Schola Antiqua of Chicago
Schola Antiqua of Chicago is a professional American early music ensemble based in Chicago, Illinois. The group specializes in vocal music before the year 1600 and is the 2012 winner of the Noah Greenberg Award from the American Musicological Society, an award that recognizes "outstanding contributions to historical performing practices." In 2006-7, Schola Antiqua served as Artist in Residence at the University of Chicago, and the group currently holds an artistic residency at the Lumen Christi Institute. Schola Antiqua of Chicago performs mainly in Chicago but has also presented concerts around the United States. The choir is under the artistic direction of Michael Alan Anderson from the Eastman School of Music.
Founded in 2000, Schola Antiqua of Chicago states that its mission is to provide audiences with the highest standards of research, performance, and education involving many under-served repertories in the pre-modern canon of western vocal music. Led by scholars in the field of early music, the organization develops programs with works that are not only seldom heard, but often newly transcribed for performance. Frequently, the ensemble presents pieces that have been the subject of academic scholarship in the field of early music.
Calvin M. Bower, Professor Emeritus of the University of Notre Dame and currently a researcher at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, was the Artistic Director of Schola Antiqua from its inception until 2008. Bower specializes in the history of the medieval sequence. Consequently, Schola Antiqua's programs in the early years often included Notker’s sequences and other monophonic settings. The ensemble’s second Artistic Director, Michael Alan Anderson, more broadly researches the role of plainchant and polyphony in devotion, ritual, and political cultures of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Some of Anderson's research agenda is likewise embedded in the ensemble’s past and current programming.
Responding to the wide range of vocal forces required to sing plainchant and polyphony written before 1600, Schola Antiqua does not employ a set roster of singers for its programs. Rather it draws on a pool of professional vocal specialists in Chicago to suit the needs of each individual program. Rosters have ranged from six to ten members (male and female). The ensemble’s lone venture outside the pre-1600 repertory was a collaboration in 2011 with members of two GRAMMY award-winning ensembles (eighth blackbird and Pacifica Quartet) to present a new work of sacred music by composer Jacob Bancks.
Beyond its Chicago-based concert series programming, Schola Antiqua has received invitations to perform from the Morgan Library & Museum in New York City, the Indianapolis Early Music Festival, Chicago’s Newberry Library, the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Cleveland), the Chicago Cultural Center, the University of Chicago, the University of Notre Dame, the American Guild of Organists, and other institutions across the Midwest. Reviews of Schola Antiqua’s recordings have appeared in Fanfare, Early Music America, Journal of Plainsong and Medieval Music, and Notes (Music Library Association). Their albums have aired internationally on the radio programs With Heart and Voice, Millennium of Music, and Harmonia.
Schola Antiqua maintains a close relationship with academic circles. The ensemble recorded the accompanying CD for Theodore Karp’s monograph Introduction to the Post-Tridentine Mass Proper, 1590-1890 (American Institute of Musicology, 2005). Margot Fassler's Music in the Medieval West (W.W. Norton, 2014) further includes several musical excerpts recorded by Schola Antiqua. In 2006-7, the group served an artistic residency at the University of Chicago, an honor typically given to instrumental ensembles. The residency presented a rare opportunity to offer a slate of performances, workshops, and lecture-recitals. As part of the Noah Greenberg Award, Schola Antiqua collaborated with University of Oregon music historian Lori Kruckenberg on a project entitled "Sounding the Neumatized Sequence," in which the ensemble recorded and archived a set of special liturgical sequences that feature melodies both with and without text (called “neumatized” sequences).
Schola Antiqua of Chicago chiefly records on its own independent label known as Discantus Recordings, but also appears on the Naxos Records label with a release of Missa Conceptio tua: Medieval and Renaissance Music for Advent, issued in October 2014. This CD contains a full set of O Antiphons, a previously unrecorded five-voice mass by Pierre de la Rue, and medieval English carols. The ensemble has issued three commercial recordings on the Discantus label. Each features music that is seldom heard, let alone recorded, in the modern era. In 2009, Schola Antiqua released its first CD, Long Joy, Brief Languor: The Anonymous English Quem malignus spiritus Mass, which contains the only known recording of the Missa Quem malignus spiritus, one of the earliest "cyclic" masses known in Western music. The group’s second album West Meets East was issued in 2010 and features first recordings of music from the Torino Codex, an important fifteenth-century manuscript. In 2011, the ensemble recorded The Kings of Tharsis: Medieval and Renaissance Music for Epiphany, which highlights some previously unrecorded works of Orlande de Lassus, Tomás Luis de Victoria, Guillaume Dufay, and John Sheppard.
- Missa Conceptio tua: Medieval and Renaissance Music for Advent (Naxos of America, 2014)
- The Kings of Tharsis: Medieval and Renaissance Music for Epiphany (Discantus, 2011)
- West Meets East: Sacred Music of the Torino Codex (Discantus, 2010)
- Long Joy, Brief Languor: The Anonymous English Quem malignus spiritus Mass (Discantus, 2009)
- Accompanying CD to Introduction to the Post-Tridentine Mass Proper, 1590-1890 (American Institute of Musicology, 2005).
- Ten tracks on Margot Fassler, Music in the Medieval West (W.W. Norton, 2014).
- "The Schola Antiqua of Chicago welcomed as Artists-in-Residence at the University of Chicago". News.uchicago.edu. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Artists-in-Residence | Lumen Christi Institute". Lumenchristi.org. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "About Schola Antiqua". Chicagochant.org. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Performance Calendar". jbancks.com. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Long Joy, Brief Languor / Bower, Schola Antiqua Of Chicago". ArkivMusic. 2009-05-16. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Recording Reviews" (PDF). Chicagochant.org. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "The recording itself, the work of Calvin Bower and his Schola Antiqua of Chicago, is nevertheless a valuable addition to the publication." (PDF). Chicagochant.org. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "EDITOR'S CHOICE - Music Library Association. Notes". Readperiodicals.com. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "An introduction to the post-tridentine Mass proper (Book, 2005)". [WorldCat.org]. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "AMS--Greenberg Award Winners". ams-net.org. Retrieved 2012-11-30.