Law enforcement in Pakistan

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The police logo of Pakistan.
Police honorary ribbon.

Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.[1][2] In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other Law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment.[3] The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.[2]

Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory.[4] Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.[3]

The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, and the National Highways and Motorway Police.[3] The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary.[3] Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.[5]

Agencies[edit]

Federal
ANF officer checking passengers at Jinnah International Airport.
A young Pakistani Elite Police Commando.
Provincial

Designations of PSP officers[edit]

Grade Police Ranks Directorial/Secretarial Appointment
BPS-17
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Assistant Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Assistant Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Assistant District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
BPS-18
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Deputy Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
BPS-19
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Additional Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Course Commander, National Police Academy
  • Additional Director, Special Security Unit
BPS-20
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, NACTA Headquarters
  • Deputy Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Deputy Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Director, Special Security Unit
  • Deputy Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Director, National Police Bureau
  • Director, National Police Academy
BPS-21
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Additional Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, National Police Bureau
  • Joint Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, National Crises Management Cell
  • Additional Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Deputy National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
BPS-22
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Secretary, Ministry of Interior
  • National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
  • Chairman, National Public Safety Commission
  • Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
BPS-SG
  • No special appointment
  • Secretary General, Ministry of Interior

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan's Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). www.usip.org/. U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  4. ^ Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan" (PDF). ispu.org. Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Terrorist's financing, FIA tracks down 18 bank accounts | Pakistan | Dunya News". 
  7. ^ "Vision". Balochistan Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  8. ^ a b c "Current Expenditure (2010-2011)". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Rs 152 bn Balochistan Budget 2010-11 presented". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Development project". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Levies force restored in Balochistan". Dawn Media Group. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Levies directorate". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  14. ^ "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  15. ^ Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
  16. ^ "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Faisal, Muhammad (4 March 2014). "Failure to check corruption: Police mull razakar force abolition". The Dawn. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 

External links[edit]