The place-name 'Rawreth' is first attested in the Pipe Rolls for 1177, where it appears as Raggerea. It appears as Ragherethe in the Feet of Fines for 1240, and as Raureth in the Charter Rolls of 1267. The name means 'herons' stream'.
The area is mainly agricultural, sparsely populated, and with a small amount of industry.
Historically most of the farmhouses in Rawreth were moated manors, many of which survive today.
The original parish council was disbanded in the 1930s when the area was united with Rayleigh to form the original urban district. It was reformed in 1994 following the reorganisation of local government.
A stream linked to the River Crouch passes under Church Road near to Rawreth Equestrian Centre. It joins the river near to the A1245 (old A130).
|The Milestone in the photo can be seen on the Ordnance Survey map, grid reference TQ773930.
It is located at the south end of Church Road very close to the bypassing new A130.
There are a number of other map symbols in the Rawreth area. One is a blue horseshoe, which indicates horse riding or equitation.
St Nicholas, Church Road. Medieval in design, only the tower is an original of that era, the majority of the building rebuilt in late Victorian times.
St Nicholas Church of England Primary School closed at its original location and has relocated to a new building just a few metres over the civil parish boundary into Rayleigh.
The Chichester Hotel is supposed to have derived its name from the Norman Knight, Sir John de Chichester, rumoured to have been the first occupant of Chichester Hall, a 13th-century moated farmhouse which still survives. However, during the 16th century the hall was the home of the Andrewes family, one of whom, Lancelot, became Bishop of Chichester (1605 - 1609), and it is more likely the hall was named by him for the eponymous city. In the early 18th century, the hall was home to Thomas Holt White FRS, brother of the celebrated naturalist Gilbert White. White raised the famous Chichester Elm cultivar from a tree which stood in the grounds.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.382.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Downhall and Rawreth ward population 2011". Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- The Chichester Hotel & Restaurant website, http://www.thechichesterhotel.co.uk/
- Benton, P. (1888). The History of the Rochford Hundred. Vol. II. Harrington, London.
Media related to Rawreth at Wikimedia Commons