Paul Richard Shanley
|Born||January 25, 1931|
|Known for||Boston clergy sex abuse scandal|
|Criminal charge(s)||Indecent assault and rape|
|Criminal penalty||12 to 15 years in prison (served 12)|
|Criminal status||released on probation|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
Paul Richard Shanley (born January 25, 1931) is a laicized American priest who was accused and convicted of raping a child. He served at St. Jean's Parish in Newton, Massachusetts and was a prominent figure in the Boston clergy sex abuse scandal. In 2005, he was imprisoned at Old Colony Correctional Center for raping a child in 1980; he was released in 2017.
Shanley first gained notoriety during the 1970s as a "street priest", ministering to drug addicts and runaways who struggled with their sexuality. His writings included Changing Norms of Sexuality. During the 1980s, Shanley served as pastor of St. Jean the Evangelist Parish in Newton. In 1990, he was transferred to St. Anne's in San Bernardino, California. While there, he and another priest, John J. White, co-owned "a bed-and-breakfast for gay customers 50 miles away in Palm Springs".
Shanley had earned "the nickname the hippie priest for his long hair and outspoken views, including his public rejection of the church's condemnation of homosexuality." He attended a conference on sexuality where the founders of NAMBLA, the North American Man Boy Love Association, conceived the idea of such an organization. However, Shanley was not a part of the 32 individuals at the meeting who caucused to form the group, according to a Catholic priest and Protestant minister who were.
According to Leon Podles in his book Sacrilege: Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church:
"In late 1993, Shanley was sent to the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut, for evaluation. The Boston archdiocese has refused to release this evaluation, but other released files show that Shanley admitted to nine sexual encounters, of which four involved boys, and that he was diagnosed as 'narcissistic' and 'histrionic'. Shanley admitted that he was 'attracted to adolescents' and on the basis of this confession, the Boston archdiocese secretly settled several lawsuits against Shanley. The archdiocese of Boston in 1993 had to admit to the diocese of San Bernardino part of the truth about Shanley, and the bishop of San Bernardino immediately dismissed him."
In 2002, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, in relation to a lawsuit filed against it by the attorney of a man who accused Shanley of repeated rape, turned over a copy of the February 12, 1979 issue of Gaysweek which included an article titled "Men & Boys" that described a meeting in Boston in which Shanley defended a relationship between a man and a boy.
In February 2005, Shanley was found guilty of indecent assaults and the rape of a male minor and received a sentence of 12 to 15 years in prison. His case remains controversial because the allegations of abuse came only after the victim (now an adult) alleged that he "recovered" memories of the abuse from approximately 20 years earlier. The notion of "repressed memory" is highly controversial and has been excluded from several courts of law. The manner in which the accusations against Shanley arose together with the enormous attention in the media formed the basis for an appeal.
In 2007, Shanley's new attorney, Robert F. Shaw, Jr., filed a motion for a new trial on his behalf challenging his convictions as unjust. During a hearing in May 2008, Shaw argued that Shanley is entitled to a new trial because repressed memories of childhood rape and sexual assault by family and clergy were without general acceptance in the scientific community, were so-called "junk science," and that the court had not been presented with accurate information about the scientific status of repressed memories before trial.
On November 26, 2008, Superior Court Judge Stephen Neel denied the motion for a new trial. Shaw filed a petition for review in the Supreme Court of Massachusetts (known as the Supreme Judicial Court), arguing that the judge had erred, and that "repressed memory" is an unproven, hypothesized phenomenon that has not been accepted in the scientific community and should not be admitted as evidence in Massachusetts courts. In January 2009, the Supreme Judicial Court granted the petition and ordered the case transferred from the intermediate appellate court for review by the state's highest court.
On September 10, 2009 the Supreme Judicial Court heard arguments in the case. Shaw argued that Shanley was prosecuted, convicted and imprisoned based upon inadmissible evidence. The case was closely watched throughout the United States and abroad.
On January 10, 2010, the Supreme Judicial Court unanimously affirmed Shanley's conviction. It concluded: "In sum, the judge's finding that the lack of scientific testing did not make unreliable the theory that an individual may experience dissociative amnesia was supported in the record, not only by expert testimony but by a wide collection of clinical observations and a survey of academic literature. ... There was no abuse of discretion in the admission of expert testimony on the subject of dissociative amnesia."
- Roman Catholic sex abuse cases
- Roman Catholic priests accused of sex offenses
- Crimen sollicitationis
- "VINELink". Retrieved January 17, 2016.
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- Miner, Michael (February 17, 2005). "Did Shanley get screwed?". The Chicago Reader.
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- D'Entremonte, Jim (March 2008). "Any Prayer for Shanley?". The Guide Magazine. Nampa, Idaho: Pacific Press Publishing Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.
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- Roche, Kerri (May 29, 2008). "Lawyer for Ex-Priest Questions Repressed Memory Science" (PDF). Daily News Tribune. Waltham, Massachusetts: Community Newspaper Company. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- "Priest in Boston clergy scandal denied new trial". Necn.com. November 26, 2008. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Murphy, Shelley (January 27, 2009). "SJC to hear appeal by ex-priest in abuse case". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Globe Media Partners. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- "Brief of The Leadership Council for Child Abuse and Interpersonal Violence as Amicus Curiae" (PDF). Commonwealth of Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- "Disgraced priest Paul Shanley seeks new trial, challenges repressed memories". NECN. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- "Convicted ex-priest challenges repressed memories". WHDH-TV. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Paul Shanley appeal[dead link]
- Zezima, Katie (September 16, 2009). "Ex-Priest Challenges Abuse Conviction on Repressed Memories". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- "Ex-Priest Questions Repressed Memories". ABC News. New York City: ABC. September 14, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Saltzman, Jonathan (September 10, 2009). "'Repressed memory' is at issue in defrocked priest's appeal". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Globe Media Partners. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Williamson, Dianne (September 13, 2009). "Repressed memory: Issue still argued". Telegram & Gazette. Worcester, Massachusetts: Gannett. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Commonwealth v. Paul Shanley, 752 U.S. 455 (Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, Middlessex 2010).
- Wamsley, Laura (July 28, 2017). "Former Priest And Convicted Child Abuser Paul Shanley Released From Prison". NPR. Retrieved July 28, 2017.