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|Elevation||28 m (92 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (SLT)|
Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo city, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. It is situated on the Galle–Colombo (Galle road) main highway, 18 km south of Colombo city centre. Moratuwa is surrounded on three sides by water, except in the north of the city, by the Indian Ocean on the west, the Bolgoda lake on the east and the Moratu river on the south. According to the 2012 census, the suburb had a population of 168,280.
Moratuwa consists of 24 main areas: Angulana, Borupana, Dahampura, Egoda Uyana, Idama, Indibedda, Kadalana, Kaduwamulla, Kaldemulla, Katubedda, Katukurunda, Koralawella, Lakshapathiya, Lunawa, Molpe, Moratumulla, Moratuwella, Puwakaramba, Rawathawatta, Soysapura, Thelawala, Uswatta, Uyana and Willorawatta.
Both Moratuwa and Lakshapathiya are mentioned in the 15th century poem Kokila Sandesha, written by a monk poet of Devundara to celebrate Prince Sapumal during the reign of King Parakramabahu VI. Lunawa, Uyana and Rawathawatte are mentioned in 16th century chronicles and church records of martyrs, the latter commemorates Revatha Thera, the chief incumbent of a temple built by King Vijayabahu I. Lakshapathiya, meaning commanding a hundred-thousand, was once the land awarded to Lak Vijaya Singu, a Commander of King Nissanka Malla. Subsequent to the Wijayaba Kollaya and the division of the Kotte Kingdom, the hamlet of Koralawella was created as part of Raigam Korale, which again became part of Moratuwa in 1735, however losing Ratmalana and parts of Borupane to Dehiwala. The name Moratuwa is derived from "Mura Atuwa" meaning sentry turret in Sinhalese which once existed at Kaldamulla.
About twelve miles from Colombo, the chief town of Ceylon, on the high road to Galle, which is the second town, there is a belt or bar of land, lying between the sea on the one side, and, an extensive lake, or rather lagoon, on the other. And as the sea in this quarter abounds in fish, and this lagoon has many arms leading from its ample basin into canals stretching along the coast, and into rivers, flowing from the mountains, so as to form a great harbour, the surrounding country, which is very fertile, has become very populous. On the bank of land referred to, stands the thriving village of Morotto, remarkable for its fishermen and its carpenters.
-Dr. John Gibson MacVicar, Chaplain of St. Andrews' Church, Colombo (1830 - 1853)
Industries in Moratuwa include the manufacture of furniture, rubber products, batteries, transformers, and wood handicrafts. This suburb is also a fishing and trading center. Of these, Moratuwa is most well known for its furniture.
The University of Moratuwa, a leading technological university in South Asia is situated on the banks of the Bolgoda Lake in Katubedda, Moratuwa. High schools in the area include Prince of Wales' College, Our Lady of Victories Convent, St. Sebastian's College, Moratu Maha Vidyalaya and Methodist High School.
The Bolgoda lake situated in Moratuwa is the largest natural lake of Sri Lanka. It is a tributary of the Kalu Ganga which originates at Adams Peak and is a popular resort for swimming, angling and boating. Blogoda lake spreads, twisting from Ratmalana via Moratuwa and Panadura till it meets the sea at Wadduwa and Moratuwa via the Moratu ganga. Moratuwa is home to the oldest church dedicated to St. Sebastian and the Holy Emanuel Church, which was once the tallest building in Sri Lanka. A monument to Puran Appu stands in the premises of the Moratuwa Municipal Council and a museum is housed at the Weera Puran Appu Vidyalaya.
Moratuwa is famous for its music and is home to some well-known musicians such as W. D. Amaradeva, C.T. Fernando, M. S. Fernando, Nihal Nelson, Priya Peiris (La Bambas), Sunil Perera (The Gypsies) and Niranjala Sarojini.
The town also has a famous theme song, Punsada paaya Moratuwa dillenna (meaning "Moratuwa in the splendour of the full moon"), which is a staple at most musical events held in Moratuwa. Clarence Wijewardena also composed Moratuwa in tribute to the town.
