Pyongyang International Airport

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Pyongyang International Airport

평양국제비행장
Pyongyang Sunan International Airport logo.png
FNJ Terminal 2.jpg
Pyongyang Sunan International Airport Terminal 2
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of North Korea
ServesPyongyang, North Korea
LocationSunan District, Pyongyang, North Korea
Hub forAir Koryo
Elevation AMSL36 m / 118 ft
Coordinates39°13′26″N 125°40′12″E / 39.22389°N 125.67000°E / 39.22389; 125.67000Coordinates: 39°13′26″N 125°40′12″E / 39.22389°N 125.67000°E / 39.22389; 125.67000
Websitepyongyanginternational.com
Map
FNJ is located in North Korea
FNJ
FNJ
Location in North Korea
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,800 12,467 Concrete
17/35 3,200 10,499 Concrete
Pyongyang International Airport
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationPyeongyang Gukje Bihaengjang
McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngyang Kukche Pihaengchang

Pyongyang International Airport (IATA: FNJ, ICAO: ZKPY), also known as the Pyongyang Sunan International Airport,[1] is the main airport serving Pyongyang, capital of North Korea. It is located in the city's Sunan District. As of August 2018, Air China and Air Koryo are servicing Pyongyang International Airport and the two destination countries from Pyongyang International Airport are China and Russia.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The first airport in Pyongyang was located east of the Taedong River. However, after World War II there was a need for a newer airport, and Sunan Airfield was constructed.

During the Korean War, the airport was occupied by United Nations forces for seven weeks in late 1950. The forces flew large amounts of supplies to Sunan during this period. On 13 May 1953, the airport was inundated when the US Air Force bombed Toksan Dam. After an armistice was signed two months later, the North Korean Government started repairing and expanding the airport.[2]

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2000, Aeroflot discontinued its flights from Moscow and later discontinued its services from Khabarovsk. Russian Sky Airlines operated charter services to Pyongyang from Russian destinations during the mid 2000s operated by Il-62M and Il-86 aircraft[3][4][5][6] China Southern Airlines offered scheduled charter flights to and from Beijing during the peak season only, and permanently pulled its flights in October 2006.[7] In March 2008, Air China re-established service to Beijing on a Boeing 737, three days a week,[8] and suspended due to lack of demand on 22 November 2017.[9] Air Koryo,[10] Korean Air and Asiana Airlines also provided chartered flight services to Seoul and Yangyang on the east coast of South Korea from Pyongyang. These flights were used by Korean family members visiting divided family across the border; these services were halted after the ending of the Sunshine Policy by South Korea in 2008.[5] In June 2018, Air China resumed service from Beijing Capital Airport to Pyongyang.[11]

Modernization[edit]

By early 2011, an interim facility handling international flights had been constructed just south of the existing terminal. By early 2012, demolition of the existing terminal, which Kim Jong-un deemed too small and outdated, had begun. In July 2012, he ordered the construction of a new terminal.[12] Besides this, a new control tower and VIP terminal north of the main terminal were also constructed.[13] The project became part of a "speed campaign", in which thousands of workers were enlisted to quickly complete it.[14]

September 2017 missile test[edit]

On September 15 at about 6:30am KST, North Korea fired a Hwasong-12 missile from the airport. The missile traveled 3,700 kilometers (2,300 mi) and reached a maximum height of 770 kilometers (480 mi).[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

Air Koryo Tupolev Tu-204-300 (P-632) at Pyongyang Sunan's Terminal 2 in October 2015

Pyongyang International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 opened in January 2016 and solely handles domestic flights.[16] It is connected to Terminal 2,[16] the international terminal that was inaugurated on 1 July 2015.[17][18] The terminal has jet bridges and at least 12 check-in counters.[19][20] Amenities include a duty-free store, coffee bar, newsstand and Internet room.[20][21]

