Slow television, or slow TV (Norwegian: Sakte-TV), is a term used for a genre of live "marathon" television coverage of an ordinary event in its complete length. Its name is derived both from the long endurance of the broadcast as well as from the natural slow pace of the television program's progress. It was popularised in the 2000s by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, beginning with the broadcast of a 7-hour train journey in 2009.
- 1 Background
- 2 Earlier slow TV shows
- 3 Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation
- 3.1 2009: Bergensbanen – minutt for minutt
- 3.2 2010: Flåmsbana - minutt for minutt
- 3.3 2011: Hurtigruten – minutt for minutt
- 3.4 2012: Lakseelva – minutt for minutt
- 3.5 2012: Telemarkskanalen – minutt for minutt
- 3.6 2012: Nordlandsbanen – minutt for minutt
- 3.7 2013: Nasjonal vedkveld
- 3.8 2013: Sommeråpent - minutt for minutt
- 3.9 2013: Nasjonal strikkekveld
- 3.10 2014: 200 år på 200 minutter
- 3.11 2014: 1814 på 24 timar
- 3.12 2014: Piip-show
- 3.13 2014: Salmeboka – minutt for minutt
- 3.14 2015: Krig på 200 minutter
- 3.15 2015: Sommerbåten - minutt for minutt
- 3.16 2016: Saltstraumen - minutt for minutt
- 3.17 2016: Skibladners seilas - minutt for minutt
- 3.18 Interaction through social media
- 3.19 International attention
- 4 Web-based slow TV transmissions
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The concept is a modernization of artist Andy Warhol's slow movie Sleep from 1963, which showed poet John Giorno sleeping for five hours and twenty minutes. The concept was adapted to local TV broadcast in 1966 by WPIX, to VHS video tape in 1984 by the British company Video125, to satellite TV in 2003 by Bahn TV, and to live TV in 2011 by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation.
The latest evolution of the concept started with the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation's coverage of the longest driver's eye view at that time, showing the complete 7-hour train ride along the Bergen Line (Bergensbanen) on 27 November 2009. It was followed by the live coverage of the Hurtigruten ship MS Nordnorge during its 134-hour voyage from Bergen to Kirkenes starting on 16 June 2011.
Both events received extensive attention in both Norwegian and foreign media, and were considered a great success with coverage numbers exceeding all expectations and record ratings for the NRK2 channel.
Earlier slow TV shows
The Yule Log
Starting at Christmas 1966, WPIX showed a looped film of a yule log burning in a fireplace, accompanied by classic Christmas music playing in the background. It was broadcast without commercial interruption.
Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation
Between 2009 and 2016, NRK, Norway's public broadcaster, has produced several slow television programs that have gained high ratings. Sakte-tv (English: Slow-TV) was named Word of the Year in Norway in 2013.
2009: Bergensbanen – minutt for minutt
The television program Bergensbanen minute by minute – train journey across Southern Norway was (described as "the iconic slow-TV program") of the 7-hour train journey from Bergen to Oslo along the Bergen Line (in Norwegian: Bergensbanen) was aired on NRK2 27 November 2009. The event was planned as part of the 100 year anniversary for the existence of the Bergen Line. Four cameras were used to produce the documentary, showing both exterior and interior views, along with interviews with both crew, train conductors, historians/past workers and passengers. The train went through 182 tunnels. Archival clips from the Bergen Railways 100-year history were shown at those points in the recording, to make the final show last exactly as long as the train trip. The show was first broadcast on November 27, 2009, while the recording had been done earlier during summer.
The program was followed by an average of 176,000 viewers, and 1,246,000 Norwegian viewers (20% of the population) were watching the event at least once during its screening time. The event received attention in both Norwegian and foreign media, and has in relation to the Slow TV event Hurtigruta minutt for minutt, received both renewed attention and appreciation, mainly among its Norwegian followers.
2010: Flåmsbana - minutt for minutt
A spectacular train journey called Flåmsbana minute by minute – scenic tourist route, train journey from Myrdal station on the Bergen Railway down to Flåm by the Sognefjord. Broadcasting on NRK1 in 58 minutes on 5 September at 08.05. Around 500,000 viewers followed the entire journey. Market share of 40%.
2011: Hurtigruten – minutt for minutt
The Hurtigruten minute by minute – a coastal voyage from Bergen to Kirkenes starting on 16 June 2011 at 19:45 CET, NRK started transmitting live and non stop along the Norwegian coastal express (in Norwegian: Hurtigruten) from aboard the ship MS Nordnorge during its 134-hour voyage from Bergen to Kirkenes. A total of 11 cameras, three fixed, a bow camera and a gyro stabilized Cineflex camera obtained photographs of the boat.
The broadcast was shown live on NRK2 in Norway, and on the internet for international viewers and Norwegians abroad, available in Norwegian and English. The broadcast received greater attention and popularity than the previous Bergensbanen minutt for minutt show, both in media and by viewers.
During the weekend 17 June 2011 until 19 June 2011 2,542,000 people, or approximately half the Norwegian population, visited the live broadcast. At the most, 692,000 people followed the broadcast at eleven forty-five Sunday night, as the boat was heading into the Trollfjord in Lofoten. The broadcast also tried to set a world record in being the world's longest live television documentary waiting for a registration in the Guinness Book of Records. The record so far was 13 hours against their 134 hours.
2012: Lakseelva – minutt for minutt
Salmon river – minute by minute was a 24-hours live broadcast on NRK1 and NRK2 from Gaula in Sør-Trøndelag. This took place on the opening day of lake fishing season, Thursday 31 May to Friday 1 June. 40 minute warmup on NRK1, followed by 18 hours of salmon fishing to the minute on NRK2, so three hour regular broadcast on NRK1. Around 1.6 million visited the broadcast. 10 percent market share.
2012: Telemarkskanalen – minutt for minutt
Telemarkskanalen minute by minute – channel boat trip was a 12-hours cruise along the canal on Sunday 26 August at 09.50 that was broadcast live on NRK2. 1,300,000 Norwegians saw the broadcast. Market share of 29 percent.
2012: Nordlandsbanen – minutt for minutt
Nordlandsbanen minute by minute – season by season – train journey north of the Arctic Circle was a journey with Nordlandsbanen from Trondheim to Bodø. Sending on NRK2 in 9 hours and 50 minutes from 16:00 on 29 December. Around 1.2 million visited the broadcast. Market share of 13 percent.
2013: Nasjonal vedkveld
On February 15, 2013, NRK broadcast the 12-hour-long broadcast National Wood Night on the topic of firewood. Nearly a million people, or 20 percent of the population, tuned in at some point to the program. The broadcast was inspired by the best-selling book by Lars Mytting, “Solid Wood: All About Chopping, Drying and Stacking Wood — and the Soul of Wood-Burning”. The show consisted of four hours of ordinary produced television, followed by showing eight hours of a live fireplace. The show received international attention, with an article about the broadcast published in the New York Times, and in a section of The Colbert Report.
2013: Sommeråpent - minutt for minutt
Summer Entertainment Show – coastal cruise with entertainment show, a journey from Oslo to Kirkenes and back was a coastal cruise with entertainment from Oslo to Kirkenes and back. Live broadcast on NRK1 from Saturday June 22 to Sunday 10 August, a total of approximately 379 hours. The most watched Sommeråpent ever.
2013: Nasjonal strikkekveld
On November 1, 2013, NRK aired National Knitting Night a "12 hours of non-stop knitting" which an attempt to break the Guinness World record for knitting a sweater from beginning to end which an NRK spokesperson described as "the feminine response to the firewood show."
2014: 200 år på 200 minutter
200 years in 200 minutes - lecture performed by professor Frank Aarebrot was an immediate from the Quarter of Bergen. The never-resting professor, commentator, democracy scholar and political scientist Frank Aarebrot stunt Norway's history over the past two hundred years. 700000 watched the live broadcast that ran from 8:05 to 11:30 am on February 28, gaining a 15 percent share of viewership.
2014: 1814 på 24 timar
About 50 of the leading scientists in Norway lectured 1814 in 24 hours for 24 hours straight from Rikssalen in Eidsvollbygningen (the hall where the Norwegian Constitution was created). The marathon transmission started at NRK2 at 6 p.m. on Friday May 9 and ended Saturday May 10 at 6 p.m. 699 000 viewers stopped by the program. The market share was 6 percent.
Piip-show started as an Internet initiative where the whole world could follow the activities of birds that visited the small coffee shop that was rigged for the occasion. On May 25 from 6 a.m. until 8 p.m., NRK2s viewers could follow the fascinating bird life. 243 000 viewers stopped by NRK2 during the transmission.
2014: Salmeboka – minutt for minutt
On November 28–30, 2014, NRK aired a 60-hour broadcast, «Salmeboka – minutt for minutt» The hymnal from cover to cover, of about 200 choirs with 3-4000 singers and soloists performing the whole contents of the Church of Norway's national hymnal, published in 2013. Most of the performances took place live at Vår Frue Church in Trondheim, though some recorded performances came from 11 other sites as distant as Karasjok in northern Norway and Decorah, Iowa. The church was open throughout the show, with more than 16000 visitors dropping in. Totally 2.2 million viewers watched the program at some time, with an average of 87000 at any one time. The average age of viewers was 62. It attracted 12% of TV viewers on the average, which is double the normal rate.
2015: Krig på 200 minutter
War in 200 minutes was an immediate from the Quarter of Bergen on April 9 at NRK2 from kl 20.55 to 00.30. Professor Frank Aarebrot offered a new story tonight, this time the theme was war. The broadcast went on the 75th anniversary of the outbreak of war in Norway. 238 000 so the entire consignment which had a market share of 21.4 percent.
2015: Sommerbåten - minutt for minutt
Summer boat - coastal cruise with entertainment show, a journey from Vadsø to Oslo was a coastal cruise live broadcasting with entertainment from Vadsø in the north to Oslo in the south through 58 summer days. The adventure started Sunday June 21 in Vadsø, and was not over until the boat arrivied in Oslo on Saturday 15 August.
2016: Saltstraumen - minutt for minutt
Saltstraumen – minute by minute was a 12 hours live show from the world's strongest tidal current. Where we could see the fantastic nature and life in and around the phenomenon Saltstraumen. Watch how massive amount of water, 375 cubic meters, presses through the narrow and shallow sound. Live transmission Saturday 7 May from 12 p.m until midnight.
2016: Skibladners seilas - minutt for minutt
|This section requires expansion. (July 2016)|
During the 134 hour broadcast of the Hurtigruten trip, the show received massive attention among Norwegian followers in the social media arena. Both on Facebook and Twitter and Blogs people talked about the trip and how they followed its progression.
As the boat moved north, place names popped up in the top 10, such as #Sortland and #Trollfjord. Around midnight Saturday there was one tweet about Hurtigruten per six seconds. During the broadcast, cities competed in arranging the greatest welcoming committee at the different harbors and three different wedding proposals were captured during the 136 hours.
The «Hurtigruta – minutt for minutt» (litt.: Hurtigruta - minute by minute) broadcast was also shown online with many viewers abroad; 46 percent of online viewers were outside Norway. The major countries were Denmark (7%), United States (4%), Germany (4%), United Kingdom (4%) and France (4%) Several international articles were produced on 'the Norwegians special television preferences'.
During the days of the broadcast the Norwegian Embassy in Seoul organized a big campaign on the subway to promote Norway. At the time of the broadcasts start Thursday morning a billboard showing live footage from the broadcast was installed on Samgakji subway station in downtown Seoul. Korean media showed interest in the exhibition, characterizing it as "the most creative PR stunt they've heard of in a long time".
Web-based slow TV transmissions
2016: Terms and conditions word by word
To illustrate the wordiness of Terms & Condition on an average phone, the Norwegian Consumer Council staged a reading of 30 such legal documents in a session that started on May 24, 2016, and was streamed for more than 24 hours.
- Nathan Hellar (30 September 2014). "Slow TV Is Here". The New Yorker (New York). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Gerard Gilbert (11 February 2014). "Slow Television: The latest Nordic trend". The Independent (London). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Inger-Marit Knap Sæby (2009-09-11). ""Bergensbanen minutt for minutt" ble helgens store snakkis" ["The Bergen Line - minute by minute" was the word on the street]. nrk.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Anders Hofseth (2009-09-16). "Hurtigruten: 5 day TV marathon in the midnight sun". nrkbeta.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Hege Bakken Riise; Kirsti Falch-Nilsen (2011-06-20). "Hurtigruten sprenger alle rekorder!" [Hurtigruten blows all records!]. nrk.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Gabrielle Graatrudn, Cathrine Elnan (16 December 2013) NRK-fenomen ble kåret til årets nyord NRK. Retrieved 20 December 2013 (Norwegian)
- Vidar Gudvangen (2010-05-18). "Filmar Flåmsbana minutt for minutt" [Filming the Flåm Line minute by minute]. nrk.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Jon Ståle Carlsen (2010-06-24). "Bybanen i Bergen minutt for minutt" [The Bergen Light Rail minute by minute]. nrkbeta.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Jensen, Christine (2014-11-24). "Slow TV". NRK.
- Jensen, Christine (2014-11-24). "Sakte-TV på NRK". NRK.
- "Cineflex V14HD camera".
- Bjørn Erik Rygg Lunde (2009-09-20). "Hurtigruten: Noen glimt bak kameraene" [Hurtigruten: Glimpses from behind the cameras]. nrkbeta.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Øystein Lie (2011-06-21). "Ja til mer slow TV" [More slow TV please]. dagbladet.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Hege Bakken Riise (2011-06-16). "Sørkoreanerne følger Hurtigruten direkte fra t-banen" [South-coreans follows Hurtigruten live from the subway]. nrk.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Kjetil Kjær Andersland, Rebecca Kjær (Hurtigruten – minutt for minutt er norsk dokumentarv NRK.
- Lyall, Sarah (2013-02-19). "In Norway, TV Program on Firewood Elicits Passions". The New York Times.
- "National Knitting Eve".
- "Norway plans 12-hour TV show of knitting".
- "Norwegian broadcaster to air National Knitting Night".
- "Salmesongen vekker oppsikt i utlandet". December 1, 2014.
- "Choir marathon gets underway". Nina’s News from Norway. November 28, 2014.
- "2.2 millioner var innom salmemaraton på NRK". December 1, 2014.
- ?, ? (2015-02-18). "Sommerbåten 2015". NRK.
- ?, ? (2016-05-02). "Slow TV". NRK.
- "Her frir Kim fra Hurtigruten" [Here Kim proposes at Hurtigruten]. nettavisen.no. 2011-06-20. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Vibeke Lund Pettersen (2011-06-21). "Nytt frieri på Hurtigruten!" [New proposal at Hurtigruten!]. nrk.no. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Wojciech Moskwa (2011-06-17). ""Very slow" live cruise show a hit on Norwegian TV". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Bjoern H. Amland and Malin Rising (2011-06-22). "Norway goes cruise crazy during live TV broadcast". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Robert Briel (2011-06-19). "nrk sets pace with slow-tv". Broadband TV news. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "Get popcorn and watch T&Cs for 30 apps being read aloud over 24 hours". techcrunch.com. 2016-05-25.