Panadura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Panadura
පානදුර
பாணந்துறை
Town
සමාධි බුද්ධ ප්‍රතිමා වහන්සේ
සමාධි බුද්ධ ප්‍රතිමා වහන්සේ

Nickname(s): බෞද්ධ පුනර්ජීවන නගරය

(Revival town of Buddhist)
Panadura is located in Sri Lanka
Panadura
Panadura
Coordinates: 06°42′48″N 79°54′15″E / 6.71333°N 79.90417°E / 6.71333; 79.90417Coordinates: 06°42′48″N 79°54′15″E / 6.71333°N 79.90417°E / 6.71333; 79.90417
Country Sri Lanka
Province Western Province
District Kalutara District
Government
 • Type Urban Council
 • Mayor Nandana Gunathilake
Population (2012 Census)
 • Total 181,724
 • Density 4,130/km2 (10,700/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)
 • Summer (DST) Summer time (UTC+6)
Postal code 12500
Area code(s) 038

Panadura (Sinhala: පානදුර, Tamil: பாணந்துறை) is a large town and populated town in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka,It is located approximately 27 km south of the capital Colombo. Panadura known as revival town of Buddhism. The town is governed by an Urban Council.

Panadura Debate[edit]

The Panadura Debate, held in 1862, was the climax of the first phase of the Buddhist revivalist movement which began with the establishment of the Society for the Propagation of Buddhism at Kotahena and the establishment of the Lankopakara Press in Galle.

The two key persons in the Panadura Debate were Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera and Father David de Silva. Gunananda Thera was acclaimed as a debater of a very high order after this debate and his personality deeply affected the resurgence of Buddhism which was to follow. He was described as "the boldest, most brilliant and most powerful champion of Sinhalese Buddhism" and the leader of the Buddhist revival.

Another sect, the Ramanna Nikaya(රාමඤ්ඤ නිකාය) had been established in 1865 and the Vidyodaya Pirivena, the first leading centre of oriental learning, was founded in 1872.

It was the success of the Panadura Debate that prompted Colonel Henry Steel Olcott to come to Ceylon. He was impressed with what he read in the newspapers in the United States on the Debate and immediately sent a mass of pamphlets and other literature which were very critical of Christianity. Gunananda Thera had these translated into Sinhalese and distributed them throughout the island.

Public transport[edit]

Rail Panadura station is located further east of the town serviced by the Colombo - Matara line.

Bus Due to Panadura being situated along Galle Rd, it is serviced by many bus routes terminating at Panadura as well as ones heading further south.

Local Bus routes terminating at Panadura:

Panadura[edit]

Route Destination Via
17 මහනුවර Kandy Panadura - Dehiwala - Kotagama Sri Vachissasa Mawatha - Kalubowila - Nugegoda - Pagoda Rd - Kotte Rd - Sri Jayawardana Pura Mw - Battaramulla - Kaduwela Rd - Thalahena - Malabe - Kaduwela - Biyagama - New Kandy Road - Waliweriya - Balum Mahara Junction - Colombo-Kandy Rd  A1 
17/1 Kurunegala / Anuradhapura අනුරාධපුර Panadura - New Kandy Rd (via 17 route) / Ambepussa / Polgahawela / Kurunegala / Wariyapola / Galgamuwa / Anuradhapura
17/255 මහනුවර Kandy Panadura / Katubadda / Pilliyandala / Kottawa / Athurugiriya / Kaduwela / Biyagama / New Kandy Road / Waliweriya / Balum Mahara Junction / Colombo-Kandy Rd  A1 
32 Katharagama කතරගම limited route Panadura via  A2  / Hambantotoa / Tissa / Kataragama
17/48 Kaduruwela
64

(Main Route)

Bandarawela / Badulla / Bibile / Batticaloa

මඩකලපුව

Panadura / Rathnapura via  A8  / Balangoga / Belihuloya / Beragala / Haputhale / Diyathalawa / Bandarawela / Demodara / Hali Ela / Badulla (Ketawatta - sub) / Passara / Lunugala / Bibile / Padiyathalawa / Maha Oya / 69th Mile Post Junction / Chenkaladi / Batticaloa / Kattankudy
64 Bibile / Mahiyanganaya මහියංගනය Panadura / Bibile (follow the 64 main route) / Uraniya / Mediyaya / Mahiyangana
64 Nuwara Eliya

