Law enforcement in Pakistan

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The police logo of Pakistan.
Police honorary ribbon.

Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: نفاذ قانون کے ادارے‎) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.[1][2] In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment.[3] The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.[2]

Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory.[4] Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.[3]

The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Federal Board of Revenue, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, the National Highways and Motorway Police and the Railways Police.[3] The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary and Frontier Corps.[3] Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who is the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.[5]

Designations of PSP officers[edit]

Grade Police Ranks Directorial/Secretarial Appointment
BPS-17
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Assistant Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Assistant Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Assistant District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
  • Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO)
BPS-18
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Deputy Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
  • District Police Officer (DPO) of smaller districts
BPS-19
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Additional Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Course Commander, National Police Academy
  • Additional Director, Financial Monitoring Unit
  • Additional Director, Special Security Unit
  • Additional Director, National Crisis Management Cell
  • District Police Officer (DPO) of larger districts
  • City Police Officer (CPO)
BPS-20
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, NACTA Headquarters
  • Deputy Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Deputy Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Director, Special Security Unit
  • Director, National Crises Management Cell
  • Deputy Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Director, National Police Bureau
  • Director, Financial Monitoring Unit
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Regional Police Officer (RPO) of a division
  • Capital City Police Officer (CCPO)
  • City Police Officer (CPO)
BPS-21
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Additional Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, National Police Bureau
  • Joint Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, National Crises Management Cell
  • Additional Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Deputy National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
BPS-22
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Secretary, Ministry of Interior
  • National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
  • Chairman, National Public Safety Commission
  • Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Inspector General, Pakistan Railways
BPS-SG
  • No special appointment
  • Secretary General, Ministry of Interior

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan's Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). www.usip.org/. U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
  4. ^ Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan". ispu.org. Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  5. ^ Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015.