Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left

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Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left
Partido Socialista de Euskadi–Euskadiko Ezkerra
Leader Idoia Mendia
Founded 1977 (1977)
Headquarters c/ Alameda de Rekalde 27, 4ª planta
48009 Bilbao
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Socialist International
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Red, White
Basque Parliament
16 / 75
Website
www.socialistasvascos.com

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (Basque: Euskadiko Alderdi Sozialista – Euskadiko Ezkerra, Spanish: Partido Socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezkerra, PSE-EE) is a social-democratic[1] political party in the Basque country that acts as the regional affiliate of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). Although local Socialist groups had been active since 1886, and many affiliated with the PSOE (being Biscay one of the strongholds of Spanish social democracy, along with Madrid and Asturias), the PSE was actually established as a branch of the main party only in 1977, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

PSE-EE offices have been targeted by undercover attackers, like this one in Bilbao.

During the violent years of the 1980s in the Basque Country, mid- and high-ranking party officials held government positions in Spain and the region, as civil governors. The Basque nationalist left—Herri Batasuna and related groups—denounced during that period the collusion of the party with police abuses—especially pointing to the Guardia Civil—and in early 1984 blamed directly the Socialists for the state terrorism of the GAL death squads (1984-1987).[2]

In early 1990s some of them were convicted for their participation in it.[3] Ricardo Damborenea, head of the party in Biscay, even confessed in a press release to his involvement in the criminal pursuit in the early 1990s. All of them have been released from prison much earlier than their due term without apologising for their illegal actions; Damborenea currently gets a substantial monthly allowance from the Spanish state.[4]

It has local associations in Gipuzkoa, Biscay, and Álava. Before June 1982, it also included a Navarre branch - which formed the Socialist Party of Navarre, PSN (PSOE).

Initially in a close alliance with the Basque Country Left (EE), a party connected with Basque nationalism, begun in 1991 with a move promoted by the respective secretaries - Ramón Jáuregui for the PSE and Mario Onaindia for the EE. It aimed to become the major Basque force in the 1993 election. The fusion of the two groups was made possible by the split of Basque Left from EE: prepared by the leadership of Nicolás Redondo Terreros (1998–2002), it was confirmed with the mandate of Patxi López in 2002.

During the 2012 elections to the parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community, the PSE-EE came up third in number of MPs (16), lagging behind the Basque Nationalist Party and EH Bildu. Throughout its recent history, it fluctuated between second and third, depending on the success of the People's Party or the Abertzale Left).

Election results[edit]

Basque Parliament[edit]

Election Seats +/− Votes  % Outcome Leader
1980
9 / 60
130,221 14.2 (#3) Minor Opposition Txiki Benegas
1984
19 / 75
Increase10 247,786 23.0 (#2) First Opposition Txiki Benegas
1986
19 / 75
±0 252,233 22.0 (#2) Junior in coalition (w. PNV) Txiki Benegas
1990
16 / 75
Decrease3 202,736 19.8 (#2) First Opposition Ramón Jáuregui
1994
12 / 75
Decrease4 174,682 16.8 (#2) Junior in coalition (w. PNV and EA) Ramón Jáuregui
1998
14 / 75
Increase2 220,052 17.4 (#4) Minor Opposition Nicolás Redondo
2001
13 / 75
Decrease1 253,195 17.8 (#3) Minor Opposition Nicolás Redondo
2005
18 / 75
Increase5 274,546 22.5 (#2) First Opposition Patxi López
2009
25 / 75
Increase7 318,112 30.4 (#2) Minority Government Patxi López
2012
16 / 75
Decrease9 212,809 18.9 (#3) Minor Opposition Patxi López

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Election Seats +/− Votes  %
1977
7 / 21
267,897 26.5 (#2)
1979
5 / 21
Decrease2 190,235 19.0 (#2)
1982
8 / 21
Increase3 348,620 29.2 (#2)
1986
7 / 21
Decrease1 287,918 26.3 (#2)
1989
6 / 21
Decrease1 233,650 21.1 (#2)
1993
7 / 19
Increase1 293,442 24.5 (#1)
1996
5 / 19
Decrease2 298,499 23.7 (#2)
2000
4 / 19
Decrease1 266,583 23.3 (#3)
2004
7 / 19
Increase3 339,751 27.2 (#2)
2008
9 / 18
Increase2 430,690 38.1 (#1)
2011
4 / 18
Decrease5 255,013 21.6 (#3)
2015
3 / 18
Decrease1 161,466 13.3 (#4)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gabriel Gatti; Ignacio Irazuzta; Iñaki Martínez de Albeniz (1 January 2005). Basque Society: Structures, Institutions, and Contemporary Life. University of Nevada Press. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-1-877802-25-6. 
  2. ^ "Dirigentes de Herri Batasuna relacionan a altos funcionarios policiales con los GAL". El País. 4 January 1984. 
  3. ^ "Juicio por el secuestro de Segundo Marey". El Mundo. 
  4. ^ "Más de 2,5 millones al año en pensiones y complementos". Público. 9 September 2011.