Law enforcement in Pakistan

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The police logo of Pakistan.
Police honorary ribbon.

Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے‎) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.[1][2] In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment.[3] The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.[2]

Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory.[4] Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.[3]

The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, the National Highways and Motorway Police and the Railways Police.[3] The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary and Frontier Corps.[3] Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.[5]

Agencies[edit]

A constable of the Sindh Police in uniform with a handgun on his belt.
ANF officer checking passengers at Jinnah International Airport.
A young Pakistani Elite Police commando.
  • Airports Security Force, Prompts safety of Civil Aviation through development of legal framework, practices, procedures, technical and human resources to prevent/respond to acts of unlawful interference within airport premises.
    • Director General: Maj Gen Sohail Ahmad Khan HI(M)
    • Deputy Director General: Brigadier Imran Ul Haq SI(M).
  • Anti-Narcotics Force, A Federal Executive bureau of the Government of Pakistan, tasked with combating the narcotics smuggling and use within Pakistan.
    • Director General: Major General Nasir Dilawar Shah
  • Federal Investigation Agency, A border control, counter-intelligence and security agency under the Ministry of Interior of Pakistan, tasked with investigative jurisdiction on undertaking operations against terrorism, espionage, federal crimes, fascism, smuggling as well as infringement and other specific crimes.[6]
    • Director General: Bashir Ahmed, PSP
  • Special Security Unit : (SSU) is a specialized counterterrorism andv security unit of the Sindh Police in Pakistan. It is a Karachi-based unit, with its operational jurisdiction extending throughout Sindh as a whole. It was established in 2010 in response to increased rates of terrorism. The unit reports to the IG Sindh and DIGP Security/Commandant Mr. Lt.(R) Maqsood Ahmed is the founding head of the unit
    • Director : Lt.(R) Maqsood Ahmed
  • Frontier Constabulary, (FCon) is a paramilitary police force responsible for maintaining law and order in Pakistan and dealing with Situations out of the capabilities of Normal Police Force of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It was Founded in the British Indian Empire in 1913, it was named after the former North-West Frontier Province.[3]
    • Commandant: Liaqat Ali PSP, CFC/ IGFC
  • National Crises Management Cell (NCMC) is a primary domestic intelligence, assessment and management institution, operational under the Ministry of Interior (MoI)under the jurisdiction of the Government of Pakistan. Its other activities involve building efforts towards counter-intelligence, counter-proliferation, and counter-insurgency as well as assisting the Government at all levels of commands, in managing intelligence. In Punjab it retains a Special Surveillance Unit (SSU) which is headed by a Director (SSU)Pb.
    • Director General: Tariq Lodhi
    • Director Islamabad : Dr. Tariq Ishaque PAS[7]
    • Director: Kashif Lali(SSU)Pb
  • National Highways and Motorway Police, NH&MP is a police force in Pakistan that is responsible for enforcement of traffic and safety laws, security and recovery on Pakistan's National Highways and Motorway network. The NH&MP use SUVs, cars and heavy motorbikes for patrolling purposes and uses speed cameras for enforcing speed limits.
    • Inspector General: Shaukat Hayat, PSP
  • National Police Academy, a training centre for the senior officers of civilian police agencies
    • Commandant: Fayyaz Leghari
  • Pakistan Coast Guard, a paramilitary force operating along the coast of Pakistan
  • Pakistan Railways Police, operating on the railway system of Pakistan
    • Inspector General: Munir Chishti
  • Pakistan Customs, operating on the Airports and Seaports of Pakistan.
  • Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation - FBR.
  • Gilgit Baltistan Scouts, a paramilitary force operating along the northern cities of Pakistan
Provincial

Designations of PSP officers[edit]

Grade Police Ranks Directorial/Secretarial Appointment
BPS-17
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Assistant Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Assistant Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Assistant District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
BPS-18
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Deputy Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
BPS-19
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Additional Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Course Commander, National Police Academy
  • Additional Director, Special Security Unit
  • Additional Director, National Crises Management Cell
BPS-20
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, NACTA Headquarters
  • Deputy Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Deputy Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Director, Special Security Unit
  • Director, National Crises Management Cell
  • Deputy Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Director, National Police Bureau
  • Director, National Police Academy
BPS-21
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Additional Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, National Police Bureau
  • Joint Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, National Crises Management Cell
  • Additional Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Deputy National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
BPS-22
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Secretary, Ministry of Interior
  • National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
  • Chairman, National Public Safety Commission
  • Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
BPS-SG
  • No special appointment
  • Secretary General, Ministry of Interior

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan's Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). www.usip.org/. U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  4. ^ Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan". ispu.org. Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Terrorist's financing, FIA tracks down 18 bank accounts | Pakistan | Dunya News". 
  7. ^ "NACTA". Retrieved 3 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Vision". Balochistan Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  9. ^ a b c "Current Expenditure (2010-2011)". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Rs 152 bn Balochistan Budget 2010-11 presented". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Development project". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Levies force restored in Balochistan". Dawn Media Group. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "Levies directorate". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  14. ^ "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  15. ^ "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  16. ^ Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan) Archived 2010-03-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  18. ^ Faisal, Muhammad (4 March 2014). "Failure to check corruption: Police mull razakar force abolition". The Dawn. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 

External links[edit]