Mikkaichi Domain (三日市藩 Mikkaichi-han?) was a fudai feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Echigo Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Mikkaichi Jin'ya, located in what is now part of the city of Shibata in Niigata Prefecture. The Shibata City Nanaha Middle School now occupies the site.
In 1724, the eldest son of Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu was transferred from Kofu Domain to Yamato-Koriyama Domain. As a result of this transfer, a 10,000 koku holding in Echigo Province was left open, and Yoshiyasu arranged for this to be assigned to his 5th son, Yanagisawa Tokichika. This marked the start of Mikkaichi Domain. Tochichika turned the domain over to his brother after only three months, and although the Yanagisawa clan remained in control until the Meiji restoration, they preferred to reside in Edo and rely on the collection of revenues as absentee landlords. As a result, the finances of the domain were perpetually in a state of bankruptcy, and belated efforts to remedy the situation through reforms in 1843 failed. During the Bakumatsu period, the domain was unable to fulfil orders to provide troops for coastal defences, and its Edo residence was destroyed in the 1855 Edo earthquake. The final daimyo of Mikkaichi, Yanagisawa Noritada, was the only one to actually visit the domain, and did so only to surrender his forces to neighbouring Shibata Domain during the Boshin War. In July 1871, with the abolition of the han system, Mikkaichi Domain briefly became Mikkaichi Prefecture, and was merged into the newly created Niigata Prefecture. Under the new Meiji government, Yanagisawa Noritada was given the kazoku peerage title of shishaku (viscount).
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Mikkaichi Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Yanagisawa clan (fudai) 1724-1868|
|1||Yanagisawa Tokichika (柳沢時睦?)||1724-1724||Shikibu-no-sho (式部少輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|2||Yanagisawa Yasutsune (柳沢保経?)||1724-1760||Danjo-shohitsu (弾正少弼)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|3||Yanagisawa Nobuaki (柳沢信著?)||1760-1782||Shikibu-no-sho (式部少輔||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|4||Yanagisawa Satoyuki (柳沢里之?)||1782-1804||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|5||Yanagisawa Satoyo (柳沢里世?)||1804-1826||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|6||Yanagisawa Satoaki (柳沢里顕?)||1826-1842||Danjo-shohitsu (弾正少弼)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|7||Yanagisawa Yasutaka (柳沢泰孝?)||1842-1856||Danjo-shohitsu (弾正少弼)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|8||Yanagisawa Noritada (柳沢徳忠?)||1856-1868||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- "Mikkaichi" at Edo 300 (Japanese)
- Ravina, Mark. (1998). Land and Lordship in Early Modern Japan, p. 222.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Yanagisawa" at Noblaire du Japon, p. 71.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
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