The airport has one functioning runway which is designated 01/19 and measures 4,000 by 60 metres (13,120 ft × 200 ft).[22] Another runway, 17/35, is not in use as of 2013.[23][1]

Yonhap reported in September 2016 that a maintenance facility had been constructed at the Pyongyang airport. Located about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from runway 01/19, the facility includes aircraft hangars and apartment buildings for high-ranking officials and Air Koryo employees.[24]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Beijing–Capital[11]
Air Koryo Beijing–Capital,[25], Shanghai-Pudong,[26] Shenyang,[25] Vladivostok[25]
Charter: Zhengzhou,[27] Yanji,[28] Harbin[29]

Access[edit]

The airport is located approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city,[17] about a 20-minute drive.[30] In addition, Sunan Station located on the Pyongui Line of Korean State Railway is located 800 metres (2,600 ft) away from the Pyongyang airport terminal building.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pyongyang Intl -- ZKPY". World Aero Data. 2006. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  2. ^ Corfield, Justin (2014). Historical Dictionary of Pyongyang. London, UK and New York, NY: Anthem Press. p.198.
  3. ^ "✈ russianplanes.net ✈ наша авиация". russianplanes.net.
  4. ^ "✈ russianplanes.net ✈ наша авиация". russianplanes.net.
  5. ^ a b Willoughby, Robert (2014). North Korea: The Bradt Travel Guide. Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press Inc. ISBN 978-1-84162-476-1.
  6. ^ "1985/86: AEROFLOT Network". Airline Route. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  7. ^ "China Southern to Halt Pyongyang Flights". The Chosun Ilbo via China Aviation Daily. 19 October 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  8. ^ Rabinovitch, Simon (31 March 2008). "Air China launches flights to North Korea". Reuters. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Pyongyang flights suspended due to lack of demand". China Daily. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  10. ^ "air koryo | 2003 | 2045 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  11. ^ a b "Air China resumes Pyongyang service from June 2018".
  12. ^ "10 things to know about North Korea's new airport terminal". The Straits Times. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  13. ^ "North Korea to open new terminal at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport". Airport Technology. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  14. ^ "North Korea enlists thousands of workers to finish new airport". Associated Press via The Guardian. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  15. ^ "North Korea 'fires missile from Pyongyang'". BBC. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Terminal 1 of Pyongyang Sunan Int'l Airport starts operation in DPRK". Xinhua News Agency. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  17. ^ a b "North Korea's 'landmark' airport terminal to open on July 1". The Japan Times. AFP-Jiji. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  18. ^ "With much fanfare, fancy new terminal opens at Pyongyang's international airport". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  19. ^ Shim, Elizabeth (2 July 2015). "North Korea: Airport terminal is 'new face' of country". United Press International. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  20. ^ a b "10 things to know about North Korea's new airport terminal". The Straits Times. Singapore. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  21. ^ Talmadge, Eric (27 August 2015). "North Korea's shiny new airport falls short of expectations". The Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  22. ^ "ZKPY - Pyongyang Airport". SkyVector. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  23. ^ Corfield, Justin (2013). Historical Dictionary of Pyongyang. London, UK: Anthem Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-85728-234-7.
  24. ^ "N. Korea builds large-scale maintenance complex for Air Koryo planes: report". Yonhap. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  25. ^ a b c "timetable".
  26. ^ https://www.upi.com/North-Koreas-Air-Koryo-flying-to-Shanghai-twice-weekly/4641531405476/
  27. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Koryo Adds Pyongyang – Zhengzhou Tourist Charters Sep/Oct 2014".
  28. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Koryo Adds Yanji Service from August 2013; Kuala Lumpur Service Revision".
  29. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Koryo to Start Pyongyang – Harbin Charter service from late-Apr 2012".
  30. ^ The Rough Guide to Korea. Rough Guides. 2015. ISBN 978-0-241-24637-5.
  31. ^ "平壌~北京間国際列車-平壌→定州". www.2427junction.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.

External links[edit]