Pinheiro Machado

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Pinheiro Machado
Town Hall.
Town Hall.
Flag of Pinheiro Machado
Official seal of Pinheiro Machado
Nickname(s): 
Nacional capital of sheep barbecue
Pinheiro Machado is located in Brazil
Pinheiro Machado
Pinheiro Machado
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 31°34′40″S 53°22′21″W / 31.57778°S 53.37250°W / -31.57778; -53.37250
Country Brazil
StateRio Grande do Sul
MesoregionSudoeste Rio-grandense
MicroregionSerras de Sudeste
FoundedMay 2, 1879
Government
 • MayorLuiz Fernando de Ávila Leivas
Area
 • Total2,248.221 km2 (868.043 sq mi)
Elevation
436 m (1,430 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total12,195
 • Density5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)

Pinheiro Machado is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

History[edit]

Pinheiro Machado is one of the most ancient towns in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Until 1830, the area was owned by the city of Rio Grande. After it became a part of Piratini city, separating on February 24, 1879, by the name of Nossa Senhora da Luz, or Nossa senhora da Luz das Cacimbinhas.[citation needed] The occupation of this town, according to records, began by the brigadier Rafael Pinto Bandeira, about 1765. The first inhabitants were the azorean Tomás Antonio de Oliveira and José Dutra de Andrade, who owned "allotments" (Portuguese: sesmaria (pt)) of land at Coxilha do Veleda, in 1790. According to the legend, Dutra de Andrade had lost his vision and then, he made a promise that if he would recover his vision washing his eyes on the miraculous water of the well located there, he would order the building of a chantry in honor of Nossa Senhora Aparecida and so, the miracle happened. After the chantry, a parsonage was created in 1851.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Pinheiro Machado is located at latitude 31º34'42"S and longitude 53º22'52"W, at an altitude of 1,430 feet (440 m).

It has an area of 868.04 square miles (2,248.2 km2) and the population in 2020 was 12,195.

Relief[edit]

The relief, located in a plateau known as Serras de Sudeste, is a rather irregular, specially the Passarinho's Hill, Veleda's Hill and Asperezas Hill. Also highlights the formation of countless hills, mainly in the second district. The soil is characterized by shallow, with the presence of rock outcroppings.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Pinheiro Machado is oceanic (Cfb, according to the Köppen climate classification), with warm summers and cool winters (with high occurrence of frost), with annual temperature of about 61 °F (16 °C). The hottest month is January, with average temperature of 70 °F (21 °C), while the coldest month is July, with average temperature of 52 °F (11 °C). The annual rainfall is of about 1,200 millimetres (47 in), with rains regularly distributed during the year. Snowfalls are not uncommon in the city, and can occur about one or twice a decade. The last snowfalls occurred on September 4, 2006 and on September 5, 2008, with moderate snowfall during the afternoon.

Climate data for Pinheiro Machado (modelled data)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
21
(70)
18
(64)
16
(61)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
21
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
16
(61)
15
(59)
12
(54)
9
(48)
7
(45)
6
(43)
8
(46)
8
(46)
11
(52)
12
(54)
14
(57)
11
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75
(3.0)
85
(3.3)
81
(3.2)
122
(4.8)
101
(4.0)
111
(4.4)
94
(3.7)
84
(3.3)
118
(4.6)
119
(4.7)
109
(4.3)
94
(3.7)
1,193
(47)
Source: MeteoBlue [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Clima Pinheiro Machado". Retrieved April 15, 2020.