Papyrus 23

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Papyrus 23
New Testament manuscript
James 1:15-18
James 1:15-18
NameP. Oxy. X 1229
TextJames 1
Date3rd century
Now atUniversity of Illinois
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri’' X, (London 1914), pp. 16-18
Size12.1 x 11.2 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type

Papyrus 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 23, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, it contains only James 1:10-12,15-18. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]


The Nomina sacra are written fully, abbreviations are used only at the end of lines.[2] There has been noticed the occurrence of the ungrammatical αποσκιασματος found also in Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus in James 1:17.

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (or rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[3] This manuscript displays the greatest agreement with codices א A C, which represent the best text of the Catholic epistles, and then with Codex Vaticanus and Papyrus 74.[1]

It is currently housed in the Spurlock Museum at the University of Illinois (G. P. 1229) in Urbana, Illinois.[3][4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  2. ^ B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri X, (London 1914), p. 16.
  3. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  5. ^

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt