Tomato juice

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Tomato Juice in a glass, decorated with tomato slice and sprig
Tomato juice, canned, salt added
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 73 kJ (17 kcal)
4.24 g
Sugars 3.56 g
Dietary fiber 0.4 g
0.05 g
0.76 g
Vitamins
Vitamin C
(22%)
18.3 mg
Other constituents
Water 93.90 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Tomato juice is a juice made from tomatoes. It is usually used as a beverage, either plain or in cocktails such as a Bloody Mary or Michelada.

History[edit]

Tomato juice was first served as a beverage in 1917 by Louis Perrin at the French Lick Springs Hotel in southern Indiana, when he ran out of orange juice and needed a quick substitute. His combination of squeezed tomatoes, sugar and his special sauce became an instant success as Chicago businessmen spread the word about the tomato juice cocktail.[1][2]

Production[edit]

Many commercial manufacturers of tomato juice also add salt. Other ingredients are also often added, such as onion powder, garlic powder, and other spices. In the United States, mass-produced tomato juice began to be marketed in the mid 1920s, and became a popular breakfast drink a few years thereafter.[3] In Canada, by law, tomato juice must be made from whole tomatoes; in the United States, most tomato juice is made from tomato paste.[4]

Health[edit]

Tomato juice contains the antioxidant lycopene, which may confer some health benefit.[5]

Nutritional information[edit]

1 cup of canned tomato juice (243 ml) contains, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA):[6]

  • Calories : 41
  • Fat: 0.12
  • Carbohydrates: 10.30
  • Fibers: 1
  • Protein: 1.85
  • Cholesterol: 0

Uses[edit]

Tomato juice with other ingredients found in Bloody Mary mix

In Canada and Mexico, tomato juice is popular mixed with beer, the concoction is known in Canada as Calgary Red-Eye and in Mexico as Cerveza preparada. Tomato juice is the base for the cocktails Bloody Mary and Bloody Caesar, and the cocktail mixer Clamato.

Tomato juice is frequently used as a packing liquid for canned tomatoes, though it is sometimes replaced by tomato purée for international commerce due to tariff issues on vegetables vs. sauces. According to Cook's Illustrated magazine, tomatoes packed in juice as opposed to purée tend to win taste tests, being perceived as fresher tasting.[citation needed]

Tomato juice is used in the preparation of tomato juice agar, used to culture various species of Lactobacillus.

Among airplane passengers, tomato juice has an increased popularity, e.g. Lufthansa served more than 1.7 million litres of tomato juice in 2008 - more than beer (at 1.65 million litre). Research has shown this could be because of the different pressure conditions in flights, which alter taste receptors.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]