". New Zealand Parliament. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  23. ^ "NZ - Gulf Cooperation Council FTA". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  24. ^ India Free Trade Agreement – New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ a b c "New Zealand eyes Russian Trade – 14 Nov 2010 – NZ Herald: New Zealand National news". NZ Herald. 14 November 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  26. ^ a b c "Russia – Belarus – Kazakhstan Customs Union FTA". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  27. ^ "New Zealand-EU free trade agreement Timeline for negotiations". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Preparations for a UK-NZ Free Trade Agreement". Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Australia To Join Trans-Pacific Partnership Trade Bloc – Min". News.alibaba.com. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  30. ^ "The challenges of regional bodies". Taipei Times. 19 October 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  31. ^ "High powered push for Japan trade deal – 13 May 2008 – NZ Herald: New Zealand Business, Markets, Currency and Personal Finance News". NZ Herald. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2010.

External links[edit]