April 21, 1879|
Yogyakarta, Dutch East Indies
|Died||September 20, 1952
Ngawi, East Java, Indonesia
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Radjiman started learning medicine when he dropped his son off at school and listened to the lesson. At age 20, attained a medical degree and received a Master of Art by the age of 24. He also studied in the Netherlands, France, England and America.
After 1934 he chose to stay at Dirgo Village, Widodaren District to serve as a physician during the plague. His home is now a 134-year-old site.
Radjiman is one of the founders of the organization Budi Utomo and was the leader from 1914-1915.
Radjiman is the only person who engaged in struggle for independence; starting from the formation of Sampoerna Utomo BPUPKI. The Budi Utomo proposed the establishment of a people's militia in every region in Indonesia. The Netherlands (Indonesia's colonizers) offered compensation in the form of the Volksraad (advisory group) and Radjiman entered it as a representative of Sampoerna Utomo.
At the hearing on May 29, 1945, he asked, "What is the basis for any future independent state of Indonesia?" This question was answered by the Bung Karno with Pancasila. Answers and descriptions about the Bung Karno Indonesia Pancasila as the state were then written by Radjiman as chairman of BPUPKI in an introductory book published by Pancasila in 1948 in Dirgo. Documents discovered later in Dirgo showed that Sukarno's Pancasila is the originator of the Founding Fathers.
On August 9, 1945 he brought Bung Karno and Bung Hatta to Saigon and Da Lat to find the leader of the Japanese army in East Asia, linked to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which ended the war and created a power vacuum in Indonesia.
In the period after independence, Radjiman was a member of DPA, KNIP and leader of the first Parliament in the current session of Indonesia back into the unitary state of the RIS.