Pittsburg (Hasidic dynasty)
Pittsburg is a Hasidic dynasty founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1924 by Rabbi Yosef Leifer, a Hungarian rabbi and descendant of Rabbi Mordechai of Nadvorna. This is one of the few Hasidic dynasties named after an American city (others are Boston, Cleveland, Milwaukee and Philadelphia).
After flourishing in America for 46 years, the Hasidut was relocated to the Israeli coastal city of Ashdod under the leadership of Rabbi Yosef Leifer's son and successor, Rabbi Avraham Abba Leifer. Today the Hasidut is led by Rabbi Avraham Abba's son, Rabbi Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer, who presides over a nucleus of about 100 Pittsburger families in Ashdod as well as families in Jerusalem, Bnei Brak, Beit Hilkia, New York and California. Owing to the small size of the Hasidut, each member has a personal relationship with the Rebbe and Rebbetzin, who speak English, Hebrew and Yiddish.
When Rabbi Avraham Abba Leifer moved the Hasidut to the Israeli city of Ashdod in 1970, the city had hardly any religious residents and no Torah schools, aside from the Grodno Yeshiva for high-school-age boys. Thanks to the decades-long efforts of Rabbi Avraham Abba and his son and successor, Rabbi Mordechai Yissachar Ber, Pittsburg now operates a cheder with over 300 students, two yeshivas with 90 students, and several kollels for married men. The Hasidut has also attracted formerly non-observant Jews through the Rebbe's shiurim (classes), tishen and personal interaction. Pittsburger families are concentrated in Rova Gimmel (the third quarter) of Ashdod.
Pittsburg is famous for its heartfelt niggunim, many of which were composed by the second and third Pittsburger Rebbes. These melodies are known throughout the world and are even sung at the tishen of other Rebbes. One of the most famous is the tune for Ilan, Ilan, Bameh Avarechecha ("Tree, tree, with what can I bless you?"), which was written by the second Pittsburger Rebbe and first sung by the Rebbe at a brit milah ceremony in Bnei Brak on Rosh Chodesh Nisan 1977 — the first day of the month in which Jews traditionally recite a blessing over fruit trees. A fascinating story in connection with the niggun and the baby at the bris was printed in the English Hamodia newspaper in 2006.
Rebbes of Pittsburg
- Yosef Leifer, the Tzidkas Yosef (1891–1966)
- Avraham Abba Leifer (1918–1990)
- Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer (b. )
- "Overview of Pittsburgh: A Warm Hasidic Community in Ashdod, Israel". www.pittsburghdynasty.org. Retrieved February 2010.
- Venafshi by Pittsburg Mostly music.com.
- Growise, Avraham (15 February 2006). "A Mission Fulfilled". Hamodia newspaper. Retrieved February 2010.