Rishton High Street
|Area||0.44 sq mi (1.1 km2) |
|Population||6,625 (2011) |
|• Density||15,057/sq mi (5,814/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Rishton // is a town in the Hyndburn district of Lancashire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Clayton-le-Moors and 4 miles (6 km) north east of Blackburn. It was an urban district from about 1894 to 1974. The population at the census of 2011 was 6,625.
Rishton Colliery Burnley Coalfield was begun by P.W. Pickup Ltd in late November 1884 and mining continued until 1941. A tramroad from the pit connected to a coaling wharf on the canal. The National Coal Board used it as a pumping station from 1955 until 1970.on the
The two tiers of local government are Hyndburn Borough Council (a non-metropolitan district with borough status) and Lancashire County Council. Prior to the creation of Hyndburn district in 1974, Rishton had been an urban district, with its own council. It is not within a civil parish. Rishton currently has five elected representatives on the local authorities, all of whom are Labour: two County Councillors (Miles Parkinson and Jenny Molineux) and three Borough Councillors (Michael Miller, Jeff Scales, Kate Walsh).
Rishton is situated in an area of low moorland north east of Blackburn and north west of Accrington. Its elevation above sea level varies from 250 feet (76 m) in the east, where Norden Brook flows into the River Hyndburn, to 785 feet (239 m) on Rishton Height, north west of the town.
Around 0.7 miles from the town is a former sandstone quarry, known locally as Star Delph Quarry. Its use as a sandstone quarry ended in 1897. Part of the quarry contains rocks formed around 314 to 315 million years ago in the Carboniferous period, These rocks contain an imprint from where the roots of a Lepidodendron, which are known as Stigmaria. This quarry is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, and so it is protected by law with those that damage the site facing fines. The exposed rock layers are Fletcher Bank Grit, this is a subgroup of the Millstone Grit.
The 2011 census recorded a population of 6,625 - a decrease of 9.8% from ten years earlier. 96% of the population were in the White British ethnic group. 74.8% of residents identified only as English , while 11.2% identified only as British, and 10.9% identified as British and English. A majority of residents identified as Christian (76.6%), with 16.4% identifying as irreligious, as well as small minorities of Muslims (0.8%) and Buddhists (0.6%) existing in the town.
The main road through Rishton is the A678 Blackburn to Burnley Road; there is also the B6535 (formerly A6064), which connects the town to Great Harwood. The Blackburn Southern Bypass section of the M65 motorway opened in December 1997, bypassing the A678.
In the 19th century, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal was a major transport route in the area. The section of the canal through Rishton was completed in 1810. Rishton Reservoir, which provides water to the canal, was built in 1828. The East Lancashire Railway, which was opened in 1848, crossed the reservoir on a viaduct until 1858; it is now on an embankment.
Rishton railway station, south west of the town centre, is on the East Lancashire line. As of 2018, the route is operated by Northern, and consists of one train per hour between Blackpool South and Colne. Bus services are more frequent, and include the Hyndburn Circular routes and Route 152, both operated by Blackburn Bus Company.
Rishton has over the years been famous for its cricket team, based at Rishton Cricket Club. Notable professionals who have played for the club include Viv Richards in 1987. Other former professionals include former England coach Duncan Fletcher, Michael Holding (former West Indies international), Aussie fast bowler Jason Gillespie, former South African cricket captain Allan Donald and Sri Lankan right-handed batsman and right arm offbreak bowler Kumar Dharmasena.
Rishton United FC provides junior and senior football for over 20 teams for both children and adults. The football club is currently developing its own ground known as the Primtetime Project located next to the canal behind Hyndburn Academy. This will see the club have its own grass pitches and in time, clubhouse and parking. The club has teams ranging from nippers (U7s) through to U16s and men's senior teams.
Rishton Golf Club is located off Petre Crescent, and is an eleven-hole course.
Leisure and tourism
- Rishton Christian Fellowship, Commercial Street.
- Rishton Baptist Church, Commercial Street
- Rishton Methodist Church, Albert Street
- St Charles Borromeo RC Church, St Charles Road
- St Peter and St Paul Church (Anglican), Blackburn Road
- Primitive Methodist Church, School Street
- United Methodist Church, Mary Street
There are three primary schools in Rishton: St. Peter and St. Paul's Church of England Primary School, St. Charles' Roman Catholic Primary School and Rishton Methodist Primary School. There is also one high school: The Hyndburn Academy.
- Martin Dobson – Burnley and Everton F.C. footballer
- Ernest Marsden – assistant to Ernest Rutherford
- Brett Ormerod – Blackpool footballer
- Hardy Falconer Parsons – winner of the Victoria Cross,
- George Tomlinson – Education Minister to Clement Attlee's Government and MP for the Farnworth constituency in Bolton
- Christine Walkden – gardener
- Mark Felix – strongman
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rishton Built-up area (1119882908)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Mills, A.D. (2011) [first published 1991]. A Dictionary of British Place Names (First edition revised 2011 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 391. ISBN 9780199609086.
- Simpson, David (2002). Northern roots: who we are, where we came from and why we speak the way we do. Sunderland: Business Education Publishers. ISBN 978-1-901888-35-5. OCLC 59292921.
- Abram, W.A. (2014) [first published 1877]. A History of Blackburn: Town and Parish. Blackburn: Heritage Publications. p. 181. ISBN 9781291783230.
- Rishton Colliery, Northern Mine Research Society, retrieved 7 April 2018
- Lancashire and Furness (Map). 1 : 2,500. County Series. Ordnance Survey. 1931.
- "Townships: Rishton, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 1911. pp. 344–348. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Key Figures: Area: Rishton (ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Ethnic Group (KS06): Area: Rishton (ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- "Ordnance Survey New Popular Edition Map: Sheet 095". Ordnance Survey. 1947.
- Yeadon, Harry L. (2005). The Motorway Achievement: Building the Network: The North West of England. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 978-1-86077-352-5.
- Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773.
- Clarke, Mike. "The Leeds & Liverpool Canal in Hyndburn" (PDF). Hyndburn Borough Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011.
- Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. pp. 161, 191. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773.
- Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773.
- "Cutwood Park". Hyndburn Borough Council. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- Watkinson, David (18 June 2007). "Three arrested over church vandalism". Lancashire telegraph.
- stringer, phil. "St Charles Borromeo, Rishton – Roman Catholic". Genuki UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Blackburn Diocese: WHALLEY Deanery
- GENUKI: St Peter and St Paul Church of England, Rishton, Lancashire genealogy
- GENUKI: Rishton, Lancashire genealogy
- Ruth follows in George's steps
Media related to Rishton at Wikimedia Commons