Palmyrene dialect

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Extinct1st millennium
Palmyrene alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Palmyrene or Palmyrenean was a Western Aramaic dialect spoken in the city of Palmyra, Syria, in the early centuries AD. The development of cursive versions of Aramaic led to the creation of the Palmyrene alphabet.

Other West Aramaic dialects include Nabataean and Judeo-Aramaic. West Aramaic dialects continue to be spoken in three villages in Syria: Maaloula, Al-Sarkha (Bakhah) and Jubb`adin.

See also[edit]


  • Delbert R. Hillers, Eleonora Cussini, Eleanora Cussini, Palmyrene Aramaic Texts, Johns Hopkins University Press (1996), ISBN 978-0-8018-5278-7
  • Hans H. Spoer, "Palmyrene Inscriptions found at Palmyra in April, 1904", Journal of the American Oriental Society (1904)
  • John Swinton, An Explication of All the Inscriptions in the Palmyrene Language and Character Hitherto Publish'd. In Five Letters from the Reverend Mr. John Swinton, M. A. of Christ-Church, Oxford, and F. R. S. to the Reverend Thomas Birch, D. D. Secret. R. S., Philosophical Transactions (1753).