Caçapava do Sul

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Município de Caçapava do Sul
Official seal of Município de Caçapava do Sul
Motto: Caçapava não se entrega (Caçapava doesn't surrender)
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Coordinates: 30°30′44″S 53°29′27″W / 30.51222°S 53.49083°W / -30.51222; -53.49083Coordinates: 30°30′44″S 53°29′27″W / 30.51222°S 53.49083°W / -30.51222; -53.49083
Country Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Meso-region Sudeste Rio-Grandense
Micro-region Serras de Sudeste
Founded 25 October 1831
 • Mayor Otomar Oleques Vivian (PP)
 • Total 3,047.120 km2 (1,176.500 sq mi)
Elevation 444 m (1,457 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 33 700
 • Density 11.06/km2 (28.6/sq mi)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
HDI 0.768 (medium) UNDP/2000
GDP R$ 369,279,689 IBGE/2008

Caçapava do Sul is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, located on the banks of the Camaquã River. As of 2006 the city had a population of 34,461. It was the 2nd capital of the Piratini Republic from 1839 to 1840.

The economy depends primarily on the mining industry. Caçapava do Sul produces 80% of the calcareous rock mined in Rio Grande do Sul. For many years it was Brazil's major producer of copper and is still an important center of copper mining.

A major deposit of copper ore was discovered in the 1940s by the CBC (Companhia Brasileira do Cobre / Brazilian Copper Company), under the direction of Brazilian industrialist and famous playboy Francisco "Baby" Pignatari. The area, about 5 kilometers from Caçapava, came to be known as the Minas do Camaquã (Camaquã Mines). This large operation contributed enormously to the town's economy and is still the site of operating copper mines, by such companies as Majestic Diamonds & Metals.

The area has several interesting natural formations. Nearby lies Pedra do Segredo (Stone of the Secret), a natural outcropping of stone that attracts mountain climbers and tourists from all over the state and elsewhere.[citation needed]


The city is located at latitude 30º30'44"S and longitude 53º29'29"W, at an altitude of 444 meters (1,443 ft). It has a geographical area of 3,044.8 km².

Landscape of Guaritas, about 50 km from the Brazilian city of South Caçapava

Main tourist attractions[edit]

  • Pedra do Segredo (Stone of the Secret)
  • Dom Pedro II Fort
  • Cascata do Salso (Salso Waterfall)
  • Minas do Camaquã (Camaquã Mines)
  • Casa de Borges de Medeiros (Borges of Medeiros' House)
  • Casa dos Ministérios - Farrapos (House of the Ministers of Poverty, literally "Ministries of Tatters")
  • Igreja Matriz Nossa Sra Assunção (Our Lady of Assumption Church and compound)
  • Guaritas (considered the 7th natural wonder of Rio Grande do Sul)[citation needed]

Nearby Municipalities[edit]