Pierre Tendean

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Pierre Tendean
Tendean.jpg
Tendean, c. 1963
Born (1939-02-21)February 21, 1939
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Died October 1, 1965(1965-10-01) (aged 26)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Buried at Kalibata Heroes Cemetery
Allegiance  Indonesia
Service/branch Lambang TNI AD.png Indonesian Army
Years of service 1962–1965
Rank First Lieutenant (at death)
Captain (posthumously)
Awards National Hero of Indonesia

Pierre Andreas Tendean (Batavia, February 21, 1939 – Jakarta, October 1, 1965) was a victim of the 30th September Movement (G30S) and is an Indonesian national hero.

Early life[edit]

Tendean was the only son of A.L. Tendean from Minahasa and Indo (Eurasian) mother Cornet M.E. of Dutch and French descent.[1] He had an older sister, Mitze Farre, and younger sister, Rooswidiati. Tendean’s father was a doctor and held posts in hospitals in Jakarta, Tasikmalaya, Cisarua, Magelang, and Semarang. Tendean attended elementary school in Magelang and middle school and high school in Semarang. His desire after completing grade school was to attend the National Military Academy (Indonesian: Akademi Militer Nasional). However, his parents wanted him to become a doctor like his father or an engineer. The compromise was for Pierre to attend the Army’s engineering academy (Indonesian: Akademi Teknik Angkatan Darat (ATEKAD)), which he started at in 1958.

Military career[edit]

Tendean received battlefield experience while in the academy when he was sent to West Sumatra with his fellow cadets to participate in a military operation named "Sapta Marga". At that time Tendean was a Corporal and was assigned to the Army’s Corps of Engineers (Indonesian: Zeni Tempur). In 1962, Tendean graduated from ATEKAD and was given the rank Second Lieutenant (Indonesian: Letnan Dua (Letda) Czi). His first assignment was as Platoon Commander in the 2nd Battalion of the Corps of Engineers in the 2nd Regional Military Command (Indonesian: Komandan Peleton Batalyon Zeni Tempur 2 Komando Daerah Militer II (Danton Yon Zipur 2 / Dam II) ) in Medan.[1]

The following year, Tendean received intelligence training in Bogor and was subsequently assigned to the Army Central Intelligence Service (Indonesian: Dinas Pusat Intelijen Angkatan Darat (DIPIAD)). He was sent to the front lines during the confrontation with Malaysia known as "Dwikora", where he led a group of volunteers in several infiltrations into Malaysia performing intelligence gathering. On April 15, 1965, Tendean was promoted to First Lieutenant (Indonesian: Letnan Satu (Lettu)) and was assigned as a personal aide to General Abdul Haris Nasution.

30th September Movement[edit]

Pierre Tendean on a 1966 Indonesia stamp

In the early morning hours of October 1, 1965, troops loyal to the G30S came to Nasution’s house with the intention of kidnapping him. Shots were fired awakening Tendean who was staying in the general’s housing complex. He was apprehended by the troops and was mistaken for Nasution in the darkened villa. Nasution himself was able to escape in the confusion. Tendean was brought to Lubang Buaya along with six high-ranking officers of the army. He was shot to death, and his body thrown into an old well with those of the other captives.

On 5 October 1965, President Sukarno named Pierre Tendean a national hero for his dedication and sacrifice to the nation. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Captain and buried in the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery. He was 26 years old.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Masykuri (1983). Pierre Tendean. Jakarta: Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Sejarah Nasional, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (Indonesian)
  • "Kapten Czi Anumerta Pierre Andries Tendean". Accessed August 14, 2007. (Indonesian)