Quapaw language

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Native to United States
Region Oklahoma
Ethnicity 160 Quapaw (2000 census)[1]
Native speakers
unknown (35 cited 1990 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qua
Glottolog quap1242[2]
Map showing the distribution of Oklahoma Indian Languages

Quapaw, or Arkansas, is a Siouan language of the Quapaw people, originally from a region in present-day Arkansas. It is now spoken in Oklahoma.

It is similar to the other Dhegihan languages: Kansa, Omaha, Osage and Ponca.

Written Documentation[edit]

The Quapaw language is well documented in fieldnotes and publications from many individuals including in 1827 by George Izard, 1882 by Lewis F. Hadley, from 19th-century linguist James Owen Dorsey, in 1940 by Frank T. Siebert, and, in the 1970s, by linguist Robert Rankin.[1]


Ardina Moore teaches Quapaw language classes through the tribe.[3] As of 2012, Quapaw language lessons are available online or by DVD.[3]

An online audio lexicon of the Quapaw language is available on the a website hosted by the tribe to assist language learners, [2]

The 2nd Annual Dhegiha Gathering in 2012 brought Quapaw, Osage, Kaw, Ponca, and Omaha speakers together to share best practices in language revitalization.[4]


  1. ^ a b Quapaw at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Quapaw". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b "Quapaw Language." Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma. Retrieved 9 Dec 2013.
  4. ^ "Dhegiha Gathering Agenda, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-22. 

External links[edit]