Law enforcement in Pakistan

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The police logo of Pakistan.
Police honorary ribbon.
Service colour Dark blue and red
Uniform colour Black, Khaki[1]

Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the corrections.[2][3] In Pakistan, the law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment.[4] The courts system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.[3]

Primarily operated through four province's governmental agencies, including the Islamabad, each police services has a jurisdiction extending only to the relevant province or territory.[5] Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.[4]

The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal jurisdiction, there are number of law enforcement agencies including the FIA, IB, ANF, NACTA, and the Motorway Police.[4] The each four province have their own police services such as: Punjab Police, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services have county units such as the Frontier Constabulary.[4] Commissioners in police are appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.[6]


Pakistan motorway police vehicle.
ANF officer checking passengers at Jinnah International Airport.
A Pakistani police special forces commando.
  • Airports Security Force, Prompts safety of Civil Aviation through development of legal framework, practices, procedures, technical and human resources to prevent/respond to acts of unlawful interference within airport premises.
  • Anti-Narcotics Force
  • Federal Investigation Agency[7]
    • Director General: Akbar Khan Hoti, PSP, PPM
  • Special Security Unit : As a semi-autonomous part of National Crises Management Cell (NCMC), Coordinate, Interrogate, Monitor and Regulate the various activities of all law enforcement agencies both civilian and armed forces along with the filtration of shared Information and update the policy draft including implementation of internal security SOP ( Standing Operating Procedures ) for VVIP/VIP's and the members of public in the supreme national interest under Ministry of Interior and Defence, Government of Pakistan
    • Director : Dr. Tariq Ishaque

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New look: Police mulling over proposal to change uniform colour". The Times of India. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications,. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan‘s Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  5. ^ Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan" (PDF). Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  7. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Vision". Balochistan Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  9. ^ a b c "Current Expenditure (2010-2011)". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Rs 152 bn Balochistan Budget 2010-11 presented". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Development project". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Levies force restored in Balochistan". Dawn Media Group. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "Levies directorate". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  14. ^ "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  15. ^ "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  16. ^ Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
  17. ^ "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  18. ^ Faisal, Muhammad (4 March 2014). "Failure to check corruption: Police mull razakar force abolition". The Dawn. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 

External links[edit]