Shibata Domain (新発田藩 Shibata-han) was a fudai feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Echigo Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Shibata Castle, located in what is now the city of Shibata in Niigata Prefecture. It was ruled for all of its history by the Mizoguchi clan.
Mizoguchi Hidekatsu was a general under Oda Nobunaga and subsequently Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He distinguished himself at a number of battles and was rewarded with a 60,000 koku holding in Echigo Province. During the Battle of Sekigahara, he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu; however as Echigo Province had many supporters and former retainers of the Uesugi clan, he was ordered to remain in Echigo on guard duty. After the establishment of the Tokugawa Shogunate, he was confirmed in his existing holdings, which extended across the Echigo Plain between the Agano River and the Shinano River. This area, which stretched from eastern Niigata City, through Agano, Kamo and Minamikanbara District was excellent rice land, and the actual revenues of the domain were far in excess of its official kokudaka.
The second daimyo of Shibata, Mizoguchi Nobukatsu, split a 12,000 koku holding off of the domain for his younger brother, creating Somei Domain (沢海藩 Somei han), which lasted to 1687. The kokudaka of the domain was reduced from 60,000 to 50,000 with the remaining 2,000 coming from new rice lands developed within the domain. Nobukatsu was very active in developing new lands, and an additional 15,500 koku were splint amongst his three younger sons on his death, leaving the main 50,000 koku holding intact for his heir. The 8th daimyo, Moziguchi Naoyasu established a Han school and invited noted gardeners from Edo and Kyoto as part of his rebuilding of the castle town. The 10th daimyo, Mizoguchi Naoaki, successfully petitioned the shogunate for an increase in kokudaka from 50,000 to 100,000 kook, although there was considerable debate within the domain as to whether or not the increased taxation was worth the increase in prestige and status.
During the Boshin War, the 12th daimyo, Mizoguchi Naomasa joined the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei; however, there was extensive opposition within the domain, and he was forced to quickly switch sides to the imperial cause.
In July 1871, with the abolition of the han system, Shibata Domain briefly became Shibata Prefecture, and was merged into the newly created Niigata Prefecture. Under the new Meiji government, Mizoguchi Naomasa was given the kazoku peerage title of hakushaku (count), and later served as a member of the House of Peers
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Shibata Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Echigo Province
- 512 villages in Kanbara District
- Mutsu Province (Iwashiro)
- 8 villages in Shinobu District
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Mizoguchi clan (tozama) 1598-1871|
|1||Mizoguchi Hidekatsu (溝口秀勝)||1598-1610||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|2||Mizoguchi Nobukatsu (溝口宣勝1)||1610-1628||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000->50,000 koku|
|3||Mizoguchi Nobunao (溝口宣直)||1628-1672||Izumo-no-kami (出雲守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|4||Mizoguchi Shigekatsu (溝口重雄)||1672-1706||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|5||Mizoguchi Shigemoto (溝口重元)||1706-1719||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|6||Mizoguchi Naoharu (溝口直治)||1791-1732||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|7||Mizoguchi Naoatsu (溝口直温)||1732-1761||Izumo-no-kami (出雲守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|8||Mizoguchi Naoyasu (溝口直養)||1761-1768||Shuzen-no-kami (主膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|9||Mizoguchi Naoyoshi (溝口直侯)||1768-1802||Izumo-no-kami (出雲守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku|
|10||Mizoguchi Naoaki (溝口直諒)||1802-1838||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000->100,000 koku|
|11||Mizoguchi Naohiro (溝口直溥)||1838-1867||Shuzen-no-kami (主膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku|
|12||Mizoguchi Naomasa (溝口直正)||1867-1871||Hoki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku|
- "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-7.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Mizoguchi" at Noblaire du Japon.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Yanagisawa" at Noblaire du Japon, p. 71.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- "Shibata" at Edo 300 (in Japanese)