Moratuwa

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Moratuwa
මොරටුව
மொறட்டுவை
suburb
Moratuwa is located in Sri Lanka
Moratuwa
Moratuwa
Location of Moratuwa in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 6°47′56.66″N 79°52′36.04″E / 6.7990722°N 79.8766778°E / 6.7990722; 79.8766778Coordinates: 6°47′56.66″N 79°52′36.04″E / 6.7990722°N 79.8766778°E / 6.7990722; 79.8766778
Country Sri Lanka
Province Western Province
District Colombo District
Elevation 28 m (92 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 168,280
Time zone SLT (UTC+5:30)
Postal Code 10400

Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo city, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. It is situated on the GalleColombo (Galle road) main highway, 18 km south of Colombo city centre. Moratuwa is surrounded on three sides by water, except in the north of the city, by the Indian Ocean on the west, the Bolgoda lake on the east and the Moratu river on the south. According to the 2012 census, the suburb had a population of 168,280.[1]

Moratuwa is also the birthplace of Veera Puran Appu, a hero who rose against oppression by the British in Kandy and the legendary philanthropist Sir Charles Henry de Soysa.

Suburb structure[edit]

Moratuwa consists of 24 main areas: Angulana, Borupana, Dahampura, Egoda Uyana, Idama, Indibedda, Kadalana, Kaduwamulla, Kaldemulla, Katubedda, Katukurunda, Koralawella, Lakshapathiya, Lunawa, Molpe, Moratumulla, Moratuwella, Puwakaramba, Rawathawatta, Soysapura, Thelawala, Uswatta, Uyana and Willorawatta.[2]

History[edit]

Both Moratuwa and Lakshapathiya are mentioned in the 15th century poem Kokila Sandesha, written by a monk poet of Devundara to celebrate Prince Sapumal during the reign of king Parakramabahu VI.[3][4] Lunawa, Uyana and Rawathawatte are mentioned in 16th century chronicles and church records of martyrs, the latter commemorates Revatha Thera, the chief incumbent of a temple built by king Vijayabahu I.[5][6] Lakshapathiya, meaning commanding a hundred-thousand, was once the land awarded to Lak Vijaya Singu, a Commander of king Nissanka Malla.[6][7] Subsequent to the Wijayaba Kollaya and the division of the Kotte Kingdom, the hamlet of Korala-Wella was created as part of Raigam Korale. It was reunited with Moratuwa in 1735, however losing Ratmalana and parts of Borupane to Dehiwala.[6] The name Moratuwa is derived from "Mura Atuwa" meaning sentry turret in Sinhalese which once existed at Kaldamulla.[6]

Industries[edit]

Industries in Moratuwa include the manufacture of furniture, rubber products, batteries, transformers, and wood handicrafts. This suburb is also a fishing and trading center. Of these, Moratuwa is most well known for its furniture.[8]

Education[edit]

The University of Moratuwa, a leading technological university in South Asia is situated on the banks of the Bolgoda Lake in Katubedda, Moratuwa. Popular high schools in the area include Prince of Wales' College, Our Lady of Victories Convent, St. Sebastian's College, Moratu Maha Vidyalaya and Methodist High School.

Attractions[edit]

The Bolgoda lake situated in Moratuwa is the largest natural lake of Sri Lanka. It is a tributary of the Kalu Ganga which originates at Adams Peak and is a popular resort for swimming, angling and boating. Blogoda lake spreads, twisting from Ratmalana via Moratuwa and Panadura till it meets the sea at Wadduwa and Moratuwa via the Moratu ganga.[8] Moratuwa is home to the oldest church dedicated to St. Sebastian and the Holy Emanuel Church, which was once the tallest building in Sri Lanka.[9] A monument to Puran Appu stands in the premises of the Moratuwa Municipal Council and a museum is housed at the Weera Puran Appu Vidyalaya.[10][11]

Music[edit]

Moratuwa is famous for its music and is home to some well-known musicians such as W. D. Amaradeva, C.T. Fernando, M. S. Fernando, Nihal Nelson, Golden Chimes Band, Los Flamingos, Christopher Paul, Priya Peiris (La Bambas), Sunil Perera (The Gypsies), Paul Fernando, Saman De Silva, Chandimal Fernando, Chandra Devadithiya, Punsiri Soysa, Derik De Silva (Cambrian), John Derek De Silva (Sebastianite), Danapala Udawaththa, Rajiv Sebastian, Lankika Perera, Lucky Deva, Malkanthi Nandhasiri, Ivan De Silva, Merril Fernando, Lincon De Silva, Niranjala Sarojini, Hemasiri Fernando, Chandral Fonseka, Asanka Priyamantha Peiris and Wheels Combo (First Band in Sri Lanka)and also Surenie de Mel.