නුවරඑලිය

Panadura / Bandarawela (follow the 64 main route) / Welimada / keppetipola / Haggala / Seetha-Eliya / Nuwara Eliya
66 Embilipitiya / Sooriyawewa Horana - Ingiriya - Rathnapura - Pelmadulla - Kahawatta - Godakawela
87 Jaffna / Point Pedro
100 Pettah Panadura - Old Galle Road - Walana - Keselwatta - Moratuwa - Ratmalana - Mt. Lavinia (Galkissa) - Dehiwala - Wellawatta - Bambalapitiya - Kollupitiya - Galle Face - Fort - Pettah
02-E01 Matara මාතර Panadura - Bandaragama via  A8  - Galanigama - via  E01  Colombo - Southern Expressway
142 Moratuwa Moratuwa - Koralawella - Egodauyana - Panadura
183 Nugegoda Panadura - Walana - Old Galle Rd - Keselwatta - Moratuwa - Ratmalana - Mt Lavinia - Dehiwala - Kotagama Sri Vachissasa Mawatha - Kalubowila (Colombo South Teaching Hospital) - Kohuwala - Nugegoda
400/7 Kalutara Thalpitiya - Wadduwa - Waskaduwa
447 Malamulla
448 Mahabellana
450 Ratnapura Panadura - Alubomulla - Bandaragama - Pokunuwita - Horana - Ingiriya - Idangoda - Kahangama - Ratnapura  A8 
450/5 Horana Panadura - Wekada - Eluwila - Alubomulla - Bandaragama - Gelanigama - Pokunuwita - Horana
450/9 Mahabellana Wekada - Eluwila - Alubomulla - Mahabellana
451 Niwdawa
452 Rukgaha
453 Kiriberiya
453/2 Malamulla Panadura - Hospital Junction - Hirana Rd - Cyril Janz Rd - Malamulla
454 Mahawila
455 Morawinna
456 Diggala
457 Hirana / Kindelpitiya Panadura - Hospital Junction - Hirana Rd - Thanathirimulla - Hirana Thotupola - Kindelpitya Temple Junction
457/1 Battaramulla Panadura - Hospital Junction - Hirana Rd - Thanathirimulla - Hirana Thotupola - Kindelpitya Temple Junction - Kesbewa, Mawittara, Erewwala, Pannipitiya, Thalawathugoda
459 Anguruwathota Bandaragama - Raigama Junct. - Halthota - Millaniya - Keselhenawa - Madurawala
462 Atulugama Bandaragama
463 Moronthuduwa Wadduwa
465/2 Gonapola Bandaragama - Weediyagoda
466 Indigaha Panadura - Old Galle Rd - Walana Junction - Bekkegama Rd - Galthude Junction

Bus routes heading through Panadura to/from Colombo:

  • 02 - Ambalangoda / Galle / Matara
  • 32 - Tangalle / Kataragama
  • 24 - Awittawa / Udugama
  • 60 - Morawaka / Middeniya / Akuressa / Deniyaya
  • 393/3 - Baddegama
  • 400 - Aluthgama
  • 400/1 - Kalutara
  • 401 - Elpitiya
  • 412 - Meegama
  • 428 - Walallawita
  • 430 - Mathugama
  • 433/4 - Agalawatta
  • 434 - Dartonfield
  • 435 - Pelawatta
  • 435/1 - Rathmale

Health Care Facilities[edit]

"Kethumathi" (Sinhala: කේතුමතී කාන්තා රෝහල ) is the 4th largest Hospital in Sri Lanka dedicated for Obstetrics and Gynecology situated at the heart of Panadura town just 10m from Galle-Colombo A2 road.This hospital is a comprehensive one with Neonatal ICU and bed capacity of 300 beds. A grade-1 Base Hospital situated near the Panadura Police station facing A2 road. Apart from this there are wide range of health care facilities run by the Government.

Public and Private Schools[edit]

Notable Individuals[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]