Prune juice

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Prune juice bottles.jpg
Bottles of prune juice
Nutritional value per 1 cup canned prune juice
44.67 g
Sugars42.11 g
Dietary fiber2.6 g
.08 g
1.56 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Thiamine (B1)
4%
.041 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
15%
.179 mg
Niacin (B3)
13%
2.010 mg
Vitamin B6
43%
.558 mg
Vitamin C
13%
10.5 mg
Vitamin E
2%
.31 mg
Vitamin K
8%
8.7 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
3%
31 mg
Iron
23%
3.02 mg
Magnesium
10%
36 mg
Phosphorus
9%
64 mg
Potassium
15%
707 mg
Sodium
1%
10 mg
Zinc
6%
.54 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water207.97 g

182 calories per cup
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Prune juice is a fruit juice derived from prunes (dried plums) that have been rehydrated.[2] It is a mass-produced product that is often produced using a hot extraction method, and juice concentrate is typically produced using a low-temperature extraction method. It is used by some as a dietary supplement to act as a laxative and to alleviate constipation. It is also sometimes used as a flavor enhancer in tobacco products. It is an ingredient in many cocktails, such as the Purple Dragon,[3] Constipolitan,[4] Go with the Flow, Bowel Banger, Old Yeller, Pile Driver, and Smooth Move.[5]

Composition[edit]

In the United States, bottled or canned prune juice contains "not less than 18.5% by the weight of water-soluble solids extracted from dried plums".[6] It is considered to be a high-fiber food.[7]

Phytochemicals[edit]

Prune juice and plums contain phytochemicals, including phenolic compounds (mainly as neochlorogenic acids and chlorogenic acids) and sorbitol.[8][7]

Production[edit]

Prune juice is often produced using hot extraction methods, whereby the prunes are cooked in hot water, becoming a liquid extract, which is then processed into juice.[2] The process of heating and extraction may occur several times with the same batch of prunes, with the collective extracts from each processing then mixed together to create the final product.[2] Prune juice is a mass-produced product.[9]

Prune juice is also produced as a concentrate, whereby low temperature water is used to create a liquid extract.[6] The concentrate has a high sugar content, and is used by food processors to enhance the flavor of and sweeten products, as a humectant to retain moisture in cookies and cakes, and as an ingredient in cereal bars to bind the ingredients.[10]

As a dietary supplement[edit]

Prunes may provide a natural laxative effect, and prune juice may serve as a natural laxative for cases of mild constipation.[11] In 1990, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration stated that "the common prune was not an effective laxative".[6]

History[edit]

United States[edit]

Duffy-Mott began producing prune juice in 1933, which was purveyed under the Sunsweet brand name.[12]

The commercial distribution of prune juice in the United States first occurred in 1934, which "began with an output of only 40,000 cases".[9]

Other uses[edit]

Prune juice concentrate, prune extracts and plum extracts are sometimes used as an additive in tobacco products to enhance flavor.[10]

Toilet water[edit]

In central Pennsylvania during the early days of prohibition in the United States, some bootleggers sold a dangerous concoction facetiously referred to as whiskey, which was also called "toilet water", that consisted of colognes, perfumes and prune juice mixed together.[13]

In popular culture[edit]

In the Star Trek episode "Yesterday's Enterprise", the Klingon character Worf is introduced to prune juice by Guinan.[14] He declares that it is a "warrior's drink" and begins to drink it regularly in subsequent episodes, even carrying the habit over to Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.[15]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Food Composition Databases Show Foods – Prune juice, canned". USDA Food Composition Databases. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Woodroof, J. (2012). Commercial Fruit Processing. Springer Netherlands. pp. 311–312. ISBN 978-94-011-7385-8. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  3. ^ http://www.prunejuice.org/purple-dragon-cocktail-recipe.html
  4. ^ https://www.barnonedrinks.com/drinks/c/constipolitan-11116.html
  5. ^ https://itchyfish.com/cocktail-recipes-5-cocktails-made-with-prune-juice-bowel-banger-smooth-move-piledriver-and-more/
  6. ^ a b c Varzakas, T.; Labropoulos, A.; Anestis, S. (2012). Sweeteners: Nutritional Aspects, Applications, and Production Technology. CRC Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-4398-7673-2. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Atherton, Matt (February 13, 2019). "Stomach bloating – the 80p fruit juice to get rid of trapped wind pain and tummy aches". Express.co.uk. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  8. ^ Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, M; Bowen, PE; Hussain, EA; Damayanti-Wood, BI; Farnsworth, NR (2001). "Chemical composition and potential health effects of prunes: a functional food?". Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 41 (4): 251–86. doi:10.1080/20014091091814. PMID 11401245.
  9. ^ a b Tressler, D.K.; Joslyn, M.A. (1954). The chemistry and technology of fruit and vegetable juice production. Avi Pub. Co. p. 40. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Additives in tobacco products: Prune Juice Concentrate". 2012. German Cancer Research Center.
  11. ^ Piirainen, Laura; Peuhkuri, Katri; Bäckström, Karin; Korpela, Riitta; Salminen, Seppo (July 1, 2007). "Prune juice has a mild laxative effect in adults with certain gastrointestinal symptoms". Nutrition Research. 27 (8): 511–513. doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2007.06.008. ISSN 0271-5317.
  12. ^ Canning Trade. Canning Trade, inc. 1966. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  13. ^ Mcclure, Joe (February 24, 2019). "Prohibition in central Pennsylvania brought mixed results in first months". pennlive.com. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  14. ^ James Van Hise (1992), Trek: The Next Generation, p. 111, ISBN 1-55698-353-0
  15. ^ Ethan Phillips, William J. Birnes (2012), Star Trek Cookbook, p. 126, ISBN 978-1-4516-8696-8

Further reading[edit]