Djuanda Kartawidjaja

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Djuanda Kartawidjaja.jpg
10th Prime Minister of Indonesia
In office
9 April 1957 – 9 July 1959
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byAli Sastroamidjojo
Succeeded bySukarno
11th Minister of Finance of Indonesia
In office
10 July 1959 – 6 March 1962
PresidentSukarno
Preceded bySutikno Slamet
Succeeded byR. M. Notohamiprodjo
11th Minister of Defence of Indonesia
In office
9 April 1957 – 9 July 1959
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byAli Sastroamidjojo
Succeeded byAbdul Haris Nasution
5th Minister of Public Works of Indonesia
In office
29 January 1948 – 4 August 1949
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byHerling Laoh
Succeeded byHerling Laoh
3rd Minister of Transportation of Indonesia
In office
6 September 1950 – 30 July 1953
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byMananti Sitompul
Succeeded byAbikoesno Tjokrosoejoso
In office
2 October 1946 – 4 August 1949
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byEndun Abdul Karim
Succeeded byHerling Laoh
Personal details
Born(1911-01-14)14 January 1911
Tasikmalaya, Dutch East Indies
Died7 November 1963(1963-11-07) (aged 52)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Cause of deathHeart Attack
NationalityIndonesia
ProfessionTechnocrat

Djuanda Kartawidjaja (EYD: Juanda Kartawijaya; 14 January 1911 – 7 November 1963) was an ethnic Sundanese noble from the court of Cirebon, an Indonesian politician and the 11th and the final Prime Minister of Indonesia. Raden Djuanda Kartawidjaja, usually referred to simply as Djuanda, served as Minister of Communications in seven cabinets from 1946 to 1949 and 1950 to 1953; as Minister of State in 1949 and Minister of Welfare from 1949 to 1950. Djuanda was Indonesia's final Prime Minister in Sukarno "Karya" cabinets, the final cabinets of the Liberal Democracy Era (prior to the Guided Democracy period) and as First Minister from 1959 until his death in 1963.

Djuanda's death and the abolition of the post of Prime Minister in the Indonesian Republican system allowed far greater power to be exercised by the President- now being given full ruling power with minimal oversight, as both Head of State and Head of Government. This had an enormous impact on Indonesian politics, allowing the constitutional legality of the autocracy of Sukarno and Suharto.

The Rp50,000 banknote depicting Djuanda Kartawidjaja

Juanda International Airport, located in Surabaya, is named after him, who suggested development for the airport. Juanda railway station in Jakarta got its name from the nearby road, which is also named after him. He is also depicted in the recent 2016 edition of Rp 50,000 Indonesian rupiah banknotes.[1]

Honour[edit]

Foreign honour[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ricklefs (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3
  • Simanjuntak, P.H.H (2003) Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (Cabinets of the Republic of Indonesia: From the Start of Independence to the Reform Era), Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta, ISBN 979-428-499-8
  1. ^ Angga Aliya ZRF (19 December 2016). "Rupiah Desain Baru Terbit Hari Ini". detikfinance. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1959" (PDF).