Blue finch

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Blue finch
Porphyrospiza caerulescens - Blue Finch (male).JPG
A male blue finch at Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais state, Brazil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Porphyrospiza
P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873
Species: P. caerulescens
Binomial name
Porphyrospiza caerulescens
(Wied, 1840)

Passerina caerulescens (Wied, 1840)

The blue finch or yellow-billed blue finch (Porphyrospiza caerulescens) is a species of small bird. Although it was long classified in the bunting and American sparrow family Emberizidae,[1][2] or the cardinal family Cardinalidae,[3] more recent molecular studies have shown it fits comfortably in the Thraupini tribe within the family Thraupidae.[4] It is assigned to the monotypic genus Porphyrospiza.[2]

It is found in Bolivia and Brazil, where its natural habitat is dry savanna. It is becoming rare due to habitat loss.[1]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Porphyrospiza caerulescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "ITIS Report: Porphyrospiza". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Burns, Kevin J.; Schultz, Allison J.; Title, Pascal O.; Mason, Nicholas A.; Barker, F. Keith; Klicka, John; Lanyon, Scott M.; Lovette, Irby J. (June 2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006. 
  4. ^ Klicka, John; Burns, Kevin; Spellman, Garth M. (December 2007). "Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: A molecular perspective". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 45 (3): 1014–1032. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.07.006. 

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