OPEC Reference Basket

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The OPEC Reference Basket (ORB), also referred to as the OPEC Basket, is a weighted average of prices for petroleum blends produced by OPEC members. It is used as an important benchmark for crude oil prices. OPEC has often attempted to keep the price of the OPEC Basket between upper and lower limits, by increasing and decreasing production. This makes the measure important for market analysts. The OPEC Basket, including a mix of light and heavy crude oil products, is heavier than both Brent crude oil, and West Texas Intermediate crude oil.

Since July 1, 2016, the OPEC reference basket consists of a weighted average of the following crudes:[1]

Old line-up[edit]

Prior to June 16, 2005, the OPEC Basket did not include petroleum blends from all OPEC members. The earlier basket consisted of seven crudes:[2][3]

  • Saharan Blend (from Algeria)
  • Minas (from Indonesia)
  • Isthmus (from Mexico, a non-OPEC country)
  • Bonny Light (from Nigeria)
  • Arab Light (from Saudi Arabia)
  • Fateh (from Dubai, UAE)
  • Tia Juana Light (from Venezuela)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OPEC Basket Price". OPEC. Retrieved July 4, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Composition of the new OPEC Reference Basket" (Press release). OPEC. June 15, 2005. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Pricing Differences Among Various Types of Crude Oil". EIA. July 2006. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010.