Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rennes, Dol and Saint-Malo
|Archdiocese of Rennes, Dol, and Saint-Malo
Archidioecesis Rhedonensis, Dolensis et Sancti Maclovii
Archidiocèse de Rennes, Dol et Saint-Malo
|Area||6,775 km2 (2,616 sq mi)|
|(as of 2014)
840,000 (est.) (82.0%)
|Parishes||79 'new parishes'|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||United: 13 February 1880|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. Peter in Rennes|
|Patron saint||Saint Peter|
|Secular priests||298 (diocesan)
33 (Religious Orders)
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Pierre d'Ornellas|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Nicolas Souchu|
Archdiocese of Rennes
|Website of the Archdiocese|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rennes, Dol, and Saint-Malo (Latin: Archidioecesis Rhedonensis, Dolensis et Sancti Maclovii; French: Archidiocèse de Rennes, Dol et Saint-Malo) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The diocese is coextensive with the department of Ille et Vilaine. The Archdiocese has 8 suffragans: the Diocese of Angers, the Diocese of Laval, the Diocese of Le Mans, the Diocese of Luçon, the Diocese of Nantes, the Diocese of Quimper and Léon, the Diocese of Saint-Brieuc and Tréguier, and the Diocese of Vannes.
In the Middle Ages the Bishop of Rennes had the privilege of crowning the dukes of Brittany in his cathedral. On the occasion of his first entry into Rennes it was customary for him to be borne on the shoulders of four Breton barons.
The Concordat of 1802 re-established the Diocese of Rennes which since then has included: the ancient Diocese of Rennes with the exception of three parishes given to the Diocese of Nantes; the greater part of the ancient Diocese of Dol; the greater part of the ancient Diocese of St. Malo; ten parishes that had formed part of the ancient Diocese of Vannes and Nantes. On 3 January 1859, the See of Rennes, which the French Revolution had desired to make a metropolitan, became an archiepiscopal see, with the Diocese of Quimper and Léon, Diocese of Vannes, and Diocese of St. Brieuc as suffragans. Cardinal Place obtained from Pope Leo XIII permission for the Archbishop of Rennes to add the titles of Dol and St. Malo to that of Rennes.
In 2014, in the Archdiocese of Rennes, Dol, and Saint-Malo there was one priest for every 2,537 Catholics.
Tradition names as first apostles of the future Diocese of Rennes, but of an uncertain date: Saint Maximinus, who was reported to have been a disciple and friend of Saint Paul (died AD 65), Saint Clarus, and Saint Justus. On the other hand, when in the fifth and sixth centuries bands of Christian Britons emigrated from Great Britain to Armorica and formed on its northern coast the small Kingdom of Domnonée, the Gospel was preached for the first time in the future Diocese of Dol and Diocese of Aleth. Among these missionaries were St. Armel, who, according to the legend, founded in the sixth century the town of Ploermel in the Diocese of Vannes and then retired into the forests of Chateaugiron and Janzé and attacked Druidism on the very site of the Dolmen of the Fairy Rocks (La Roche aux Fées); St. Méen (Mevennus) who retired to the solitudes around Pontrecoët and founded the monastery of Gael (550), known afterwards as St. Méen's; and St. Samson and St. Malo.
The earliest historical reference to the See of Rennes dates from 453. An assembly of eight bishops of Provincia Lugdunensis Tertia took place at Angers on 4 October 453 to consecrate a new bishop for Angers. Four of the bishops can be associated with particular Sees. The other four are assigned by scholars to the other dioceses in the ecclesiastical province, one of which was Rennes. One of the four prelates, Sarmatio, Chariato, Rumoridus, and Viventius, was Bishop of Rennes. This bishop's successor, likely his immediate successor, Athenius, took part in the Council of Tours in 461. Louis Duchesne is of opinion that the St. Amandus reckoned by some scholars among the bishops of Rennes at the end of the fifth century is the same as St. Amand of Rodez. He therefore excludes him from his list of authentic bishops.
In 1180 Bishop Philippe, acting in accordance with a dream (it is said), began the replacement of the old cathedral with a new edifice; the eastern part of the building was erected, but various delays hampered the completion of the whole structure. The ceremony of consecration did not take place until 3 November 1359, though the edifice was still uncompleted. A new cathedral which had been built and dedicated to Saint Peter in 1541 was demolished in 1755 and replaced by the current edifice.
The Chapter of the Cathedral of Saint-Pierre was composed of five dignities and sixteen Canons, and sixteen prebends. The dignities were: the Archdeacon of Rennes, the Archdeacon of Le Désert (de Deserto), the Cantor, the Succentor, and the Treasurer. The royal pouillé of 1648 names six dignities, omitting the Succentor and adding the Theologian and Penitentiary. The Treasurer was presented by the Pope. The Chapter, and all the cathedral chapters in France, were suppressed by the Constituent Assembly in 1790.
The diocese also contained three Collegiate Churches which had Canons: La Guerche (founded 1206), Vitré (also founded in 1206), and Champeau (mid-15th cent.). Notre-Dame de Guerche had twelve Canons and prebends, S. Marie Madeleine at Vitry had twenty-two Canons, headed by their Treasurer. Notre-Dame de Champeau had six Canons and prebends, and were headed by a Dean.
In accordance with the terms of the Concordat of Bologna of 1516, between King Francis I of France and Pope Leo X all bishops in France (which at the time did not include "the Three Bishoprics", Metz, Toul and Verdun) were to be nominated by the King and approved (preconized) by the Pope. This was continued under Napoleon by the terms of the Concordat of 1801 and by the Bourbon monarchs and their successors to 1905 by the Concordat of 1817. The practice did not apply during the French Revolution, when the Civil Constitution of the Clergy mandated the election of bishops by qualified electors in each of the new départements of the republic. These 'Constitutional Bishops' were in schism with the Papacy. Therefore, nearly all Archbishops of Rennes from 1516 to 1905 were nominees of the French government. In addition to the nomination of the Bishop of Rennes, the king also held the nomination of the Abbey of Saint-Mélaine (O.S.B.), the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Rillé (O.S.A.), the Abbey of Saint-Georges-de-Rennes aux Nonnains (O.S.B.), and the Abbey of Saint-Sulpice aux Nonnains (O.S.B.).
Noteworthy bishops of the diocese of Rennes are: Marbodus, the hymnographer (1035–1123); the Dominican Yves Mayeuc (1507–41); Arnaud d'Ossat (1596–1600), cardinal in 1599, and prominent in the conversion of Henry IV of France; Godefroy Brossais Saint Marc (1848–78), cardinal in 1875; Charles Place (1878–93), cardinal in 1886; and Guillaume Labouré (1893–1906), cardinal in 1897.
During the Revolution Claude Le Coz (1760–1815), Principal of the Collège de Quimper, was elected Constitutional Bishop of Ille-et-Vilaine. Under the Concordat he became Archbishop of Besançon.
Bishops and Archbishops of Rennes
- Athenius (attested 461)
- Melanius (attested 511)
- Fybediolus (attested 549)
- Victurius (attested 567)
- Haimoaldus (attested 614, 616)
- Rioterus (attested 650)
- Moderamnus ca. 715–720
- Wernarius (attested 843, 859)
- Electramnus (attested 866, 871)
- Nordoardus (attested 950)
- Tetbaldus (ca. 990–1020)
from 1000 to 1500
- Triscanus 
- Mainus  (attested 1027).
- Sylvester de la Guerche (1070 – 1090).
- Marbodius (ca. 1096 – 11 September 1123).
- Roaldus ( ? – 21 November 1126).
- Hamelinus (15 May 1127 – 2 February 1141).
- Alanus (1141 – 1 May 1156)
- Stephanus de la Rochefoucald (1156 – 4 September 1166)
- Robert (1166 – 9 December 1167).
- Étienne de Fougères (1168-1178).
- Philippe (1179 – 1181)
- Jacques (1183 ?)
- Herbert: (by 1184 – 3 December 1198)
- Peter de Dinan (elected before August 1199 – 24 January 1210)
- Pierre de Fougères (1210 – 10 July 1222)
- Josselinus de Montauban (1222/1223 – 31 October 1235)
- Alain (ca. 1237 – before May 1239)
- Jean Gicquel: (1239 – 15 January 1258)
- Aegidius: (October 1258 – 26 September 1259)
- Maurice de Trelidi (Tresguidi): (by 1260 – 18 September 1282)
- Guillaume de la Roche-Tanguy : (1282 – September 1297)
- Jean de Samesio (28 March 1298 – 3 February 1299)
- Aegidius Camelini: (11 February 1299 – ? )
- Ivo : (by 1304 – ca. 1307)
- Alain de Chateaugiron: (1311 – 13 April 1327)
- Guillaume Ouvroing: (18 May 1328 – 1345)
- Artaud, O.S.B. : (24 October 1347 – 1353?)
- Pierre de Valle: (15 April 1353 – 11 January 1357)
- Guillaume Poulart (or Gibon) : (Jun 1357 Appointed - Feb 1359 Appointed, Bishop of Saint-Malo)
- Pierre de Guémené: (14 January 1359 – 1362)
- Radulfus de Tréal: (16 January 1363 – 13 February 1383)
- Guillaume de Briz: (27 April 1384 – 27 August 1386) (Avignon Obedience)
- Antoine de Lovier: (27 August 1386 – 15 October 1389) (Avignon Obedience)
- Anselme de Chantemerle: (8 November 1389 – 1 September 1427) (Avignon Obedience)
- Guillaume Brillet: (26 September 1427 – 26 May 1447)
- Robert de la Riviere (26 May 1447 – 18 March 1450)
- Jacques d'Espinay-Durestal: (25 April 1450 - Oct 1481 Resigned)
- Michel Guibé: (1482 – 1502)
from 1500 to 1800
- Robert Guibé: (1502 – 1507)
- Yvo de Mayeuc, O.P. (1507 – 1539)
- Claude de Dodieu (23 July 1539 – 4 April 1558)
- Bernardin Bochetel (Bouchelet) : (1558 - 1566)
- Bertrand de Marillac : (1565 – 29 May 1573)
- Aymar Hennequin: (3 July 1573 – 13 January 1596)
- Arnaud d'Ossat: (9 Sep 1596 Appointed - 26 Jun 1600 Appointed, Bishop of Bayeux)
- François l'Archiver: (17 June 1602 – 1619)
- Pierre Cornulier: (29 July 1619 – 1640)
- Henri de la Motte-Houdancourt (1640–1660)
- Charles François de Vieuville (1660–1676)
- François de Bouthilier-Chavigny: (1676–1679)
- Jean-Baptiste de Beaumanoir de Lavardin: (8 November 1677 - 23 May 1711)
- Christophe-Louis Turpin de Crissé de Sanzay: (15 Aug 1711 Appointed - 27 Sep 1724 Appointed, Bishop of Nantes)
- Charles-Louis-Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil: (17 Oct 1723 Appointed - 24 Apr 1732 Died)
- Louis-Guy de Guérapin de Vauréal: ( 1732 Appointed - 1758 Resigned)
- Jean-Antoine de Toucheboeuf de Beaumont des Junies: ( 1758 Appointed - 1761 Resigned)
- Henri-Louis-René Des Nos: (16 Aug 1761 Ordained Bishop - 25 Dec 1769 Appointed, Bishop of Verdun)
- François Bareau de Girac: ( 1769 Appointed - 1801 Resigned)
- Jean-Baptiste-Marie de Maillé de la Tour-Landry: (9 Apr 1802 - 25 Nov 1804)
- Etienne-Célestin Enoch: (30 Jan 1805 Appointed - 12 Nov 1819 Retired)
- Charles Mannay: (27 Nov 1819 Appointed - 5 Dec 1824 Died)
- Claude-Louis de Lesquen: (12 Jan 1825 Appointed - 21 Jan 1841 Resigned)
- Geoffroy Brossais Saint-Marc: (25 Feb 1841 Appointed - 26 Feb 1878 Died)
- Charles-Philippe Place: (13 Jun 1878 Appointed - 5 Mar 1893 Died)
- Jean-Natalis-François Gonindard: (5 Mar 1893 Succeeded - 17 May 1893 Died)
- Guillaume-Marie-Joseph Labouré: (13 Jun 1893 Appointed - 21 Apr 1906 Died)
- Auguste-René-Marie Dubourg: (7 Aug 1906 Appointed - 22 Sep 1921)
- Alexis-Armand Charost † (22 Sep 1921 Succeeded - 7 Nov 1930 Died)
- René-Pierre Mignen † (21 Jul 1931 Appointed - 1 Nov 1939 Died)
- Clément-Emile Roques † (11 May 1940 Appointed - 4 Sep 1964 Died)
- Paul Joseph Marie Gouyon † (4 Sep 1964 Succeeded - 15 Oct 1985 Retired)
- Jacques André Marie Jullien † (15 Oct 1985 Succeeded - 1 Sep 1998 Resigned)
- François de Sales Marie Adrien Saint-Macary † (1 Sep 1998 Succeeded - 26 Mar 2007 Died)
- Pierre d'Ornellas (26 Mar 2007 Succeeded - present)
- Gallia christiana XIV, p. 739.
- This tradition is rejected, inter alios by Besse, pp. 202-203.
- C. Munier, Concilia Galliae (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), p. 137. Duchesne, II, p. 247.
- Munier, p. 148.
- Gams, p. 606.
- Duchesne, pp. 344-345. Duchesne is supported by the authors of Gallia christiana XIV (Paris 1856), p. 740, most recently edited by B. Hauréau, who states that the inclusion of Amandus as a bishop of Rennes is mera conjectura (pure conjecture).
- Léon Palustre (1884). L'ancienne cathedrale de Rennes: son état au milieu du 18e siècle d'apres des documents inédits (in French). Paris: H. Champion. p. 2.
- Morice et al., p. 5.
- Ritzler, V, p. 330 note 1; VI, p. 354.
- Pouillé (survey of benefices) of 1390: Longnon, Pouilles, pp. 169-170.
- Pouillé général contenant les bénéfices de l'archevêché de Tours, ca. p. 635.
- Pouillé général contenant les bénéfices de l'archevêché de Tours, ca. p. 637-638.
- Louis Madelin (1897). Les premières applications du Concordat de 1516, d'après les Dossiers du château Saint-Ange. Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire, XVII (in French). Rome: P. Cuggiani. pp. 7–13.
- Pouillé général contenant les bénéfices de l'archevêché de Tours, ca. p. 635. Besse, pp. 211-214.
- Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802) (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 125–130.
- E. Develle, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français... pp. 130-132.
- Athenius was present at the Council of Tours in 461, and at the Council of Vannes (Veneticum). Duchesne, II, p. 344 no. 2. C. Munier (1963), Concilia Galliae, A. 314 – A. 506 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), pp. 148, 150, 157.
- Melanius was present at the First Council of Orléans in 511. A well-known abbey was named in his honor, which in the twelfth century possessed no less than seventy parish churches. Duchesne, pp. 344-345, no. 3. C. De Clercq (1963), Concilia Galliae, A. 511 – A. 695 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), pp. 13 line 21, 14 line 18, 15 line 27.
- Fybediolus was present at the Fifth Council of Orléans in 549. Duchesne, II, p. 345, no. 4. De Clercq, p. 159 line 303.
- Victurius had been married, and had a daughter Domnola. He was present at the royal assembly of King Charibert I held at Tours in 567. Duchesne, II, p. 345, no. 5. De Clercq, p. 194.
- Haimoaldus had previously been Archdeacon of Le Mans. He was present at the Council of Paris in 614. Duchesne, II, p. 345, no. 6. De Clercq, p. 281, line 168.
- Rioterius was represented at the Council of Chalons-sur-Saône (Concilium Cabilonense), ca. 647–653) by Abbot Bertolfus. De Clercq, p. 309. Duchesne, p. 345, no. 7.