The town also has a famous theme song, Punsada paaya Moratuwa dillenna[1] (meaning "Moratuwa in the splendour of the full moon"), which is a staple at most musical events held in Moratuwa. Clarence Wijewardena also composed Moratuwa in tribute to the town.

Sport[edit]

Moratuwa is famous for its cricket stars such as Duleep Mendis, Ajantha Mendis, Amal Silva, Romesh Kaluwitharana, Lahiru Thirimanne, Prasanna Jayawardene and Susil Fernando.

An international cricket stadium, De Soysa Stadium (Tyronne Fernando Stadium) is situated in Moratuwa.

Demographics[edit]

Moratuwa consisting of all ethnic and religious groups seen in Sri Lanka. This suburb has a percentage Christian population after Negombo city, significantly higher than the national average.

Ethnicity Population % Of Total
Sinhalese 168,324 95.00
Sri Lankan Tamils 4,433 2.50
Indian Tamils 375 0.21
Sri Lankan Moors 2,452 1.38
Other (including Burgher, Malay) 1,606 0.91
Total 177,190 100
Religion Population  % of Total
Buddhists 124,205 70.00
Catholics 33,893 19.1
Other Christians 11,806 6.7
Islam 3,311 1.9
Hindu 3,367 1.9
Total 177,190 100

Public library[edit]

The Public library of Moratuwa Municipal Council “Janasetha Kala Ketha” at Galle Road, Katubedda, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka was opened in 1987.This was constructed by the funds raised by Moratuwa municipal council to the amount of rupees 15 laks and 50 laks by the Japanese organization “World Exposition Commemorative”. The library was constructed according to Japanese architecture.nAmong the other facilities provided by the main library are art and stories hour and Tamil language hour for children, Computer classes for children and adults, conference, lectures etc. Every year the library celebrates the literature month (September) and National reading month (October), conducting various activities to develop reading habits among the children. Janasetha Kala Ketha the public library of Moratuwa has been awarded as The Best Public Library in Colombo district in the years 2012, 2013 and as The Best Public Library in the Western Province of the Island in 2012.

Transport[edit]

The main road transport link to Moratuwa is the Colombo-Galle Highway (Galle Road), which links the suburb from the north and south. Moratuwa is linked to the outside by four bridges, old Moratuwa Bridge at the town centre, New Galle Road Bridge at Modara, Kospalana Bridge and Borupana Road Bridge, all across the Bolgoda lake. The town is linked by Galle Road to the north at Ratmalana, to Panadura to the south and to Pilyandala in the east. Access to the Southern Expressway from Moratuwa is either through Kottawa or by Horana Road.

The coastal railway line from Colombo to Matara runs through Moratuwa along the coast. Railway stations at Angulana, Lunawa, Moratuwa, Koralawella and Egodauyana serve residents of Moratuwa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MORATUWA (Divisional Secretariat)". Retrieved 2016-04-24. 
  2. ^ "Administrative Map - District Division: Moratuwa". Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  3. ^ The fifteenth century route to Yapa Patuna, Padma EDIRISINGHE (Sunday Observer) Retrieved 20 November 2015
  4. ^ "Portuguese encounter with King of Kotte in 1517". Denis N. Fernando. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  5. ^ 100 for St. Joseph's Church, Commander Shemal Fernando (Sunday Times) Retrieved 20 November 2015
  6. ^ a b c d The De Soyas of Alfred House by Rupa de Soysa, p.9 (Karunaratne & Sons)
  7. ^ Allai Copper Plate Charter of King Nissankamalla, Fernando, P. E. (University of Peradeniya) pp. 77-80
  8. ^ a b Colombo District - Moratuwa, Kapruka Website. Retrieved 20 November 2015
  9. ^ Saint Sebastian: The story behind the feast, Kishanie S. Fernando (Ceylon Today) Retrieved 20 November 2015
  10. ^ A multi-faceted son of Moratuwa, Methsiri Cooray (Sunday Times) Retrieved 20 November 2015
  11. ^ Museums in Sri Lanka, lanka.com Retrieved 20 November 2015

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