San Martin, California
Clockwise: Sign on Monterey Road; Lion's Peak; Old San Martin Winery.
|Coordinates: 37°5′16″N 121°36′0″W / 37.08778°N 121.60000°WCoordinates: 37°5′16″N 121°36′0″W / 37.08778°N 121.60000°W|
|• Total||11.596 sq mi (30.035 km2)|
|• Land||11.596 sq mi (30.035 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||289 ft (88 m)|
|• Density||610/sq mi (230/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||277595|
San Martin or San Martín (Spanish for Saint Martin) is a village and census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara County, California, in the southern Santa Clara Valley. Located to the south of Morgan Hill and north of Gilroy, San Martin is characterized by ranches, wineries, and orchards, as well as large estates in the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
San Martin was named after St. Martin of Tours, the patron saint of Santa Clara Valley pioneer Martin Murphy, a Mexican citizen who built the first Catholic church in the area.
The community has considered incorporating as a city since 2004, but concerns over the community's small size and its ability to pay for municipal services have held efforts back. Other options considered have been annexation by Morgan Hill.
San Martin is approximately 48 km (30 mi) south of San Jose, California, 11 km (6.8 mi) north of Gilroy, California, and 24 km (15 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast. Lying in a roughly 6 km-wide (4-mi-wide) southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west and the Diablo Range to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.6 square miles (30 km2), all of it land.
Due to the moderating influence of the Pacific Ocean, San Martin enjoys a warm, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures range from an average midsummer maximum of 90.2°F (32.3°C) to an average midwinter low of 33.6 °F (0.9 °C). Average annual rainfall is 480 mm (18.9 in), and the summer months are typically dry. Snowfall is rare, about once every 20 years, and is light and short-lived when it occurs. Summer months are characterized by coastal fog which arrives from the ocean around 10 p.m. and dissipates the next morning by 10 a.m. Winter months have many sunny and partly cloudy days, with frequent breaks between rainstorms. The local terrain is inconducive to tornadoes, severe windstorms and thunderstorms. The local climate supports chaparral and grassland biomes, with stands of live oak at higher elevations.
The 2010 United States Census reported that San Martin had a population of 7,027. The population density was 606.0 inhabitants per square mile (234.0/km2). The racial makeup of San Martin was 4,329 (61.6%) White, 27 (0.4%) African American, 71 (1.0%) Native American, 470 (6.7%) Asian, 18 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 1,752 (24.9%) from other races, and 360 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,249 persons (46.2%).
The Census reported that 6,896 people (98.1% of the population) lived in households, 114 (1.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 17 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,993 households, out of which 812 (40.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,267 (63.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 199 (10.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 124 (6.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 131 (6.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 14 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 279 households (14.0%) were made up of individuals, and 98 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46. There were 1,590 families (79.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.70.
The population was spread out, with 1,780 people (25.3%) under the age of 18, 713 people (10.1%) aged 18 to 24, 1,613 people (23.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,098 people (29.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 823 people (11.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males.
There were 2,122 housing units at an average density of 183.0 per square mile (70.7/km2), of which 1,309 (65.7%) were owner-occupied, and 684 (34.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 1.7%. 4,491 people (63.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,405 people (34.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,230 people, 1,210 households, and 994 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 766.4 inhabitants per square mile (295.9/km2). There were 1,254 housing units at an average density of 227.2 per square mile (87.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 65.46% White, 0.83% African American, 1.63% Native American, 6.12% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 20.97% from other races, and 4.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.41% of the population.
There were 1,210 households, out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 12.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.44 and the average family size was 3.66.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $70,064, and the median income for a family was $70,708. Males had a median income of $56,625 versus $34,792 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,944. About 5.2% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. According to Forbes Magazine, San Martin is rated as one of the country's most expensive ZIP codes with a median home price of $824,390 in 2010, despite a drop in home value of almost 20% from 2008.
San Martin is a large producer of garlic, table mushrooms, and wine. The Wings of History Museum, an aviation museum, is located next to San Martin Airport.
In the California State Legislature, San Martin is in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat John Laird, and in the 30th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Dawn Addis.
In the United States House of Representatives, San Martin is in California's 19th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jimmy Panetta.
San Martin is adjacent to a freeway, U.S. Route 101, and is the location of an uncontrolled airport, South County Airport (E16), operated by Santa Clara County. Public transportation needs are provided by Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) buses and a commuter rail station served by Caltrain.
- ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - San Martin CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- ^ "California's 19th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "How San Martin Came to Be," Gilroy Dispatch, September 16, 2006