- Gallia christiana XIV, p. 742. Duchesne, p. 346, no. 8.
- Gallia christiana XIV, p. 742.
- Electrannus' consecration certificate is preserved, 29 September 866: Gallia christiana XIV, pp. 742-743 and Instrumenta p. 163.
- Nordoardus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 743.
- Tetbaldus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 742. Gams, p. 606.
- Gualterius: Gams, p. 606.
- Guarinus (Warin): Gams, p. 606.
- Triscanus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 744-745. Gams, p. 606.
- Mainus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 745. Morice et al., pp. 12-13. Gams, p. 606.
- Sylvester was consecrated bishop before being ordained a priest. For this he was suspended by the Council of Poitiers of 1078, and his case was referred to Pope Gregory VII. Gallia christiana XIV, p. 745-746. Morice et al., p. 13. Gams, p. 606. Kriston R. Rennie (2007), "The Council of Poitiers (1078) and Some Legal Considerations," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law, Vol. 27 (n.s. 1) pp. 1-20, at 2-3.
- Marbodius: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 746-748. Morice et al., pp. 13-15. Gams, p. 606. Ernault, pp. 143-249.
- Ro(t)aldus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 748. Morice et al., p. 15. Gams, p. 606.
- Hamelinus, Abbot of S. Aubin, was elected on 15 May 1127. Gallia christiana XIV, p. 748. Morice et al., pp. 15-16. Gams, p. 606.
- Alanus: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 749. Morice et al., p. 16. Gams, p. 606.
- Étienne: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 748. Morice et al., p. 16-17. Gams, p. 606.
- Philippe had been Abbot of Clermont. He was the Chancellor of Duke Geoffrey of Brittany. Gallia christiana XIV, p. 751. It was he who began the medieval cathedral.
- Gallia christiana XIV, p. 171, is suspicious about his date, based as it is on one charter of confirmation for the Abbey of Saint-Melaine, which mentions his predecessors Alain and Étienne. Morice et al., p. 18, assign Jacques a date of 1183/1184.
- On 15 and 17 January 1190, Bishop Herbert signed charters of King Richard I. Pound, p. 90 no. 268; p. 210, no. 602. Gallia christiana XIV, pp. 751-752.
- Petrus was Archdeacon of York in 1195, but the Archbishop neglected (it was claimed by the Chapter) to present Peter within six months, and therefore the presentation lapsed. Duchess Constance of Brittany made Peter Chancellor of Brittany. Gallia christiana XIV, pp. 752-753. Morice et al. (1839), p. 18. John Le Neve (ed. T.D. Hardy), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae III (Oxford 1854), p. 131. Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Pierre de Fougeres was the nephew of Bishop Étienne de Fougères (1168-1178). On 1 July 1210 he confirmed a charter founding the Chapter of Canons in the Church of the Madeleine of Vitré. Morice et al. (1839), p. 18-19. Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Josselinus: Morice et al., p. 19. Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Alain: Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Bishop Gicquel went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1250, during the Seventh Crusade. Morice et al., p. 19. Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Gilles died on 26 September 1259: Morice et al., p. 19.
- Maurice de TreceguidiMorice et al., p. 19-20. Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Jean was transferred to the diocese of Lisieux on 3 February 1299. Eubel, I, pp. 304, 416.
- Gilles Camelini had been Dean of the Cathedral Chapter of Meaux. Eubel, I, pp. 416.
- Chateaugiron: Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Ouvroing: Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Petrus de Valle: Eubel, I, p. 416.
- Pierre had been Bishop of Saint-Malo (1349–1359). He died at the end of the year 1362. Eubel, I, pp. 319, 416-417.
- Radulfus: Eubel, I, p. 417.
- Guillaume was appointed to Rennes by Clement VII, and transferred to the diocese of Dol on 27 August 1386. He died on 2 February 1391. Eubel, I, pp. 226, 417.
- Lovier was appointed to Rennes by Clement VII, and transferred to Maguelonne on 15 October 1389. Eubel, I, pp. 320, 417.
- Anselme de Chantemerle was appointed to Rennes by Clement VII. Eubel, I, p. 417.
- Brillet: Eubel, I, p. 417. Guillaume was transferred to the titular See of Caesarea Palaestinae on 26 May 1447: Eubel, II, p. 113.
- Robert de la Riviere had been Precentor in the Cathedral Chapter of Rennes. Eubel, II, p. 221.
- D'Espinay had been Bishop of Saint-Malo from 7 January 1450 to 25 April 1450. was granted his bulls for Rennes on 25 April 1450. He died in January 1482. Eubel, II, pp. 183, 222.
- Guibé was a Licenciate in Canon Law, and had been a Canon of Nantes, Bishop Saint-Pol-de-Leon (1477-1478) and Bishop of Dol (1478–1482). His bulls for Rennes were granted on 29 March 1482. He died in 1502. Eubel, I, p. 145, 175, 222.
- Guibé had been Bishop of Tréguier (1483–1502). His bulls of transfer to Rennes were approved on 24 March 1502. He was transferred to the diocese of Nantes on 29 January 1507. Eubel, II, p. 222, 283, .
- Mayeuc: Eubel, III, p. 283 with note 3.
- Dodieu: Eubel, III, p. 283 with note 4.
- Bouchelet's bulls were issued on 15 January 1561. He resigned in 1565. Eubel, III, p. 283.
- Marillac bulls were issued on 26 October 1565. He died on 29 May 1573. Eubel, III, p. 283.
- Hennequin: Eubel, III, p. 283 with note 8.
- Antoine Degert (1894). Le cardinal d'Ossat, évêque de Rennes et de Bayeux (1537-1604); sa vie, ses négociations à Rome. Thèse, Bordeaux (in French). Paris: V. Lecoffre. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 293, with note 2.
- L'Archiver: Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 293.
- Cornulier: Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 293.
- La Motte: He resigned, to become Archbishop of Auch on 24 March 1664. He died in 1684. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 105; 293, with note 5.
- Vieuville died on 29 January 1676. Gauchat, IV, p. 293.
- On 2 February 1679, without having been consecrated a bishop, Bouthilier was transferred to the diocese of Tréguier. He died on 15 September 1731. Ritzler, V, p. 330, with note 3; p. 386, with note 2.
- Lavardin was nominated by King Louis XIV on 26 November 1676, and preconized (approved) by Pope Innocent XI on 8 November 1677. He died on 23 May 1711. He was consecrated on 20 February 1678 by Archbishop Michel Amelot de Gournay of Tours. Jean, pp. 440-441. Ritzler, V, p. 330, with note 4.
- Sanzay: Jean, p. 441. Ritzler, V, p. 331, with note 5.
- Breteuil: Jean, p. 441. Ritzler, V, p. 331, with note 6.
- Vaureal: Jean, pp. 441-442. Ritzler, VI, p. 354, with note 2.
- Junies: Jean, p. 442. Ritzler, VI, p. 354, with note 3.
- Des Nos: Jean, p. 442. Ritzler, VI, p. 354, with note 4.
- Girac had previously been Bishop of Saint-Brieuc. Jean, pp. 442-443. Ritzler, VI, p. 130, with note 3; p. 354, with note 5.
- De Maille was born at Étrammes (near Laval)in 1743. He began a career as a soldier, but chose the ecclesiastical life and entered the seminary of Saint-Sulpice. He was a Vicar-General of Le Mans and then of Dol. In 1778 he was named Bishop of Gap, and in 1784 was transferred to Saint-Papoul. In 1791 the Civil Constitution of the Clergy suppressed the diocese of Saint-Papoul; he spent the entire revolutionary decade in Paris, taking the oath to the Constitution and becoming a member of the National Guard. He was arrested on 29 December 1798 and sent to the Île de Ré; a year later he was liberated by Bonaparte. In 1801 he resigned his diocese at the request of Pope Pius VII, and on 28 March 1802 was named Archbishop of Rennes (approved by the Pope on 9 April), and in 1803 he reestablished the Cathedral Chapter, which had been dissolved by the Revolution. He died in Paris on 24 November 1804. Morice et al., pp. 43-44. Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 507-509.
- Born in 1842 in Hénin-Liétard, Enoch studied the Humanities at Douai and theology at Louvain, and then joined the Oratory. He was Superior of the Major Seminary in Grenoble. When the Revolution began, he refused the Oath, and emigrated to Italy, though he returned in 1793 and became a bureaucrat in Grenoble. He took the oaths to obtain his position, then he repudiated them, then he accepted them again. In 1802 he became Vicar-General of Rennes, and on 30 January 1805 its bishop, on appointment of the Emperor Bonaparte, and confirmation by Pius VII. He was consecrated on 21 April 1805 in Paris by Cardinal Jean-Baptiste de Belloy. He made his formal entrance into Rennes on 4 May 1806, more than a year after his consecration. Shortly thereafter he published the new Napoleonic Catechism. Enoch retired in 1819 on grounds of ill health; he was appointed Canon of Saint-Denis, where he lived and died on 19 May 1825. Morice et al., pp. 45-46. Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 509-510.
- Mannay was born in Champeix (Clermont) in 1745, and studied at the seminary of Saint-Sulpice. He was chosen to supervise the theological studies of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, nephew of the Archbishop of Reims. He was nominated Bishop of Trèves by Napoleon Bonaparte on 12 July 1802, and confirmed on 17 July. He was consecrated on 18 July by Bishop Antoine-Xavier Maynaud de Pancemont of Vannes. Mannay was named a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1807, and Officer in 1809, and a Baron of the Empire in 1808. He rushed to Napoleon's side during the Hundred Days, and was offered a pension by the Prussians if he would resign the diocese and live in retirement in Aschaffenburg. He resigned the diocese of Trèves on 9 October 1816. Louis XVIII offered him the diocese of Autun, but problems between the Monarchy and the Papacy delayed it restoration for five years. Instead, on 30 November 1819, Mannay was named Archbishop of Rennes, and preconized (approved) on 20 February 1820. He died on 5 December 1824 at the age of 79. Morice et al., pp. 46-47. Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 510-511, 638-639.
- De Lesquen was born in the manor of Bouillons (Dinan) in 1770 and brought up in the Hôtel des Gentilhommes in Rennes. He served in the royalist army, 1795–1797, and earned the Croix Saint-Louis. He studied at the seminary in Saint-Brieuc (1801); he served in two parishes, and became a Canon of Saint-Brieuc. In 1817 he was named a Vicar-General of Rennes. He was nominated Bishop of Beauvais by King Louis XVIII on 13 January 1823, preconized on 16 May and consecrated on 13 July in the chapel of Issy by Archbishop Pierre de Bausset-Roquefort of Aix. At Beauvais he reconstituted the Cathedral Chapter. He was nominated Bishop of Rennes on 31 January 1825, and preconized on 21 March by Pope Leo XII. His resignation was accepted by Pope Gregory XVI on 21 January 1841. He died on 17 July 1855 at the age of 85. Morice et al., pp. 47-48. Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 115, 511-512
- Saint-Marc (French): Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 512-514.
- fr:Charles-Philippe Place (French): Place had been Bishop of Marseille (1866-1878) before his appointment to Rennes. Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 514-516.
- Gonindard: Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France)(1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 516-517.
- Labouré: Canon Hamard, in: Société bibliographique (France)(1907), L'épiscopat français..., pp. 517-518.
- Dubourg was born at Loguivy-Plougras (Côtes-du-Nord) in 1842. He became a teacher in Tréguier, and then Private Secretary to the Bishop of Saint-Brieuc. He was named Vicar-General in 1882, and Vicar Capitular in 1888. He was approved by Pope Leo XIII as Bishop of Moulins on 14 January 1893, and consecrated at Saint-Brieuc on 16 April by Bishop Pierre-Marie-Frédéric Fallieres. He was transferred to Rennes on 6 August 1906, and enthroned at Rennes on 11 September 1893. Dubourg was named a cardinal on 4 December 1916 by Pope Benedict XV. He died on 22 September 1921. Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Dubourg, August-René, retrieved: 2017-01-18.
- Born in 1953, Ornellas holds the degree of Doctor of theology. He was private secretary to Cardinal Lustiger, Archbishop of Paris (1986–1991). He was director of the Cathedral School of the Diocese of Paris (1995–2006. He was named titular bishop of Naraggara (Africa Proconsularis) on 4 July 1997, and consecrated by Cardinal Lustiger on 10 October 1997, becoming Auxiliary Bishop of Paris and Vicar-General (Centre). In 2006 he was named Coadjutor Archbishop of Rennes, and on 21 March 2007 he became Archbishop on the death of Archbishop Saint-Macary. Conférence des évêques de France, Biography of Archbishop Pierre d'Ornellas, retrieved: 2017-01-16 (in French).
- Besse, J.-M., ed. (1920). Abbayes et prieurés de l'ancienne France. Province ecclésiastique de Tours (in French). Tome huitième. Paris: A. Picard. pp. 201–225.
- Longnon, Auguste, ed. (1903). Recueil des historiens de la France: Pouillés (in Latin). Tome III : Province de Tours. Paris: Imprimerie nationale. pp. 169–181.
- Pouillé général contenant les bénéfices de l'archevêché de Tours (in French). Paris: Gervais Alliot. 1648. (unpaginated, but ca. p. 635)
- B. Haureau, ed. (1856). Gallia christiana: in provincias ecclesiasticas distribute... opera et studio Domni Dionysii Sammarthani. Ubi de provincia Turonensi agitur (in Latin). Tomus quartus decimus (14). Paris: Firmin Didot. pp. 739–793; Instrumenta 163–170.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. (Use with caution; obsolete)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1968). Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi sive summorum pontificum, S. R. E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series... A pontificatu Pii PP. VII (1800) usque ad pontificatum Gregorii PP. XVI (1846) (in Latin). Volume VII. Monasterii: Libr. Regensburgiana.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Pirminus Sefrin (1978). Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi... A Pontificatu PII PP. IX (1846) usque ad Pontificatum Leonis PP. XIII (1903) (in Latin). Volume VIII. Il Messaggero di S. Antonio.
- Pięta, Zenon (2002). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi... A pontificatu Pii PP. X (1903) usque ad pontificatum Benedictii PP. XV (1922) (in Latin). Volume IX. Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8.
- Round, John Horace (1899). Calendar of documents preserved in France: illustrative of the history of Great Britain and Ireland. A.D. 918-1206. Vol. 1. Vol. 1. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
- Corson, Guillotin (1920). Pouillé historique de l'Archévêché de Rennes (in French). Tome I. Paris: René Hatton.
- Duchesne, Louis (1910). Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule: II. L'Aquitaine et les Lyonnaises. Paris: Fontemoing.
- Ernault, Émile (1889), "Marbode, évêque de Rennes, sa vie, ses oeuvres (1035–1123)," Bulletin et mémoires de la Société archéologique du département d'Ille-et-Vilaine (in French). 20. Rennes: Ch. Chatel. 1889. pp. 1–260.
- Jean, Armand (1891). Les évêques et les archevêques de France depuis 1682 jusqu'à 1801 (in French). Paris: A. Picard.
- Le Moigne, Frédéric; Christian Sorrel (2016). Les évêques français de la Séparation au pontificat de Jean-Paul II (in French). Paris: Editions du Cerf. ISBN 978-2-204-12086-9.
- Morice, Hyacinthe; Tresvaux du Fraval, François Marie (1839). L' église de Bretagne ou histoire des siéges épiscopaux, séminaires et collégiales, abbayes et autres communautés de cette province: d'après les matériaux de Dom Hyacinthe Morice de Beaubois (in French). Paris: Mequignon. pp. 4–48.
- Power, Daniel (2004). The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-57172-2.
- Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français depuis le Concordat jusqu'à la Séparation (1802-1905). Paris: Librairie des Saints-Pères.
- (in French) Centre national des Archives de l'Église de France, L’Épiscopat francais depuis 1919, retrieved: 2016-12-24.