Papyrus 28

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New Testament manuscript
John 6:8-12
John 6:8-12
NameP. Oxy. 1596
TextJohn 6 †
Date3rd century
FoundOxyrhynchus, Egypt
Now atCollection of Gifford Combs
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri XIII, (London 1919), pp. 8-10
Size10 cm by 5 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Noteclose to א

Papyrus 28 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 𝔓28, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of John, it contains only one leaf with the text of the Gospel of John 6:8-12.17-22. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the late 3rd century.[1]


The text is written in medium-sized semi-uncial.[2] It is a single leaf, written in 12 lines per page (originally 25 lines). It uses the nomina sacra, but incomplete. The handwriting is quite similar to P. Oxy. 1358. Originally it had 13 cm by 20 cm.[1] Text is written in 25 lines per page.[2]


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I. According to Aland it represents a "normal text".[3] This manuscript displays a closest agreement with 𝔓75 (in 7 out of 10 variants).[1] According to Grenfell and Hunt it is closer to Vaticanus than to Sinaiticus. Only in one case it supports Codex Alexandrinus against Sinaiticus and Vaticanus (John 6:11).[2] Grenfell and Hunt noted that text is not "very correctly spelled". It has five unique readings. In John 6:10 it has πεντακισ]χιλειοι, ελεβεν instead of ελαβεν, in 6:19 ενγυς instead of εγγυς, in 6:20 φοβεισθαι instead of φοβεισθε, in 6:22 ιδεν instead of ειδεν.[4]


The manuscript was found together with 3rd-4th century documents.[2]

It was housed at the Pacific School of Religion (Pap. 2) in Berkeley[3][5] until it was sold in 2015 to a private collector, Gifford Combs, and is now housed in Los Angeles (Collection of Gifford Combs).[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  2. ^ a b c d B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri XIII, (London 1919), p. 8.
  3. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. ^ Peter M. Head, The Habits of New Testament Copyists Singular Readings in the Early Fragmentary Papyri of John, Biblica 85 (2004), p. 406.
  5. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  6. ^ Tommy Wasserman. "Papyrus 28 Sold to Private Collector Gifford Combs". The Evangelical Textual Criticism blog. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  7. ^ Gregg Schwendner. "Private acquisition of NT papyrus (P.Oxy. XIII 1596 = NT P28)". Papyrology blog. Retrieved 28 April 2015.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt