Papyrus 20

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Papyrus 20
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 20 (Jc 1 vers).jpeg
Name P. Oxy. 1171
Text Epistle of James 2-3 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Egypt
Now at Princeton University Library
Cite B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11
Size 11.5 by 4.5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I

Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapter 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]



The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.

The text is neatly written in upright semi-cursive letters. The main Nomina Sacra are used, but πατηρ/pater/father and ανθρωπος/anthropos/man are written out in full.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[1] This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus,[3] but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.[2]

Philip Comfort has conjectured that the scribe who wrote 20 was also the same scribe who wrote 27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts.[3]

It is currently housed at the Princeton University Library (AM 4117) in Princeton.[1][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  2. ^ a b B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), p. 9.
  3. ^ a b Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt