Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
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The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (//, rarely //), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry. An internationally recognized standards organization, SMPTE has more than 800 Standards, Recommended Practices, and Engineering Guidelines for broadcast, filmmaking, digital cinema, audio recording, information technology (IT), and medical imaging. In addition to development and publication of technical standards documents, SMPTE publishes the SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal, provides networking opportunities for its members, produces academic conferences and exhibitions, and performs other industry-related functions.
SMPTE membership is open to any individual or organization with interest in the subject matter. In the US, SMPTE is a 501(c)3 non-profit charitable organization.
Educational and professional development activities
SMPTE's educational and professional development activities include technical presentations at regular meetings of its local Sections, annual and biennial conferences in the US and Australia and the SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal. The society sponsors many awards, the oldest of which are the SMPTE Progress Medal, the Samuel Warner Memorial Medal, and the David Sarnoff Medal. SMPTE also has a number of Student Chapters and sponsors scholarships for college students in the motion imaging disciplines.
SMPTE standards documents are copyrighted and may be purchased from the SMPTE website, or other distributors of technical standards. Standards documents may be purchased by the general public. Significant standards promulgated by SMPTE include:
- All film and television transmission formats and media, including digital.
- Physical interfaces for transmission of television signals and related data (such as SMPTE time code and the serial digital interface) (SDI)
- SMPTE color bars
- Test card patterns and other diagnostic tools
- The Material eXchange Format, or MXF
- SMPTE ST 2110
SMP(T)E'S first standard was to get everyone using 35 mm film width, four sprockets per frame, 1.37:1 picture ratio. Until then, there were competing film formats, now theaters could all run the same films.
Film frame rate
SMP(T)E's standard in 1927 was for speed at which sound film is shown, 24 frames per second. Before this it was determined by the hand cranking speed of the cameraman.
SMPTE's taskforce on "3D to the home" produced a report on the issues, challenges and suggested minimum standards for the 3D home master that would be distributed after post production to the ingest points of distribution channels for 3D video content. A group within the standards committees has begun to work on the formal definition of the SMPTE 3D Home Master.
SMPTE, instituted in 1999, a technology committee for the foundations of Digital Cinema : DC28.
Honors and awards program
The SMPTE presents awards to individuals for outstanding contributions in fields of the society.
Honorary membership and the honor roll
- Renville "Ren" H. McMann Jr. (2017)
- James Cameron (2016)
- Oscar B. "O.B." Hanson (2015)
- George Lucas (2014)
- John Logie Baird (2014)
- Philo Taylor Farnsworth (1996)
- Ray M. Dolby (1992)
- Linwood G. Dunn (1984)
- Herbert T. Kalmus (1958)
- Walt Disney (1955)
- Vladimir K. Zworykin (1950)
- Samuel L. Warner (1946)
- George Eastman (1928)
- Thomas Alva Edison (1928)
- Louis Lumiere (1928)
- C. Francis Jenkins (1926)
The Progress Medal, instituted in 1935, is SMPTE's oldest and most prestigious medal, and awarded annually for contributions to engineering aspects of the film and/or television industries.
- Douglas Trumbull (2016)
- Ioan Allen (2014)
- David Wood (2012)
- Edwin Catmull (2011)
- Birney Dayton (2008)
- Clyde D. Smith (2007)
- Roderick Snell (2006)
- S. Merrill Weiss (2005)
- Dr. Kees Immink (2004)
- Stanley N. Baron (2003)
- William C. Miller (2002)
- Bernard J. Lechner (2001)
- Edwin E. Catmall (1996)
- Ray Dolby (1983)
- Harold E. Edgerton (1959)
- Vladimir K. Zworykin (1950)
- John G. Frayne (1947)
- Walt Disney (1940)
David Sarnoff Gold Medal
- Chuck Pagano (2013)
- James M. DeFilippis (2012)
- Bernard J. Lechner (1996)
- Stanley N. Baron (1991)
- William F. Schreiber (1990)
- Adrian Ettlinger (1976)
- Joseph A. Flaherty, Jr. (1974)
- Peter C. Goldmark (1969)
- W. R. G. Baker (1959)
- Albert Rose (1958)
- Charles Ginsburg (1957)
- Robert E. Shelby (1956)
- Arthur V. Loughren (1953)
- Otto H. Schade (1951)
Eastman Kodak Gold Medal
The Eastman Kodak Gold Medal, instituted in 1967, recognizes outstanding contributions which lead to new or unique educational programs utilizing motion pictures, television, high-speed and instrumentation photography or other photography sciences. Recent recipients are
- Andrew Laszlo (2006)
- James MacKay (2005)
- Dr. Roderick T. Ryan (2004)
- George Spiro Dibie (2003)
- Jean-Pierre Beauviala (2002)
Related organizations include
- Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC)
- Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)
- Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
- ITU Radiocommunication Sector (formerly known as the CCIR)
- ITU Telecommunication Sector (formerly known as the CCITT)
- Digital Video Broadcasting
- BBC Research Department
- European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
- List of film topics (Extensive alphabetical listing)
- Glossary of video terms
- SMPTE colour bars
- SMPTE Universal Leader
- Digital Picture Exchange
- General Exchange Format (GXF)
- Material Exchange Format (MXF)
- Media dispatch protocol SMPTE 2032 parts 1, 2 and 3
- Video tape recorder (VTR) standards defined by SMPTE
- The name was changed from Society of Motion Picture Engineers (SMPE) to Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) in 1950 to embrace the emerging television industry.
- "Honoring the Contributions of Leaders – Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers". smpte.org.
- TWiT Netcast Network (March 30, 2017), How 24 FPS Became Standard, retrieved March 31, 2017
- Hollywood gears up 3D TV effort
- "New SMPTE 3D Home Content Master Requirements Set Stage For New Market Growth". Archived from the original on May 2, 2009.
- "Welcome to the SMPTE Store – Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers". store.smpte.org.
- See Charles S. Swartz (editor). Understanding Digital Cinema. A Professional Handbook. Elsevier, 2005, p. 7.
- "List of SMPTE Progress Medal winners". Archived from the original on January 5, 2009.
- "SMPTE Progress Medal Historical List Recipients | Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers". www.smpte.org. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Charles S. Swartz (editor). Understanding Digital Cinema. A Professional Handbook. Elsevier, 2005.