Niton

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For other uses, see Niton (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Knighton, Isle of Wight.
Niton
The White Lion in Niton.JPG
The White Lion, a former pub in the village.
Niton is located in Isle of Wight
Niton
Niton
 Niton shown within the Isle of Wight
Population 2,082 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SZ507765
Civil parish Niton and Whitwell
Unitary authority Isle of Wight
Ceremonial county Isle of Wight
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town VENTNOR
Postcode district PO38
Dialling code 01983
Police Hampshire
Fire Isle of Wight
Ambulance Isle of Wight
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Isle of Wight
List of places
UK
England
Isle of Wight

Coordinates: 50°35′13″N 1°17′06″W / 50.58687°N 1.2849°W / 50.58687; -1.2849

Niton is a village on the Isle of Wight, west of Ventnor, with a population of 1142. It has one pub, several churches, a pottery workshop/shop, a pharmacy , a busy volunteer run library, a medical centre and three local shops including a post office. The post office includes a café that serves as a local meeting place. The village also offers a primary school with a co-located pre-school and nursery.

Geography[edit]

Panorama over Niton.

Niton village is split in half by a break in the inner cliff, through which passes the main road. Upper Niton lies in a hollow and is set around a crossroads.

The lower part of the village, below the inner cliff, is known as Niton Undercliff, and was a small fishing hamlet up until the 19th Century. This part of Niton then flourished in Victorian times due to the popularity of Ventnor as a health resort, and many mansions and holiday cottages were built there.

Mount Cleves House was originally constructed in the late 1700s, and substantially remodelled in the early 1800s. Its residents included a Mr Kirkpatrick who owned the Isle of Wight Bank at the time and the owner of the Mortimer Foundry in Newport.[2]

The road along the Undercliff continues east towards Ventnor, but a major landslip in February 2014 has closed it to vehicular traffic between Niton and Ventnor, although it remains open for walkers and riders (as at November 2016). The Undercliff at Niton includes the most southerly point of the Isle of Wight, St. Catherine's Point and St. Catherine's Lighthouse. That is also where the Navtex transmitting station is located.

The source of the Eastern Yar is in the parish, just north of the village.[3]

Niton together with Whitwell is a civil parish.[4]

History[edit]

Close to Niton is a natural seaport (Puckaster Cove), which is believed to have been used by Greek and Phoenician Bronze Age Britain traders.[5]

Niton lighthouse[edit]

St Catherine's Lighthouse

St. Catherine's Lighthouse was bombed in World War II, receiving a direct hit on the boiler house that killed three lighthouse keepers. The lighthouse itself was only slightly damaged, its lens only being chipped; the same lens is still used today.

Niton Church[edit]

Radio[edit]

Marconi used Knowles Farm in Niton for radio experiments, when he was living on the island in the late 1890s and early 1900s. In January 1901, he transmitted radio signals a record 186 miles from there to his Lizard Radio Telegraph Station at the southern tip of Cornwall. The farm has a stone into which is cut the inscription, "This is to commemorate that Marconi set up a wireless experimental station here in A.D. 1900". While in Niton, Marconi stayed at the Royal Sandrock Hotel, which no longer exists.

A ship-to-shore radio station was established in 1900, and Niton Radio (callsign GNI) was maintained as a coastal radio station known to yachtmasters. It was featured in a British Telecom International information film. It finally closed, along with the rest of the coastal radio network, in 1997.[6] The Navtex transmitter at St. Catherine's Lighthouse is still in operation as of 2013 (Navtex is a shore-to-ship service). For the purpose of extended Shipping forecasts, the Met Office uses Niton as the name of the forecast area covering the Atlantic from FitzRoy, North to Irish Sea and East to Thames.[7]

Surfing[edit]

Niton has a reputation as a notoriously dangerous spot for Surfboarding. A powerful rip current and a rocky landing await the surfer who attempts to tame Niton's powerful shore break.[8]

Transport[edit]

Southern Vectis bus route 6 serves the village on its way between Newport and Ventnor.[9] During the summer, the Island Coaster also runs through the village.[10]

Notable People[edit]

Penrhyn Grant Jones, British Consul, China and Assistant Judge of the British Supreme Court for China grew up in Niton. His father Frederick Topham Jones was the proprietor of the Royal Sandrock Hotel.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "River Yar Trail - Source to Sea". WightCam. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  4. ^ "English Parishes & Welsh Communities N&C 2004". www.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-05-03. 
  5. ^ Adams, William Henry Davenport (1877). Nelsons' hand-book to the Isle of Wight. Oxford University. 
  6. ^ "Coastradio reference site". 
  7. ^ "Extended Outlook". Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Niton". 
  9. ^ "Southern Vectis - bus route 6". Southern Vectis. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  10. ^ "Southern Vectis Island Coaster". Southern Vectis. Retrieved 2009-06-16.