Moratuwa is famous for its notable cricket players, such as Duleep Mendis, Susil Fernando Roger Wijesuriya Ajantha Mendis, Amal Silva, Romesh Kaluwitharana, Lahiru Thirimanne, Prasanna Jayawardene, Angelo Perera, Kusal Mendis, Vishwa Fernando, Amila Aponso, Avishka Fernando, and Sadeera Samarawickrama
An international cricket stadium, De Soysa Stadium (Tyronne Fernando Stadium) is situated in Moratuwa.
Moratuwa consisting of all ethnic and religious groups seen in Sri Lanka. This suburb has a percentage Christian population after Negombo city, significantly higher than the national average.
|Ethnicity||Population||% Of Total|
|Sri Lankan Tamils||4,433||2.50|
|Sri Lankan Moors||2,452||1.38|
|Other (including Burgher, Malay)||1,606||0.91|
|Religion||Population||% of Total|
The UN Human Rights Council has documented over 3,000 named individuals who have undergone disappearance after detention by security forces in Moratuwa, the second highest figure in the world since the Working Group came into being in 1980. The Sri Lankan government has confirmed that 1,445 of these are dead. Allegations of human rights abuses have not ended with the close of the ethnic conflict. Moratuwa also has one of the highest rates of consanguineous relationships within Sri Lanka, despite the prominent Catholic prevalence.[according to whom?]
The Public library of Moratuwa Municipal Council “Janasetha Kala Ketha” at Galle Road, Katubedda, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka was opened in 1987. This was constructed by the funds raised by Moratuwa municipal council to the amount of rupees 15 laks and 50 laks by the Japanese organization “World Exposition Commemorative”. The library was constructed according to Japanese architecture. Among the other facilities provided by the main library are art and stories hour and Tamil language hour for children, Computer classes for children and adults, conference, lectures etc. Every year the library celebrates the literature month (September) and National reading month (October), conducting various activities to develop reading habits among the children. Janasetha Kala Ketha, the public library of Moratuwa, has been awarded as The Best Public Library in Colombo district in the years 2012 and 2013 and as The Best Public Library in the Western Province of the Island in 2012.
The main road transport link to Moratuwa is the Colombo-Galle Highway (Galle Road), which links the suburb from the north and south. Moratuwa is linked to the outside by four bridges, old Moratuwa Bridge at the town centre, New Galle Road Bridge at Modara, Kospalana Bridge and Borupana Road Bridge, all across the Bolgoda lake. The town is linked by Galle Road to the north at Ratmalana, to Panadura to the south and to Pilyandala in the east. Access to the Southern Expressway from Moratuwa is either through Kottawa or by Horana Road.
The coastal railway line from Colombo to Matara runs through Moratuwa along the coast. Railway stations at Angulana, Lunawa, Moratuwa, Koralawella and Egodauyana serve residents of Moratuwa.
- "MORATUWA (Divisional Secretariat)". Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- "Administrative Map - District Division: Moratuwa". Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- The fifteenth century route to Yapa Patuna Archived 20 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Padma EDIRISINGHE (Sunday Observer) Retrieved 20 November 2015
- "Portuguese encounter with King of Kotte in 1517". Denis N. Fernando. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- 100 for St. Joseph's Church, Commander Shemal Fernando (Sunday Times) Retrieved 20 November 2015
- The De Soyas of Alfred House by Rupa de Soysa, p.9 (Karunaratne & Sons)
- Allai Copper Plate Charter of King Nissankamalla Archived 21 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Fernando, P. E. (University of Peradeniya) pp. 77-80
- Colombo District - Moratuwa, Kapruka Website. Retrieved 20 November 2015
- Saint Sebastian: The story behind the feast, Kishanie S. Fernando (Ceylon Today) Retrieved 20 November 2015
- A multi-faceted son of Moratuwa, Methsiri Cooray (Sunday Times) Retrieved 20 November 2015
- Museums in Sri Lanka, lanka.com Retrieved 20 November 2015